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NPSTC Discusses Current Events in the Public Safety Community. IWCE 2011 Wednesday – March 9, 2011 – 11:00 AM Moderators – Ralph Haller Panelists – Marilyn Ward, David Buchanan, Harlin McEwen, Andy Thiessen, and Joe Ross. Welcome Ralph Haller, NPSTC Chairman. NPSTC Mission Statement.

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Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

NPSTC DiscussesCurrent Events in the Public Safety Community

IWCE 2011

Wednesday March 9, 2011 11:00 AM

Moderators Ralph Haller

Panelists Marilyn Ward, David Buchanan, Harlin McEwen, Andy Thiessen,

and Joe Ross


Welcome ralph haller npstc chairman

WelcomeRalph Haller, NPSTC Chairman


Npstc mission statement

NPSTC Mission Statement

NPSTC is a federation of organizations

whose mission is to improve public safety

communications and interoperability

through collaborative leadership.


Npstc member organizations

NPSTC Member Organizations

Member Organizations:

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials

American Radio Relay League

Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies

Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials International

Forestry Conservation Communications Association

International Association of Chiefs of Police

International Association of Emergency Managers

International Association of Fire Chiefs

International Municipal Signal Association

National Association of State Chief Information Officers

National Association of State Emergency Medical Services Officials

National Association of State Foresters

National Association of State Telecommunications Directors

National Emergency Number Association

National Sheriffs Association

  • Associate Members:

  • Canadian Interoperability Technology Interest Group

  • National Council of State Wide Interoperability Coordinators

  • Telecommunications Industry Association

  • Utilities Telecom Council

  • Liaison Organizations:

  • Federal Communications Commission

  • Federal Emergency Management Agency

  • Federal Partnership for Interoperable Communications

  • National Telecommunications and Information Administration

  • Office of Emergency Communications

  • Office of Interoperability & Compatibility

  • SAFECOM

  • U.S. Department of Interior

  • Department of Justice

    • NIJ COMMTECH


How is npstc organized

How is NPSTC organized?

NPSTC Governing Board

Representatives from each of its member organizations

Executive Committee

The Executive Committee comprises a Chair, Vice Chair, and the four Committee Chairs and Vice-Chairs

Four Operational Committees

Interoperability Committee

Outreach Committee

Spectrum Management Committee

Technology Committee


Our goals

Our Goals

Create vision for the future of public safety communications

Develop common policy perspectives through collaborative forums of leadership in public safety

Educate appropriate governmental bodies regarding public safety communications issues, policies and priorities

Educate public safety practitioners and leaders on communications issues

Influence future technologies, providers and standard making bodies to ensure public safety interests are appropriately represented

Advocate the interests of public safety communications

Facilitate coordination, dispute resolution and the exchange of effective practices, tools and information


Npstc discusses intrinsically safe radios marilyn ward executive director

NPSTC Discusses Intrinsically Safe RadiosMarilyn Ward, Executive Director


Intrinsically safe radio certification

Intrinsically Safe Radio Certification

  • What is IS Radio and the issue?

    • FM Approvals

    • UL and CSA

  • Changes that will be needed when new standard is implemented in 2012

    • More tower sites

    • Batteries not interoperable

  • The financial impact on Government Budgets

    • Pinellas County

    • Houston

  • NPSTC position paper


Intrinsically safe radio certification1

Intrinsically Safe Radio Certification

  • ISA meeting in San Diego

    • NPSTC representative

    • Request for new standard for public safety

    • Request to delay 2012 implementation

  • What can we do?

    • Notify your radio managers

    • Work with your radio shop to prepare a plan and budget

    • Monitor the NPSTC home page for updates and respond when we call for action if it is needed


Intrinsically safe radio certification2

Intrinsically Safe Radio Certification

  • Join the IS Radio public safety working group and list serve for information

  • Share the impact on your system with us for publication like Pinellas and Houston has done

  • Be prepared to answer hard questions at home like

    • Why did we spend so much money on equipment during rebanding when it is no good after 2012?

