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NPSTC Organizations Discuss The Public Safety Communications Community. IWCE 2010 Wednesday – March 10, 2010 – 11:00 AM Moderator – Ralph Haller Panelists – Harlin McEwen, Kevin McGinnis, Joe Ross. Welcome Ralph Haller. NPSTC Mission Statement. NPSTC is a federation of organizations

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npstc organizations discuss the public safety communications community

NPSTC Organizations DiscussThe Public Safety Communications Community

IWCE 2010

Wednesday – March 10, 2010 – 11:00 AM

Moderator – Ralph Haller

Panelists – Harlin McEwen, Kevin McGinnis, Joe Ross

npstc mission statement
NPSTC Mission Statement

NPSTC is a federation of organizations

whose mission is to improve public safety

communications and interoperability

through collaborative leadership.

npstc member organizations
NPSTC Member Organizations

Member Organizations:

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

American Radio Relay League

Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials – International

Forestry Conservation Communications Association

International Association of Chiefs of Police

International Association of Emergency Managers

International Association of Fire Chiefs

International Municipal Signal Association

National Association of State Chief Information Officers

National Association of State Emergency Medical Services Officials

National Association of State Foresters

National Association of State Telecommunications Directors

National Emergency Number Association

National Sheriffs’ Association

  • Associate Members:
  • Canadian Interoperability Technology Interest Group
  • Telecommunications Industry Association
  • Liaison Organizations:
  • Federal Communications Commission
  • Federal Emergency Management Agency
  • Federal Partnership for Interoperable Communications
  • National Telecommunications and Information Administration
  • Office of Emergency Communications
  • Office of Interoperability & Compatibility
  • U.S. Department of Interior
  • Department of Justice
how is npstc organized
How is NPSTC organized?

NPSTC Governing Board

Representatives from each of its member organizations

Executive Committee

The Executive Committee comprises a Chair, Vice Chair, and the four Committee Chairs and Vice-Chairs

Four Operational Committees

Interoperability Committee

Outreach Committee

Spectrum Management Committee

Technology Committee

our goals
Our Goals

Create vision for the future of public safety communications

Develop common policy perspectives through collaborative forums of leadership in public safety

Educate appropriate governmental bodies regarding public safety communications issues, policies and priorities

Educate public safety practitioners and leaders on communications issues

Influence future technologies, providers and standard making bodies to ensure public safety interests are appropriately represented

Advocate the interests of public safety communications

Facilitate coordination, dispute resolution and the exchange of effective practices, tools and information


Chief Harlin R. McEwen

Chief of Police (Ret) City of Ithaca, NYFBI Deputy Assistant Director (Ret) Washington, DC


Communications & Technology Committee

International Association of Chiefs of Police

Public Safety

Spectrum Trust


Public Safety Spectrum Trust

the proposed nationwide public safety wireless broadband network
The Proposed Nationwide Public SafetyWireless Broadband Network
  • Public safety has never had any spectrum assigned for wide area robust data communications until the allocation of spectrum at 700 MHz. With the FCC requirement to further narrow current voice channels, the wireless exchange of robust data in those channels becomes even more impractical.
  • Building a new nationwide Public Safety Wireless Broadband Network presents an opportunity to bring commercial technologies to the public safety community that will allow them access to much needed and reliable wireless data services.
the vision of public safety
The Vision of Public Safety
  • Commercial investment and government funding to build out and maintain the infrastructure
  • Public/Private Partnership(s) that will facilitate building a nationwide shared wireless broadband network
  • Network reliability & security greater than currently provided by commercial carriers
  • Public safety access to the latest commercial technologies
  • Priority access for public safety
  • Coverage greater than currently provided by commercial carriers
  • A satellite component that will provide coverage when terrestrial service is disrupted or not available
the history
The History
  • 1995 – FCC and NTIA established the Public Safety Wireless Advisory Committee (PSWAC).
  • 9/11/1996 – PSWAC released its final report on the current and future spectrum needs of public safety.
  • 1997 – Balanced Budget Act of 1997 directed the FCC to allocate (no later than Jan 1, 1998) 24 MHz of radio spectrum between 746 and 806 MHz that was to be recovered from TV stations 60-69 as a result of the implementation of digital television.
  • 1998 – FCC created the Public Safety National Coordinating Committee (NCC) to recommend rules for use of the 24 MHz of public safety spectrum in the 700 MHz band.
  • 2003 – NCC issued its final report. It recommended that half of the 700 MHz public safety spectrum (12 MHz) be designated for narrowband voice channels and half be designated for data channels.
the history continued
The History (Continued)
  • 12/20/2006 – FCC issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) and said - “We believe that the time may have come for a significant departure from the typical public safety allocation model the Commission has used in the past.”
  • 04/25/2007 – FCC issued a Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (FNPRM). Several complex band plans involving the entire 700 MHz band were proposed. It included a proposal to create a single National Public Safety License for the 12 MHz data portion of the public safety spectrum.
  • 06/06/2007 – The Public Safety Spectrum Trust (PSST) was created as a not-for-profit Corporation. It was formed by the Association of Public-Safety Officials-International (APCO), the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC), and the International Municipal Signal Association (IMSA). The intent was to apply for the proposed single national Public Safety Broadband License (PSBL).

