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Overview of Accreditation in the United States PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Overview of Accreditation in the United States. Peter Unger President, A2LA March 20, 2007. Topics. Background on Laboratory Accreditation Government Involvement Accreditation Systems of Other Types of Conformity Assessment Bodies. Background.

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Overview of Accreditation in the United States

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Overview of accreditation in the united states l.jpg

Overview of Accreditation in the United States

Peter Unger

President, A2LA

March 20, 2007


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Topics

  • Background on Laboratory Accreditation

  • Government Involvement

  • Accreditation Systems of Other Types of Conformity Assessment Bodies


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Background

  • Sector-specific lab accreditation programs go back 60+ years

  • National lab accreditation programs started in the 1970’s

  • NIST has identified:

    • Over 30 federal government programs

    • Over 50 state and local government programs

    • Over 20 professional/trade association programs

  • Estimated to be over 150 lab accreditation programs


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Government (all levels)

environmental

medical

food safety

animal health

calibration

firearms

manure

etc.

Private-sector

automotive

building materials

environmental

medical

forensic science

industrial hygiene

steel construction

solar equipment

safety equipment

kitchen cabinets

Sector-specific Programs


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Government Programs

  • Serve specific regulatory needs for health, safety, and environmental issues

  • Some agencies recognize accreditation by others (NRC, DOD, DOE, DOJ, FCC, EPA)

  • Some agencies are considering how accreditation can be used to support their programs (USDA, FDA)


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Government Acronyms Used

DOD – Department of Defense

DOE – Department of Energy

DOJ – Department of Justice

EPA – Environmental Protection Agency

FCC – Federal Communications Commission

FDA – Food and Drug Administration

NRC – Nuclear Regulatory Commission

USDA – US Department of Agriculture


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Last 30+ Years

  • National bodies intended to provide national and international recognition:

    • NVLAP, established in 1976

    • A2LA, established in 1978

    • Other bodies have emerged during the late 1990’s

  • Most sector-specific programs have not been replaced by these national bodies

  • Most of these do not use ISO/IEC standards

  • NACLA with NIST is trying to coordinate for last 10+ years


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About 4000 ISO/IEC 17025 Accreditations in USAas of February 15, 2007


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ILAC MRA Signatories

A2LA – American Association for Laboratory Accreditation

ACLASS – Assured Calibration Laboratory Accreditation System Services

IAS – International Accreditation Services

NVLAP – National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program


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Accreditation of Product Certification Bodies

  • ANSI is the leader

  • IAS and A2LA have similar programs

  • Standards Council of Canada also accredits US-based product certification bodies

  • All operating in accordance with ISO/IEC 17011

  • No national coordination yet

  • Over 40 accreditations


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Accreditation of Inspection Bodies

  • IAS is the leader

  • A2LA has a similar program

  • Both are signatories to the APLAC MRA

  • No national coordination yet

  • Over 60 accreditations


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Accreditation of Management System Certification Bodies

  • ANAB is the sole US-based operator in the USA

  • Operates in accordance with ISO/IEC 17011

  • Internationally recognized in IAF and IAAC MLAs

  • Over 30 accredited certification bodies for ISO 9001, 14001, and a number of industry specific requirements


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Accreditation of Personnel Certification Bodies

  • NOCA is the leader

  • ANSI also has a program

  • Both claim to operate to ISO/IEC 17011

  • About 140 accreditations


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Some Acronyms Used

A2LA – American Association for Laboratory Accreditation

ACLASS – Assured Calibration Lab. Accreditation System Services

AIHA – American Industrial Hygiene Association

ANAB – ANSI/ASQ National Accreditation Board

APLAC – Asia-Pacific Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation

ASQ – American Society for Quality

FQS-I – Forensic Quality Services International

IAF – International Accreditation Forum

IAS – International Accreditation Services

ILAA – International Laboratory Assessment and Accreditation

ILAC – International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation

L-A-B – Laboratory Accreditation Bureau

NOCA – National Organization for Competency Assurance

NVLAP – National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program

PRI – Performance Review Institute


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For More Information

Please email me at:

[email protected]


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