    • Is our radio equipment no longer safe?

    • Why didnt we know about this 2 years ago?


Npstc discusses current spectrum issues and narrowbanding david buchanan

NPSTC Discusses Current Spectrum Issues and Narrowbanding David Buchanan


Npstc spectrum issues

NPSTC Spectrum Issues

  • LEGACYANALOG TV CHANNELS IN 700 MHZ SPECTRUM (#SM-093-20101112)

  • Docket #07-100 on 4.9 GHz coordination adopted 4/7/09 NPRN Requires further FCC action

  • NEW TECHNICAL STANDARDS / DTV OPERATION FOR UHF TV SHARING BAND(#SM-045-20080212)

  • AUCTION OVERLAY IN THE TV SPECTRUM (#SM-086-20100813)

  • NOI on Dynamic Spectrum Access with a separate NPRM on voluntary auctions in the TV spectrum


Npstc spectrum issues1

NPSTC Spectrum Issues

  • FCC PUBLIC NOTICE REQUESTING INPUT ON POTENTIAL USE OF 700 MHZ NARROWBAND AND GUARDBAND BLOCKS FOR BROADBAND OPERATION. (ACTION ITEM # SM-089-20101008)

  • Petition to use certain 700 MHz narrowband channels for air to ground use


Npstc questionnaire

NPSTC Questionnaire

  • NPSTC conducted a questionnaire to develop a snapshot of the current status of narrowbanding.

  • Generally, nine questions were examined.

  • Over 600 responses have been submitted to date.


Is your system capable of nb

Is Your System Capable of NB?

  • Many jurisdictions are NB capable, but still in WB

  • Repeaters and Base Stations pose a big problem, even if mobiles and portables are ready

  • Few have totally converted and most still need equipment

  • Troubling comments

    • How would I know?

    • County Commissioners not yet on board


Migrating to 700 800 mhz

Migrating to 700/800 MHz?

  • Most responders said no

    • Propagation Issues with 700/800 MHz

    • Interoperability with Neighbors

    • Cost


Do you have a timetable

Do you have a Timetable?

  • Most have a timetable

  • Many see funding as an obstacle to meeting the timetable


Determine cost to narrowband

Determine Cost to Narrowband?

  • Range from a few thousand to millions of dollars

  • Constant theme, Where is the money going to come from?


Planning to file a waiver

Planning to File a Waiver?

  • 50/50 yes/no

  • Many undecided at this time


Currently nb capable

Currently NB Capable?

  • Range from no equipment is narrowband capable to all equipment is narrowband

  • Most have some percentage of equipment NB capable


Need to purchase new equip

Need to Purchase New Equip?

  • Most will need some additional equipment before 2013


Funding identified

Funding Identified?

  • Many looking for grants

  • Some have partial funding in place

  • Volunteer Fire Departments need donations

  • Funding is the biggest obstacle to meeting the deadline


Narrowbanding affect interop

Narrowbanding Affect Interop?

  • Generally, Yes

  • Interoperability suffers if not all users are narrowband

  • Communications range may be reduced


Npstc reviews current activities of the psst including d block harlin mcewen

NPSTC Reviews Current Activities of the PSST including D BlockHarlin McEwen


Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

Chief Harlin R. McEwen

Chief of Police (Ret) City of Ithaca, NYFBI Deputy Assistant Director (Ret) Washington, DC

Chairman

Communications & Technology Committee

International Association of Chiefs of Police

Public Safety

Spectrum Trust

Chairman

Public Safety Spectrum Trust


Nationwide public safety interoperable wireless broadband network

Nationwide Public SafetyInteroperable Wireless Broadband Network

June 6, 2007 - The Public Safety Spectrum Trust (PSST) was created as a not-for-profit Corporation. It was formed by the Association of Public-Safety Officials-International (APCO), the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC), and the International Municipal Signal Association (IMSA). The intent was to apply for the proposed single nationwide Public Safety Broadband License

August 10, 2007 FCC issued the Second Report & Order that set forth a process for selection of a nationwide public safety broadband license including rigorous requirements for eligibility for the nationwide license. The R&O included unprecedented requirements for a license holder including specific language to be included in the By-Laws of the organization holding the public safety license.