The Public Safety Spectrum Trust (PSST) is currently governed by a voting board of fifteen members – one representative from each of the following organizations:

1. American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

2. American Hospital Association (AHA)

3. Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials-International (APCO)

4. Forestry Conservation Communications Association (FCCA)

5. International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)

6. International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC)

7. International City/County Management Association (ICMA)

8. International Municipal Signal Association (IMSA)

9. National Assn of State Emergency Medical Services Officials (NASEMSO)

10. National Assn of State 9-1-1 Administrators (NASNA)

11. National Emergency Management Association (NEMA)

12. National Emergency Number Association (NENA)

13. National Fraternal Order of Police (NFOP)

14. National Governors Association (NGA)

15. National Sheriffs’ Association (NSA)

the history continued1
The History (Continued)
  • 07/31/2007 – FCC issued a Second Report and Order (R&O)
  • Released a new 700 MHz Band Plan
  • Authorized a Public/Private Partnership to build a nationwide shared wireless broadband network (SWBN)
  • Authorized the Issuance of a single nationwide license to a Public Safety Broadband Licensee (PSBL)
  • Authorized combining the public safety and D Block spectrum assets to form a shared network
  • Required the D Block licensee to build the network to public safety specifications
  • Provided for a Network Sharing Agreement

New Upper 700 MHz Band Plan - Adopted by FCC on July 31, 2007

Base Transmit (Downlink)

Mobile Transmit (Uplink)

746 763 768 769 772 775 776 793 798 799 802 805 806













































Single Nationwide

Public Safety Broadband License (PSBL)

(Licensed to the Public Safety Spectrum Trust)

Spectrum To Be Auctioned

With Public Safety Requirements


Allocated to the Nationwide PSBL

By Congressional Action

the history continued2
The History (Continued)

11/19/2007 – FCC named the PSST as the nationwide Public Safety Broadband Licensee (PSBL).

01/24/2008 - 03/18/2008 – 700 MHz Auction #73. Auction raised almost $20 billion. Only one bid for the D Block spectrum which did not meet the minimum bidding requirement of $1.33 billion.

12/2008 – After the election of a new President further FCC action was deferred, at the request of Congressional leaders, until after the new Administration took office.

2009 – 17 requests for approval for local/regional early build using the Public Safety spectrum licensed to the PSBL (PSST) Bay Area (CA), Boston (MA), Charlotte (NC), Chesapeake (VA), Denver Airport-Adams County (CO), State of Hawaii, State of Iowa, Los Angeles (CA), State of New Jersey, State of New Mexico, New York City, New York State, State of North Dakota, Pembroke Pines (FL), San Antonio (TX), Seattle (WA), Washington, DC

2009-2010 – Major national public safety organizations advocating for Congressional action to reallocate the D Block for public safety use and assign it to the Public Safety Broadband License rather than auction it for commercial use.

the increasing public safety mission has required more spectrum
The Increasing Public Safety MissionHas Required More Spectrum



