THE AGEEING PEOPLE. IN FRANCE. PLAN. I/ CURRENT SITUATION IN FRANCE -Demography -Economics -Senior employment -Retirement -APA -Health -Problems II/ POLITICS TO PUT INTO ACTION -Ne w Reforms - Senior employment -Retirement - Dependence : “ the fifth Risk”. DEMOGRAPHY.
-NewReforms-Senior employment-Retirement-Dependence : “ the fifth Risk”
28% of the population under the age of 20 in 1990; 25% in 2010
Median age : 45.2 years old for 37.6 today
Ratio active population/inactive people aged of more than 60 :
2,1 in 2010 and 1,5 in 2030
-Between 1964 and 1994: decrease of birth rate from 2,91 to 1,66
-Since 1995, constant increase of birth rate : from 1,71 to 2
Two main factors of this ageing people phenomenon:-Papy-boom-Extension of life expectancy (-Better life quality, better care)
1950 : 63 years for men; 69 for women
1970 : 70 years for men; 78 for women
2010 : 78 years for men; 85 for women
against 46% in the European Union.
a 21,2% increase
- 55: public transport
- 50: bus or train drivers, miners,…
Dependency->What is it ?
Allowance Personalized by Autonomy (APA)
-More aged people are concerned by the dependence
-Decrease of actives population
-Increase of spending
SENIOR EMPLOYMENT :
- “Long Career” : Same retirement age (60 years old) and retirement “Tauxplein”.