November 19, 2007 - FCC named the PSST as the nationwide Public Safety Broadband Licensee (PSBL) and issued a 10 year license.

PSBT

Proposal

30 MHz


Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

The Public Safety Spectrum Trust (PSST) is currently governed by a voting board of fifteen members one representative from each of the following organizations:

1. American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

2. American Hospital Association (AHA)

3. Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials-International (APCO)

4. Forestry Conservation Communications Association (FCCA)

5. International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)

6. International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC)

7. International City/County Management Association (ICMA)

8. International Municipal Signal Association (IMSA)

9. National Assn. of State Emergency Medical Services Officials (NASEMSO)

10. National Assn. of State 9-1-1 Administrators (NASNA)

11. National Emergency Management Association (NEMA)

12. National Emergency Number Association (NENA)

13. National Fraternal Order of Police (NFOP)

14. National Governors Association (NGA)

15. National Sheriffs Association (NSA)


Nationwide public safety interoperable wireless broadband network1

Nationwide Public SafetyInteroperable Wireless Broadband Network

ADEQUATE SPECTRUM IS IMPORTANT TO PUBLIC SAFETY

PSBT

Proposal

30 MHz


Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

New Upper 700 MHz Band Plan - Adopted by FCC on July 31, 2007

Base Transmit (Downlink)

Mobile Transmit (Uplink)

746 763 768 769 772 775 776 793 798 799 802 805 806

C

11

A

1

D

5

PS

BB

5

G

B

1

PS

NB

6

B

1

C

11

A

1

D

5

PS

BB

5

G

B

1

PS

NB

6

B

1

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

Single Nationwide

Public Safety Broadband License (PSBL)

(Licensed to the Public Safety Spectrum Trust)

Spectrum To Be Auctioned

With Public Safety Requirements

or

Allocated to the Nationwide PSBL

By Congressional Action


D block allocation to public safety

D Block Allocation to Public Safety

  • Win the Future through the Wireless Innovation and Infrastructure initiative of the White House. Notably, the plan calls for the reallocation of the D-Block for public safety as well as significant investments to support the build out of the network. http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/02/10/president-obama-details-plan-win-future-through-expanded-wireless-access

  • S. 28 (Rockefeller)

  • HR 607 (King-Thompson)


National broadband network conceptual designs

National Broadband Network Conceptual Designs

March 1, 2011

San Antonio, Texas


Network of networks concept

Network-of-Networks Concept

  • Multiple IDs (PLMNs), one for each Public Safety Network

    • Forces roaming between public safety networks, and all associated engineering and business expenses for roaming replicated between each network

    • May not be possible to get many IDs from ATIS IOC

  • Inconsistent user subscription fees for each network and roaming fees between PS networks (TBD)

  • Duplication & Overbuild = unnecessary expenses

  • Upgrades inconsistent across Public Safety networks

  • Public safety roaming also required onto commercial networks

    • One agreement between each Public Safety Network, and each supported commercial network, or

    • An agreement between each Public Safety Network and a Clearing House & Roaming Hub.


Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

Option 1: Network-of-Networks With Clearing House Concept

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

NOC

Clearing House & Roaming Hub

NOC

NOC

Commercial Networks(s)

Network Core


One nationwide network concept

One Nationwide Network Concept

  • No public safety roaming on a nationwide network that deploys a single Network ID (PLMN)

    • Consistent user subscription fee regardless of user location based on nationwide agreement (TBD)

  • Upgrades nationally consistent

  • Public safety roaming only required onto commercial network(s)

    • A single agreement with a clearing house can be used versus multiple agreements in a network-of- networks approach


Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

Option 2: One Nationwide Network Concept

Commercial Network(s)

Clearing House & Roaming Hub

Distributed Network Core


Network management

Network Management

The recurring costs to manage and refresh a network, over the long term, will be the largest cost component regardless of configuration. One Nationwide Network would be a much simpler configuration and will cost the least amount to manage, maintain, upgrade, etc.

