The Early empire. The emperor augustus. Started a time of peace and prosperity in Rome that lasted till 180 A.D. Called the Pax Romana or Roman Peace. Augustus created a standing army of 150,000 men Praetorian Guard-9,000 men guarding the emperor
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Augustus named no heir to his throne, but had been training his relative Tiberius. The following three were also from Augustus’s family: Caligula, Claudius, and Nero.
Tiberius 14-37 A.D.
Great military leader, regulated business to prevent fraud; kept Rome’s economy stable
Caligula 37-41 A.D.
Abolished sales tax, allowed people in exile to return; increased court system’s power. Battled with mental illness; murdered a lot of people, wasted a lot of money, and named his favorite horse Praetorian Guard
Built new harbor at Ostia and a new aqueduct for Rome: conquered most of Britain
Nero 54-68 A.D.
Constructed new buildings; gave slaves the right to file complaints; assisted cities suffering from disasters. Known for killing his mother, and two wives. Sat in safety watching much of Rome burn. He eventually committed suicide.