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Chapter 10 The Coming of War 1931 - 1942. Section Titles Dictators and War From Isolation to Involvement America Enters the War. Chapter 10 Section 1 Dictators and War. NEW TERMS: TOTALITARIANISM JOSEPH STALIN BENITO MUSSOLINI ADOLF HITLER ANTI-SEMITIC SPANISH CIVIL WAR APPEASEMENT

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chapter 10 the coming of war 1931 1942
Chapter 10The Coming of War1931 - 1942

Section Titles

  • Dictators and War
  • From Isolation to Involvement
  • America Enters the War
chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

NEW TERMS:

TOTALITARIANISM

JOSEPH STALIN

BENITO MUSSOLINI

ADOLF HITLER

ANTI-SEMITIC

SPANISH CIVIL WAR

APPEASEMENT

ANSCHLUSS

MUNICH PACT

chapter 10 the coming of war
Chapter 10The Coming of War

BELLRINGER

WHAT DO YOU REMEMBER ABOUT THE END OF WWI, THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES AND THE GREAT DEPRESSION?

(Work with your partner to come up with a list)

chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war1

Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

Lesson Essential Question

Why did totalitarian states rise after World War I, what did they do and what was the world response?

chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war2
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

  • How were dictators and militaristic regimes able to rise in the 1930’s?
  • What were the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia?

3. What were the responses of Britain, France and the US to the aggressive regimes?

chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war3

Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

A Bitter Peace Unravels

A. Treaty of ______________ – ended WWI

_______________ and Russia had no say in treaty

Britain, US and France had most say

Italy and Japan upset about treaty too

Caused resentment in many ways (revenge)

_____________________________ (14 points)

chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war4
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

II. Totalitarianism (chart page 325)

A. Repression in the Soviet Union

      • _________________
        • 1917 Bolshevik Rev.
        • 1924 dies
      • _______________________ – means “man of steel”
        • ruthless, cruel, suspicious and very intelligent
  • Purges – killing of suspected traitors
    • Great Terror – 1930’s purge of Communist Party (death or imprisonment of 1 million including army officers)
    • Estimates are over _____ million
        • Stayed in power with fear and propaganda
chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war5
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

II. Totalitarianism (continued)

B. Repression in Italy

1. Causes

a. Did not get land on Adriatic

b. Economic depression

c. Communist movement

2. _____________________

a. 1919 – founded ________________ Party

b. Black Shirts – followers that fought socialists and communists

c. Il Duce – 1922…complete control

chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war6
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War
  • Aggressive leaders in Germany and Japan
    • Germany - Rise of _________________
      • Causes
        • Weimar Republic – post WWI democracy
        • Severe depression
        • Anger of treaty
        • Great Depression worsens economy (1930’s)
      • ________________________
        • Leader of Nazi party
        • __________________– book outlining Ger. Problems (anti-communist and anti-Semitic)
        • Seizing Power – he becomes chancellor in ’33 and pres in ’35 and consolidates power and controls completely
        • Ends depression, but restricts freedoms and persecutes
chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war7
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

B. Japan – ______________________ (pp. 328)

1. Democratic change in the 20’s

2. Depression brings back military leaders

a. Not totalitarian, but constitutional monarchy is ruled by weak emperor

b. Military makes most decisions

3. Expansion to limit effect of Depression

a. 1931 – ____________________

b. 1937 – the rest of China

1. “_________________________” – brutal seige of capital city

chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war8
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

CHECKPOINT QUESTION

How were dictators and militaristic regimes able to rise in the 1930’s?

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Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War
  • Dictators Turn to Aggression

A. League of Nations – weak

1. no USA

2. only as strong as it’s members (Depression led to limited resolve)

    • Hitler and other aggression
      • Defiance of Versailles
      • __________________________ – living space
        • Saar, troops in Rhineland, Italy invades Ethiopia
        • No actions taken by League against Ger. or Italy
      • ________________________________
        • Francisco Franco (Fascists/nationalist leader) received aid from Ger and Italy…..most allies stayed out
chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war10
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

CHECKPOINT QUESTION

  • What were the actions taken by aggressive regimes in Europe and Asia?