In a network of networks approach, release upgrades would need to be coordinated and consistent funding among all the network operators to keep every LTE component at the same release level. This would slow the overall evolution of the nationwide network to match the slowest of the multiple network operators or if uncoordinated upgrades are made the features available will not be uniform across the nation and could cause operability and interoperability problems.


Priority on the network

Priority on the network

  • Must not forget that local officials are primarily concerned about priority access and Quality of Service (QOS) so they can manage local incidents

  • A process to manage priority levels for local incident management will need to be developed

  • This process does not depend on the number of operators to meet local needs

  • The greater the number of system operators the more this will look like the current Land Mobile Radio (LMR) voice systems with the obstacles to interoperability that we have in the LMR environment today


Nationwide public safety interoperable wireless broadband network2

Nationwide Public SafetyInteroperable Wireless Broadband Network

A DIFFERENT FUNDING MODEL IS ESSENTIAL

A nationwide funding model will be essential to gain a nationwide public safety interoperable network. Federal funds to build, manage and refresh a nationwide network must be based on a new and unified funding approach that funds local, state, and national elements of a nationwide network as opposed to a grant program that disparately funds only selected localities such as the BTOP Program.

Broadband Technology Opportunities Program (BTOP)

Public Safety Grants

City of Charlotte (NC)$ 16.7M

State of New Mexico (NM)$ 38.7M

Bay Area [Motorola] (CA)$ 50.0M

State of Mississippi (MS)$ 70.0M

State of New Jersey (NJ)$ 39.6M

Los Angeles RICS (CA)$154.6M

Adams County (CO)$ 12.1M

PSBT

Proposal

30 MHz


Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

Nationwide Public Safety

Interoperable Wireless Broadband Network

ADEQUATE SPECTRUM IS IMPORTANT TO PUBLIC SAFETY

Support S. 28 & H.R. 607

www.psafirst.org


Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

NPSTC Broadband RequirementsTechnology Committee Vice ChairBroadband Working Group ChairAndrew Thiessen


Npstc broadband working group recap

NPSTC Broadband Working Group Recap

The NPSTC Broadband Working Group has been active in development user requirements from the beginning of the 700MHz broadband process for public safety:

  • In November 2007, NPSTC published the first version (0.6) of the 700MHz Broadband Public Safety Statement of Requirements

    • At the time, the D block auction had not occurred

    • Public safety had not selected a technology

  • In August of 2009. NPSTC published the Broadband Task Force Report detailing a first cut at interoperability requirements given LTE as the technology of choice

    • Waivers had not yet been granted to PS organizations

    • Roaming amongst potentially separate PS LTE networks was not heavily considered


Npstc broadband working group current efforts

NPSTC Broadband Working Group Current Efforts

Given the tremendous amount of activity in the last year or so in 700MHz broadband, NPSTC felt it was time to reconstitute the Broadband Working Group to begin to address current issues:

  • Public safety has often referred to mission critical voice requirements but no documentation existed on what this specifically was

    • NPSTC has a document out for comment that is the first high level definition for what mission critical voice means

    • This information will be used in the development of a voice capability for public safety over 700MHz LTE and other technologies and spectrum as needed

  • Given that the Public Safety community has elected to leverage a commercial technology for its broadband needs, a careful gap analysis needs to be performed to determine what changes, if any, need to be made to the technology to meet PS needs

    • The first step in a gap analysis if knowing what the requirements are, thus an update to the 700MHz Broadband SoR is underway

    • Currently need volunteers from all stakeholders


Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

PUBLIC SAFETY COMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH(PSCR) DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE BOULDER LABSANDREW THIESSEN STANDARDS AND REQUIREMENTS LEAD