Allocation MHzAllocation MHz

VHF Low Band (25-50 MHz) 6.3 Cellular 50

VHF High Band (150-174 MHz) 3.6 Broadband PCS 120

UHF Band (450-470 MHz ) 3.7* AWS 90

800 MHz Band (806-821/851-866MHz) 3.5 Broadband Radio Services 190

800 MHz Band (821-824/866-869MHz) 6.0 Lower 700 48

700 MHz Band (764-776/794-806 MHz)24.0** Upper 700 30

TOTAL PUBLIC SAFETY..............47.1*** TOTAL COMMERCIAL.......528



30 MHz

* This does not include 470/512 MHz spectrum used in 11 of the largest US Cities

** Was not available to public safety in many areas of the U.S. until TV broadcasters were required to move out of the spectrum on June 12, 2009)

*** Public Safety also has 50 MHz of spectrum at 4.9 GHz but this is only practical for local area networks and hotspots – not for wide area or mobile networks


Public safety has chosen Long Term Evolution (LTE) as the preferred technology for the nationwide network. 4G technologies like LTE are best suited for bandwidths of greater than 10 MHz. The Public Safety Broadband License is for 10 MHz of spectrum and the public safety community has identified the need for the additional 10 MHz of spectrum in the adjacent D Block to provide the robust data services required by public safety. The public safety community is unified in this effort and has the support of a large segment of the communications industry.

Emergency Response Interoperability Center (ERIC)

The FCC has recently proposed the creation of ERIC. As envisioned by the FCC, ERIC would be housed at the FCC in the Public Safety & Homeland Security Bureau (PSHSB). The FCC would establish a Public Safety Advisory Board to serve a central advisory role to ERIC. As proposed, ERIC would coordinate the interoperability framework of regulations, license requirements, grant conditions, and technical standards with other entities (e.g., the Public Safety Broadband Licensee [Public Safety Spectrum Trust], DHS, NTIA and NIST).


Several entities, including two major carriers, Sprint Nextel and T-Mobile, are advocating that the D Block not be allocated for public safety but instead be auctioned for only commercial purposes. Verizon Wireless and AT&T are advocating the D Block be allocated to public safety.

February 25, 2010 - FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski announced that the National Broadband Plan, to be released March 17, 2010, will include a plan by the FCC to auction the 700 MHz D Block for commercial purposes without the previously identified public safety requirements.

The new plan would include access by public safety to the entire 700 MHz band for the purposes of roaming and priority access but no requirements for the D Block winner(s) to partner with the nationwide Public Safety Broadband Licensee.

  • Public safety needs a nationwide wireless broadband network that gives public access to modern technologies. The network needs to be robust, interoperable, allow nationwide roaming, and be more reliable and secure than current commercial networks.
  • With the recent announcement by the FCC Chairman of a major change in direction, representatives of the Public Safety Spectrum Trust and the major national public safety organizations are engaged in intense discussions with the Federal Communications Commission, the White House and Congress to make sure that the outcome is positive for public safety.
Expert Panel White Paper on FutureEMS Communications NeedsbyNational Public Safety Telecommunications Council

Kevin McGinnis, MPS, EMT-P

Communications Technology Advisor

National Association of State EMS Officials

National Association of EMS Physicians

National Association of EMTs

National Association of EMS Educators


Utilizing an expert panel format, to present possible future Emergency Medical Services (EMS) diagnostic and treatment modalities and their implications for bandwidth and other communications resources.

ems communications now
EMS Communications Now

Narrowband Land Mobile Mission Critical Voice

And Limited Telemetry

VHF/UHF/700 MHz/800 MHz

Commercial Voice and Limited Telemetry Services

Telephone and Cell Services


3G Commercial Wireless Data/Municipal WiFi & MESH Systems (Unlicensed 2.4 GHz)