Graphic Organizer

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Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War
  • Appeasement
    • Why?
      • WWI
      • Ger. buffer between West and S. Union
      • US and economic troubles
    • “Peace in our Time”
      • ______________________ – Austria
      • ________________________ – western Czechoslovakia
      • ______________________ Conference - 1938
        • Hitler, Chamberlain and Daladier
        • Munich Pact – Gr. Britain and Fr. Gave up Sudetenland for peace – only postponed war 11 months
chapter 10 section 1 dictators and war12
Chapter 10 Section 1Dictators and War

CHECKPOINT QUESTION

  • What were the responses of Britain, France and the US to the aggressive regimes?

Graphic Organizer

Section Quiz

chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement

BELLRINGER

How would you define the word isolation?

chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement1
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement

NEW TERMS:

Blitzkrieg

Axis Powers

Allies

Winston Churchill

Neutrality Act of 1939

Tripartite Pact

Lend-Lease Act

Atlantic Charter

chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement2
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement

LESSON ESSENTIAL QUESTION

How did Americans react to events in Europe and Asia in the early years of World War II?

chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement3
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement

CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

  • What was the course of WWII in the early years in Europe?
  • How would you describe FDR’s foreign policy in the mid-30’s and the great debate between interventionists and isolationists?

3. How did the US become more involved in the conflict?

chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement4
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement
  • FDR Opposes Aggression
    • _______________ attack on China
      • Panay incident…..
      • Call for isolation of Japan
  • War erupts in Europe

A. _________________ broken – Ger. Absorbs all of Czech.

B. GB and Fr. Sign alliance with Poland --- Ger. Signs pact with __________

C. Sept. 1, 1939 – Ger. ________________ of Poland….17th USSR invades from east…..by the end of the month Poland falls and Fr. and GB are @ war

chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement5
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement
  • War Erupts in Europe (continued)
    • The sides!
      • Axis Powers – ______________ __________________ ________________
      • Allies – Britain, France and later….USA, USSR and China
    • “___________________” – 8 month quiet period
    • 1940 –
      • April 9th – Ger armies attack Denmark and Norway
      • May 10th – attack Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg
      • French defenses – Maginot Line and Belgium border defenses
        • Ardennes – forested area that seemed attack proof….
        • ______________________________ -338,000 Fr and Brit. Troops escape to GB
      • French Defeat (35 days) – and division of France (pp.333)
        • Occupied France and Vichy France
chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement6
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement
  • War Erupts in Europe (continued)

C. 1940

      • ______________________ – July (pp 335)
        • Operation Sea Lion – Hitler’s plan to invade Britain depended on air superiority, but his Luftwaffe could not defeat the RAF even with the “blitz” of London…..eventually Hitler postpones invasion
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Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement

Checkpoint Question

What was the course of WWII in the early years in Europe?

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Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement
  • American Debate Involvement (pp. 336, 337)
    • American favors Isolation
        • Great Depression
        • WWI
          • Deadly, expensive and pointless
          • Big business conspiracy (Nye Committee)
        • _____________________________ (1935, 1936, 1937)

a. Bannned sailing of ships of at war nations

b. Banned loans to warring nations

c. Banned the sale of arms or munitions (to either side in war)

    • ________________________ favor aiding the Allies
      • Neutrality Act of 1939 – “___________________________”
      • Committee to Defend American by Aiding the Allies
      • The America First Committee – Charles Lindbergh – leading isolationist
chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement9
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement

Checkpoint Question

2. How would you describe FDR’s foreign policy in the mid-30’s and the great debate between interventionists and isolationists?

chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement10
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement
  • America Takes Steps Toward War
    • Sept. 1940
      • _____________________ Pact – Germany, Italy and Japan become allies
      • ________________________________________ – peacetime draft
      • Destroyers to Britain for naval base
      • Nov. 1940 – FDR defeats _____________________ for 3rd term as president
    • More US aid
      • “________________” speech – speech, worship, from want and fear (pp 339)
      • ________________________ – March 1941 “the great arsenal for democracy”
      • _____________________– signed by FDR and Churchill about post-war world
      • Undeclared war in the Atlantic – Geru-boats vs. US ships
      • June 1941 – Germany attacks _____________
chapter 10 section 2 from isolation to involvement11
Chapter 10 Section 2From Isolation to Involvement

Checkpoint Question

  • How did the US become more involved in the conflict?