Public safety communications research program

Public Safety Communications Research Program

Located at the

Department of Commerce

Boulder Labs in Colorado

The PSCR Program is a joint effort between:

NISTs

Office of Law

Enforcement Standards

(OLES)

and

NTIAs

Institute for Telecommunication

Sciences

(ITS)


700 mhz spectrum

Public Safety

Public Safety

A

B

C

D

E

A

B

C

C

D

C

D

G

G

PSBB

B

A

B

B

B

757

763

768

769

775

787

793

798

799

805

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

Ch

52

53

54

55

56

57

58

59

60

61

62

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

698

704

710

716

722

728

734

740

746

752

758

764

770

776

782

788

794

800

806

700 MHz Spectrum

Public Safety Broadband

PS Narrowband

D Block

D Block

BC12

BC12

3GPP LTE Bandclass

BC13

BC17

BC17

BC13

BC14

BC14

Ch 51

PSBB

PSNB

PSNB

A

Mobile TX

Mobile TX

Base TX

Base TX

Base TX

Mobile TX

Base TX

Base TX

Base TX

Base TX

Mobile TX

Mobile TX

Mobile TX

Mobile TX

TV

CH

MHz

Upper 700Band

Lower 700 Band

State/Local Public Safety Agencies (Narrowband LMR)

?

?

State/Local Public Safety Agencies (Narrowband LMR)

Guard Band

B Block (Guard Band)

Guard Band

B Block (Guard Band)

Current License Holders (not full list)

Cavalier Wireless

Cavalier Wireless


Pscr s 700mhz public safety broadband demonstration network

PSCRs 700MHz Public Safety Broadband Demonstration Network

The only government or independent lab facility located in the United States to test and demonstrate public safety 700 MHz broadband networks and applications, the Demonstration Network provides:

A place for manufacturers and carriers to deploy their systems to test them in a multivendor environment. This provides integration opportunities.

A place for public safety to see how these systems will function, specific to their unique needs. Interested agencies can visit the network and get handson experience with these systems, as well as run public safety specific test cases that relate directly to their operational environments.

A place where early builders can ensure that the systems they might procure will in fact work in the eventual nationwide network, assisting agencies in their procurement process.


Pscr demo network project plan

Generate interest from broadband vendors to develop a 700 MHz broadband equipment ecosystem

Band Class 14 (D Block & Public Safety Block), Long Term Evolution (LTE)

Stimulate early development for public safety systems (e.g. Waiver Orders)

Support the commercial standards and testing process with public safety requirements e.g.

PSCR Demo Network Project Plan


Demonstration network outcomes

Demonstration Network Outcomes

  • Stakeholders will be able to deploy their equipment in a neutral host network.

  • Inform public safety on how this new technology can meet their requirements.

    • Allow public safety to access the cost savings and innovation of the larger commercial market

    • They do not have to potentially waste capital expenditures for evaluating a network technology.

  • Information & test results gleaned can inform all stakeholders


Demonstration network outcomes cont

Demonstration Network Outcomes (cont.)

  • Help create nationwide interoperability through a unified approach to network design and implementation

    • Requirements definition & standards development

      • Testing (conformance, performance and evaluation)

      • Planning Network architecture, RF, IP, PLMN, IMSI, eNUM, Security, Applicationetc.

        NOTE: Information published will be non-attributable


Demo project stakeholders

Demo Project Stakeholders

NOTE: This is a partial stakeholder list


Afst update joe ross

AFST UpdateJoe Ross


Afst mission

AFST Mission

  • Follow up on the PSWAC Project Final Report to determine spectrum needs (1996).

  • Study future spectrum needs for public safety through the year 2020.

  • Study future technology and operational requirements for public safety through the year 2020.


Afst progress

AFST Progress

  • Operational Needs Web Assessment

    • More than 300 agencies responded to an online survey

    • Feedback received on operational issues, spectrum, and broadband.

