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ZULU. Jaspreet Singh. History. The people known today as Zulus formed together about 165 years ago. They formed by many independent clans combining. The name "Zulu" was originally the name of one man; Shaka Zulu. They are one of the original people of S.A

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Jaspreet Singh

  • The people known today as Zulus formed together about 165 years ago. They formed by many independent clans combining. The name "Zulu" was originally the name of one man; Shaka Zulu.
  • They are one of the original people of S.A
  • Back in the day they were a major role in South Africa. After apartheid happened they were classed as 3rd class citizens. They also arose in the late 18th century from the hundreds of small clans occupying the northern regions of Kwazulu- Natal.
  • They are the largest Southern African group
  • They are currently the biggest Southern African group. Its been like that since the past and at the moment they can also be found in Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique.
  • They lived in the central sections of the Eastern/Southeastern part of Africa, living in what is now called the Province of Natal.
  • They usually have a warm sub-tropical climate because they live in South Africa.
econmoic lifestyle
Econmoic lifestyle
  • For the Zulus, land was regarded as a necessity of life.
  • Land was used for growing crops and rearing livestock, Crops consisted mainly of cereals like sorghum, millet and corn. There were also various kinds of beans and root crops like cocoa-yams and sweet potatoes. These crops were mainly grown and tended by women, who also collected and gathered wild vegetables and fruits.
  • Men mainly looked after livestock, which included cattle, goats, and sheep. Cattle provided meat, and also gave milk, which goats never did. Also, men also hunted animals for meat.
  • Currently Zulu are continuing to be South Africa’s biggest group so they are growing rapidly. They currently have 9.2 million people.
migration of culture
Migration of culture
  • The Zulu people are one of many tribal groups that descended from the Bantu people and came to develop their own language and culture. Today the term “Zulu” can refer to both Zulu-language speakers and to people of native Zulu origin.
  • Traditional Zulu society has chiefs and a king. Several homesteads were traditionally run by one chief, who made the important decisions. There was one Zulu king who represented all the Zulu. He played an important role in the politics of the Zulu territory throughout history and has represented his people internationally.
  • Internal: In the urban areas of South Africa, Zulu, and in fact all Africans, are limited to labor intensive work and domestic duties.

External: Even as Apartheid as an institution has been dismantled, it is still extremely difficult for Africans to compete for jobs for which they have not been trained, and the country is still entrenched in de facto racism.

  • Kinship, or blood relation, was an important part in Zulu life.
  • In Zulu society, boys and girls were given a sense of responsibility at a very early age. When infants were weaned away from their mothers, at about the age of three. They became the responsibility of their older sisters, who also helped with domestic choirs. Young boys took part in herding calves, goats, and sheep, while their older brothers were given the responsibility of the larger livestock. The boys herding also learned how to hunt and snare small game.
contributions to society world
Contributions to society/ world
  • The Zulu who live in urban areas are still suffering from the history of Apartheid. They have a hard time competing for jobs and most do unskilled labor (men) and domestic work (women).
religion belief system
Religion/ Belief system
  • The Zulus believed in an almighty or supreme being, whom they called Umvelinqangi, which means "the one who is always there.“
  • They were said to punish people who did bad deeds by making them suffer misfortunes.
  • In daily life, there were various taboos
  • Ex: Women always had to sit on the left-hand side of the doorway, while men sat on the right-hand side.
  • Zulu do have traditional music but they write out poems instead and say them out-loud.
  • They were Bantu-speaking, but adopted some of the Khoisan click sounds in their languages.
  • The Zulu language has claim to a rich body of literature, both oral and written. Traditional Zulu literature includes oral poetry such as “izibongo” praise songs.
  • Women used different types of grass to weave trays, mats and baskets while men carved wood to make stools, trays, dishes, spoons, and other objects. They also tanned hides and skins, so they could make clothing, blankets, carrier bags, and shields
  • Decorated articles of costume and jewelry were very popular in Zulu culture
  • Some decorative art was to make cuts on the face, forming designs, in the way of a tattoo. Ear piercing is the first distinguishing mark showing that a boy or girl is past the age of seven.
  • Poetry was another popular form of art.
  • The men wear Amashoba which are cow tails worn on the upper arms.
  • Women will wear a short grass skirt.
customs cuisine
Customs/ Cuisine
  • They always have beer and milk. Beer is a usual and always brewed by women. They usually have vegetation food even though they love meat.
  • Some customs is that before every meal they must wash their hands and mouth
education technology
Education/ Technology
  • The Zulu University opened in 1960. It offers degrees in Education, Law, Science, and Social Sciences. A good number of graduates have received higher education in American and British Universities. Zulu life has had to change greatly to meet the demands of all these developments