The early empire
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The Early empire. The emperor augustus. Started a time of peace and prosperity in Rome that lasted till 180 A.D. Called the Pax Romana or Roman Peace. Augustus created a standing army of 150,000 men Praetorian Guard-9,000 men guarding the emperor

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The Early empire

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The Early empire


The emperor augustus

  • Started a time of peace and prosperity in Rome that lasted till 180 A.D. Called the PaxRomanaor Roman Peace.

    • Augustus created a standing army of 150,000 men

    • Praetorian Guard-9,000 men guarding the emperor

    • Added all of Spain and Gual and lands in Austria, Hungry, Romania, and Bulgaria

    • Beautified Rome, and encouraged the arts

    • Added more government officials to better rule the empire

    • Reformed the tax and legal systems


Julio-claudian emperors

  • Augustus named no heir to his throne, but had been training his relative Tiberius. The following three were also from Augustus’s family: Caligula, Claudius, and Nero.

  • Tiberius 14-37 A.D.

    • Great military leader, regulated business to prevent fraud; kept Rome’s economy stable

  • Caligula 37-41 A.D.

    • Abolished sales tax, allowed people in exile to return; increased court system’s power. Battled with mental illness; murdered a lot of people, wasted a lot of money, and named his favorite horse Praetorian Guard


Julio-Claudian emperors

  • Claudius 41-54 A.D.

    • Built new harbor at Ostia and a new aqueduct for Rome: conquered most of Britain

  • Nero 54-68 A.D.

    • Constructed new buildings; gave slaves the right to file complaints; assisted cities suffering from disasters. Known for killing his mother, and two wives. Sat in safety watching much of Rome burn. He eventually committed suicide.


Unity and prosperity

  • After Nero committed suicide, Rome passed through a period of disorder until Vespasian, a general took the throne.

  • He put down several rebellions, and started the construction of the Colosseum

  • His sons Titus and Domitian ruled after his death. Pompeii erupted during Titus’s reign.


The “Good rulers”

  • Five rulers-Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Anthony-presided over almost a century of growth and prosperity

  • Agriculture and trade flourished, while the standard of living rose.

  • The empire reached its largest under Trajan


The “good rulers”

  • Nerva 96-98 A.D.

    • Reformed land laws in favor of the poor; revised taxes

  • Trajan 98-117 A.D.

    • Expanded the empire to its largest size; built many new public works

  • Hadrian 117-138 A.D.

    • Build Hadrian’s Wall in Britain; made Roman laws easier to understand

  • AntoninusPius 138-161 A.D.

    • Promoted art and science; built new public works; passed laws to aid orphans

  • Marcus Aurelius 161-180 A.D.

    • Helped unite the empire economically; reformed Roman law


Roads and currency

  • During the PaxRomana, Rome’s system of roads reached a total of 50,000 miles

  • They got rid ofpirates on the Mediterranean

  • They had a common currency. Roman coins were accepted throughout the Mediterranean region by 100 A.D.


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