Graphic Organizer

Section Quiz

chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War

BELLRINGER

IF IRAN DOESN’T FOLLOW UNITED STATES AND UNITED NATIONS REQUESTS TO STOP IT’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM, SHOULD THE US INTERVENE MILITARILY?

chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war1
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War

NEW TERMS

HIDEKI TOJO

PEARL HARBOR

WAC

DOUGLAS MACARTHUR

BATAAN DEATH MARCH

BATTLE OF CORAL SEA

chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war2
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War

BELLRINGER

DO YOU THINK THE US WOULD HAVE ENTERED WWII IF JAPAN HAD NOT ATTACKED AT PEARL HARBOR? EXPLAIN YOUR ANSWER!

chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war3

Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War

Lesson Essential Question

How did the United States react to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?

chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war4
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War

CHECKPOINT QUESTIONS

  • WHY DID JAPAN DECIDE TO ATTACK PEARL HARBOR? DESCRIBE IT.

2. HOW DID THE UNITED STATES MOBILIZE FOR WAR AFTER THE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR?

3.WHAT WAS THE COURSE OF THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC THROUGH THE SUMMER OF 1942?

chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war5
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War
  • America Enters the War
    • Japan Attacks the US
      • Pacific rivalry – US in Guam, Phillippines… support of China
      • US ____________________ on supplies – oil, iron ore, fuel, steel and rubber
      • __________________ and negotiations – try to end dispute
      • Nov. 1941 – _________________ (US sec. of state) rejects Japan’s latest demands…..Japan makes decision to attack!!
chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war6
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War
  • America Enters the War
    • Japan Attacks the US (cont.)
      • Pearl Harbor – ___________________________
        • Vice Admiral _______________________
        • 6 Aircraft Carriers, 360 planes, battleships and subs
        • RESULTS – nearly _______ deaths, 8 battleships severely damaged, 3 destroyers unusable, 3 light cruisers damaged, over 160 aircraft destroyed and 128 more damaged – Arizona, Oklahoma and Utah irreparable damage
        • ___________________________ out of commission for 6 months – but survives
        • Nagumo too conservative – no 3rd wave, didn’t find carriers and went back towards Japan fearing counterstrike
        • US declares war (House votes 388 – 1, Senate unanimous) Germany and Italy declare war on US
chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war7
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War

CHECKPOINT QUESTION

  • WHY DID JAPAN DECIDE TO ATTACK PEARL HARBOR? DESCRIBE IT.
chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war8
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War
  • Mobilizing for War
    • Joining the military
      • All branches expanded from ’41 to ’42,
          • Mexican, Native, Africans and women joined the cause in large numbers
          • WACS and Army Nurse Corps
      • Mobilizing Industry
        • 1942 – ____________________________________(WPB) – oversee conversion of industry
        • __________________________________________ (OWM) – supervise allocation of scare materials, regulate the production of civilian goods, establish production contracts, negotiate with labor and control inflation.
        • War spending ends depression
        • By 1944, US production ______________ that of the Axis powers combined
chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war9
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War

CHECKPOINT QUESTION

2. HOW DID THE UNITED STATES MOBILIZE FOR WAR AFTER THE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR?

chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war10
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War
  • Fighting in the Pacific
    • Philippines Fall –
      • Japanese take Guam, Wake Island and Hong Kong
      • Dec. 22, 1941 – Japanese attack of _________________________,
        • US forced to retreat to Bataan Peninsula and Corregidor Island
        • MacArthur ordered to evacuate to Austrailia
        • May 42, _________ Allied troops surrender – sick and injured forced on the ______________________________ (7,000 die)
      • Japanese gains and US strikes–
        • By summer of ’42 – Japanese ready to completely control from Indian Ocean Australia, New Zealand and the central Pacific
        • _______________________ – attack of mainland Japan by 16 B-25 bombers
        • ___________________-May 1942 – total air battle, draw but US stopped Japanese attack
        • Doolittle Raid and Coral Sea – gave US confidence at the end of 1942
writing prompt
Writing Prompt

How would you have reacted to Pearl Harbor?

chapter 10 section 3 america enters the war11
Chapter 10 Section 3America Enters the War

CHECKPOINT QUESTION

  • WHAT WAS THE COURSE OF THE WAR IN THE PACIFIC THROUGH THE SUMMER OF 1942?

Graphic Organizer

Graphic Organizer 2

Section Quiz

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