  • Broadband Utilization Focus Group Sessions

    • Conducted four sessions: Orlando, Houston, So. Cal., DC

    • Four different scenarios

  • 4.9 GHz assessment

    • Online web survey resulted in

    • Feedback on uses (successful and unsuccessful and future usage intentions)

  • Held Several Meetings With FCC


Afst current status

AFST Current Status

  • Engaged broadband vendor engineering assistance

    • Application throughput

    • Incident Spectral Efficiency

  • Finalizing AFST report sections

    • Operations

    • Technology

    • Spectrum

  • Internal Review & Public Review scheduled


  • Lmr operational requirements

    LMR Operational Requirements

    • Survey Results: Spectrum

      • Perceived lack of spectrum in all bands statewide spectrum concerns

      • Retain system coverage in rural areas while narrowbanding

      • Improved spectrum availability in border areas

      • Need to ensure that major fiscal investments in current systems will continue to meet needs


    Lmr operational requirements1

    LMR Operational Requirements

    • Survey Results: Interoperability

      • Need more conventional Mutual Aid channels for major incidents

      • Scanning between trunked and conventional systems

      • Encryption and data capabilities when roaming

      • Decreased latency with patched channels

      • Faster arrival of I/O equipment to the scene

      • Continued paging/alerting support (commercial and trunked systems)

      • Lower equipment costs for multi-band operations

      • Continued interoperability during narrowbanding and regoinal trunked system migrations


    Lmr operational requirements2

    LMR Operational Requirements

    • Survey Results: Spectrum

      • Perceived lack of spectrum in all bands statewide spectrum concerns

      • Retain system coverage in rural areas while narrowbanding

      • Improved spectrum availability in border areas

      • Need to ensure that major fiscal investments in current systems will continue to meet needs


    Lmr operational requirements3

    LMR Operational Requirements

    • Survey Results: Broadband

      • Importance of data and video increasing

      • Data priority on commercial systems needed due to saturation during major emergency

      • Need to evolve national standards to support I/O

      • Carefully managed sharing of NG911 information w/ field units

      • Improved coverage throughout the response area including in-building coverage for data, video and voice


    Focus group feedback

    Focus Group Feedback

    • Broadband Focus Group Sessions

      • Held throughout the U.S.:

        • Southern CaliforniaWild Land Fire

        • HoustonChemical Plant Explosion

        • Washington DCToxic Gas Leak

        • OrlandoHurricane Strike

      • Use Table Top Exercise format to document operational needs and spectrum use.


    Focus group overview

    Focus Group Overview


    Focus group feedback1

    Focus Group Feedback

    • Common Applications

      • Video (airborne, vehicle mounted, helmet mounted)

      • GIS (street layer, utility layer, photography)

      • Incident Command White Board (exchange info between units)

      • Automatic Vehicle Location (for all vehicles in area)

      • Automatic Personnel Location (Firefighter, Officer location)

      • Database access

        • Criminal history and mug shots

        • Building pre-plan data

        • Hazmat, chemical storage data

        • Critical Infrastructure 3D building files

      • Traffic Management (cameras & roadway signs)

      • Weather Data


    4 9 survey

    4.9 Survey

    • Online Web Survey On Use Of 4.9

      • Survey open until February 21st

      • Deployed, primary use, future use, use at incident scene

      • 142 responses received (as of February 16)

      • As of 2/16:

        • Primary use is point to point service to link radio systems

        • Used to move IP data from point to point

        • Occasional hot spot use

        • Occasional video feed

        • Few attempts to use at Incident Scene


    How can you help

    How Can You Help?

    • Stop by the NPSTC Booth #8075

    • Volunteer online NPSTC Website at www.npstc.org/volunteersInformationForm.jsp

    • Email or call the NPSTC Support Office

      • 866-807-4755

      • [email protected]

    • Email input to [email protected]

    • Provide Feedback On Draft Reports


    Npstc discusses current events in the public safety community

    Questions?


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