Lack Mission Critical Reliability

Lack Public Safety Priority

Lack Patient Security

Lack Wide Area Coverage in Rural Areas

what we lack
What We Lack
  • Situational Awareness (SA)
    • Events
    • Resources
  • Common Operating Picture (COP)
    • First Responders/Ambulance Responders
    • Rescue/Extrication Responders
    • Air-Medical Responders
    • Hospital/Specialty Center Staff
  • Rural & Community Paramedicine Communications
what we need for sa cop
What We Need for SA & COP
  • More Than Voice Communications
  • Network of Data Bases
    • Resource Status
    • Events Status
    • Adequate Bandwidth to Push/Pull/Park Data:
      • Voice
      • Other (Complex Biotelemetry, Video, Images)
  • GIS-Based User Interfaces
    • PDA, MDU, Desktop
    • Real-Time Resource/Event Updating

Team On Alert for Pt:+

ED On Alert for Pt: +


Other Predicted Technologies

Stand Off VS Monitoring

IR Crowd Disease Detection

Portable CT (Images)

Portable US (Video & Images)


Other Predicted Technologies

Medical Quality & Other Video (esp. Comm. Para.)

Multi-Vital Signs Transmission

Multiple Patient Monitoring (MCI)

Multiple Responder VS Monitoring

other predicted technologies
Other Predicted Technologies
  • Portable In-Building Bi-directional Repeating
  • Wireless Speech to Text Translation
  • AACN Data Distribution to Response Units
  • GIS Based User Interfaces for Resource and Event Monitoring
  • Wireless Vehicle Systems Monitoring
  • Wireless Vehicle Equipment and Supply Inventory Monitoring
other predicted technologies1
Other Predicted Technologies
  • EMS Based Routine Patient Monitoring
  • Automated Dispatching Based on Monitored Patients and Vehicles
  • Audio/video/data Interfaces with “I’ve fallen” Systems
  • Audio/Video/Image/Data Interfaces with “Just in Time” Training and Operational/Medical References
  • Access to Searchable Patient Records/Images/Data
  • Real-Time Vehicle Extrication Hazards Alerting Based on AACN Including Video/Images as Necessary
  • Syndromic Surveillance and Quick Alerting to Specific Populations
  • Physician Mediated Interface Between EMS Dispatch, EMS Crews and Nurse Call Centers
ems communications future
EMS Communications – Future
  • Narrowband Land Mobile Mission Critical Voice
    • VHF/UHF/700 MHz/800 MHz
  • Commercial Voice Services
    • Telephone and Cell Services
  • Broadband
    • Nationwide 4G Shared Public Safety/Commercial Wireless Data Network and Links to Fiber Networks
      • Mission Critical Redundancy & Reliability
      • Public Safety Priority
      • Patient Security
      • Wide Area Coverage in Rural Areas via Roaming, Satellite and Wireless/Fiber Links

The AFST Working Group was created to update the Public Safety Wireless Advisory Committee (PSWAC) Report by identifying the public safety user communications requirements for the next 10 years (2010-2020)


Identify the public safety user communications requirements for the next 10 years (2010 - 2020)

Identify impacts on technology and wireless spectrum needs in order to meet those user needs

Deliver a final report by the end of 2010 that identifies those spectrum and technology needs to help drive

Policy (spectrum, funding, and other)

Standards that require development

Focus the vendor community to meet the long-term needs

task groups
Task Groups

Operations Task Group

Develop user needs questionnaire to solicit expected public safety communications needs for the next 10 years.

Publish user needs questionnaire results.

Technical Task Group

Assess current technology.

Investigate technologies available over the 2010 – 2020 timeframe.

Identify future standards development.

Spectrum Task Group

Assess current spectrum usage.

Update spectrum needs models.

Identify spectrum requirements and potential solutions to meeting public safety spectrum needs.

All groups to integrate transition and interoperability needs in to their findings

public safety input needed
Public Safety Input Needed

Final report must accurately reflect the spectrum and communications technology needs of public safety

Three ways to participate

Volunteer to directly contribute in the working group

Respond to the upcoming questionnaire

Send input to [email protected]

Need broad input and expertise

From each public safety discipline (law enforcement, fire, EMS, transportation, health, etc.)

Representing diverse geographies (rural, urban, suburban, state, etc.)

how to contribute
How to Contribute

Sign up to receive questionnaire

Stop by the NPSTC Booth #3093

Sign up online – NPSTC Website at

Email or call the NPSTC Support Office


[email protected]

Email input to [email protected]