The early empire
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The Early empire. The emperor augustus. Started a time of peace and prosperity in Rome that lasted till 180 A.D. Called the Pax Romana or Roman Peace. Augustus created a standing army of 150,000 men Praetorian Guard-9,000 men guarding the emperor

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The Early empire

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The early empire

The Early empire


The emperor augustus

The emperor augustus

  • Started a time of peace and prosperity in Rome that lasted till 180 A.D. Called the PaxRomanaor Roman Peace.

    • Augustus created a standing army of 150,000 men

    • Praetorian Guard-9,000 men guarding the emperor

    • Added all of Spain and Gual and lands in Austria, Hungry, Romania, and Bulgaria

    • Beautified Rome, and encouraged the arts

    • Added more government officials to better rule the empire

    • Reformed the tax and legal systems


Julio claudian emperors

Julio-claudian emperors

  • Augustus named no heir to his throne, but had been training his relative Tiberius. The following three were also from Augustus’s family: Caligula, Claudius, and Nero.

  • Tiberius 14-37 A.D.

    • Great military leader, regulated business to prevent fraud; kept Rome’s economy stable

  • Caligula 37-41 A.D.

    • Abolished sales tax, allowed people in exile to return; increased court system’s power. Battled with mental illness; murdered a lot of people, wasted a lot of money, and named his favorite horse Praetorian Guard


Julio claudian emperors1

Julio-Claudian emperors

  • Claudius 41-54 A.D.

    • Built new harbor at Ostia and a new aqueduct for Rome: conquered most of Britain

  • Nero 54-68 A.D.

    • Constructed new buildings; gave slaves the right to file complaints; assisted cities suffering from disasters. Known for killing his mother, and two wives. Sat in safety watching much of Rome burn. He eventually committed suicide.


Unity and prosperity

Unity and prosperity

  • After Nero committed suicide, Rome passed through a period of disorder until Vespasian, a general took the throne.

  • He put down several rebellions, and started the construction of the Colosseum

  • His sons Titus and Domitian ruled after his death. Pompeii erupted during Titus’s reign.


The good rulers

The “Good rulers”

  • Five rulers-Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Anthony-presided over almost a century of growth and prosperity

  • Agriculture and trade flourished, while the standard of living rose.

  • The empire reached its largest under Trajan


The good rulers1

The “good rulers”

  • Nerva 96-98 A.D.

    • Reformed land laws in favor of the poor; revised taxes

  • Trajan 98-117 A.D.

    • Expanded the empire to its largest size; built many new public works

  • Hadrian 117-138 A.D.

    • Build Hadrian’s Wall in Britain; made Roman laws easier to understand

  • AntoninusPius 138-161 A.D.

    • Promoted art and science; built new public works; passed laws to aid orphans

  • Marcus Aurelius 161-180 A.D.

    • Helped unite the empire economically; reformed Roman law


Roads and currency

Roads and currency

  • During the PaxRomana, Rome’s system of roads reached a total of 50,000 miles

  • They got rid ofpirates on the Mediterranean

  • They had a common currency. Roman coins were accepted throughout the Mediterranean region by 100 A.D.


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