What factors do you think are responsible for teens using cigarettes and marijuana?. 4 Drug Classifications. Depressants Stimulants Hallucinogens Anabolic Steroids Exception of anabolic steroid, drugs in the classes are used to alter mood, thought, and feeling. Drug Dependency.
What factors do you think are responsible for teens using cigarettes and marijuana?
A psychoactive drug that slows brain and body reactions is called a depressant.
Marijuana is one of the most frequently abused psychoactive drugs.
Its main ingredient changes the way information reaches and is acted upon by the brain.
Side effects of marijuana use include
A stimulant is a drug that speeds up activities of the central nervous system.
Physicians sometimes prescribe certain stimulants to treat sleep disorders and behavioral disorders.
Amphetamines (am FET uh meenz) are prescription drugs that are sometimes sold illegally as “speed” or “uppers.”
Amphetamine abuse produces feelings of well-being and high energy.
The effects wear off quickly and the abuser is often left feeling depressed.
A stimulant that is related to amphetamines, but is even more powerful, is methamphetamine.
Methamphetamine initially produces a rush, or “high.”
But, after the rush wears off, the user may become
Cocaine is a powerful but short-acting stimulant.
Cocaine is highly addictive.
When cocaine’s effects wear off, abusers often experience depression, which can be severe.
caffeine, nicotine, speed
A hallucinogen(huh LOO sih nuh jun) is a drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood.
Hallucinogens overload the brain with sensory information, causing a distorted sense of reality.
The strongest known hallucinogen is lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD.
LSD’s effects are unpredictable—it can either stimulate or depress the central nervous system.
Abusers experience hallucinations in which they may see colorful visions and mistakenly feel they have superhuman powers.
Psilocybin is a chemical found in a certain type of mushroom.
The effects of psilocybin are much like those of LSD, but not as strong.
One of the most dangerous of all drugs is PCP, short for phencyclidine.
Because the drug eliminates the sensation of pain, abusers may unintentionally injure or even kill themselves.
Some PCP abusers develop signs of schizophrenia.
Three classes of drugs that are of growing concern in recent years are club drugs, inhalants, and anabolic steroids.
The effects of club drugs and inhalants are extremely unpredictable and dangerous.
Abuse of steroids causes lifelong damage to the body and brain.
Club drugs got their name from the fact that they first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
Their effects are different from person to person and very dangerous.
While under the effects of rohypnol (roh HYP nawl), a person may be hurt or raped and not even be able to recall the event later on.
Anabolic steroids are synthetic drugs that are similar to the hormone testosterone.
Steroids are abused primarily by people who want bigger muscles.
Steroids can make a user’s personality very aggressive.
Some steroid users become severely depressed.
A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects is called an inhalant (in HAYL unt).
A drug that slows brain and body reactions.
A class of depressant drugs; also called sedative-hypnotics.
Any drug made from psychoactive compounds contained in the seed pods of poppy plants.
An illegal opiate made from morphine in a laboratory.
A type of drug that increases the activity of the nervous system.
Prescription drugs that are sometimes sold illegally as “speed” or “uppers.”
A stimulant that is related to amphetamines, but is even more powerful.
A drug that is a powerful but short-acting stimulant.
A drug that distorts perception, thought, and mood.
A drug made from the leaves, stems, and flowering tops of the hemp plant.
Drugs that first gained popularity at dance clubs and raves.
A breathable chemical vapor that produces mind-altering effects.
End of Section 17.3
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