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Chapter Twenty-four Industry Comes of Age 1866-1900 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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American Pageant Kennedy, Cohen, & Bailey. Chapter Twenty-four Industry Comes of Age 1866-1900. Carnegie Steel Mill, Youngstown, Ohio, 1910. Growth of Railroads. 1860 – 35,000 Miles of Track 1900 – 192,000 Miles of Track. Central Pacific-Union Pacific Railway, 1869.

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Chapter Twenty-four Industry Comes of Age 1866-1900

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Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

American Pageant

Kennedy, Cohen, & Bailey

Chapter Twenty-four Industry Comes of Age 1866-1900

Carnegie Steel Mill, Youngstown, Ohio, 1910


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Growth of Railroads

1860 – 35,000 Miles of Track 1900 – 192,000 Miles of Track

Central Pacific-Union Pacific Railway, 1869


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Growth of Railroads

Union Pacific – Central Pacific Union Pacific – Irish Workers Central Pacific – Chinese Workers


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Growth of Railroads

Union Pacific – Central Pacific

Leland Stanford Colis Huntington Promontory, Utah - 1869


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Growth of Railroads

Northern Pacific – 1883 Atchinson, Topeka, & Santa Fe – 1884 Southern Pacific – 1884 Great Northern - 1893


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Growth of Railroads

Consolidation Cornelius Vanderbilt

New York Central RR Baltimore & Ohio RR Pennsylvania Railroad Erie Railroad

All Rails Connected to Chicago


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Growth of Railroads

Technology Advancements

Cornelius Vanderbilt

Standard Gauge Steel Rails Double Track Westinghouse Air Brake Pullman Palace Car


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Growth of Railroads

Corruption in Railroads

Stock Watering Milking the Farmer Bribing Government Officials Pools Rebates


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Farmers Organize

Against the Railroads

National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry

a

Depression of 1873 Cooperative Stores Grain Elevators Crop Warehouses

Oliver H. Kelley


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Farmers Organize

Against the Railroads

Farmers AllianceCharles MacuneNorthern Alliance Southern Alliance Colored AlliancePeople’s Party - Populists

a


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Railroad Regulation

Begins

Granger Laws Wabash Case (1886) Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 Interstate Commerce Commission

a


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

The “Robber Barons”

“Captains of Industry”

Andrew CarnegieBessemer Process William Kelley Henry Bessemer Carnegie Steel Co. “Gospel of Wealth” $324 Million to Charity

Carnegie


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

The “Robber Barons”

“Captains of Industry”

J. Pierpont Morgan Railroad Reorganization Investment Banker U.S. Steel Corp 1901

Morgan


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Rockefeller

The “Robber Barons”

“Captains of Industry”

John D. Rockefeller 1859 – Edwin L. Drake Kerosene Lamp Fuel 1863 – Standard Oil Consolidation/Trusts


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Rockefeller

The “Robber Barons”

“Captains of Industry”

John D. Rockefeller Standard Oil Trust Holding Company 1889


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

The “Robber Barons”

“Captains of Industry”

“Gospel of Wealth” Andrew Carnegie Charles Darwin Herbert Spencer “Law of the Jungle” Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890

Spencer

Darwin


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890

Political

Cartoon


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890

Teddy’s Way of Handing Trusts

Political

Cartoon


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890

Political Cartoon

The Trust Giant’s Point of View “What a Funny Little Government!”


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890

Political Cartoon

One Sees His Finish Unless Good Government Retakes the Ship


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Rise of the Labor Movement

Child Labor

Manual Labor

Female Labor


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Rise of the Labor Movement

Pre-Industrial Conditions Contract Labor Law Corporations Fight Unions Scabs – Court Injunctions Lockouts – Black Lists Yellow Dog Contracts Company Towns


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Rise of the Labor Movement

National Labor Union – 1866 Panic of 1873 Knights of Labor – 1869 (Noble & Holy Order of Knights of Labor) Terence V, Powderly Haymarket Riots - 1886


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Rise of the Labor Movement

American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers – 1880s Panic of 1893

Powderly

Gompers


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Sources:

Factory 3 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?pan:64:./temp/~ammem_Nhik::displayType=1:m856sd=pan:m856sf=6a15367:@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright

Promontory Utah 1869 3 - http://americanhistory.si.edu/onthemove/exhibition/exhibition_1_3.html

Chinese worker - http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10021656+X-21656

Chinese Workers 1 - http:[email protected]?img=brk00003107_16a

Chinese Railroad Workers 2 - http:[email protected]?img=brk00003107_16a

Cornelius Vanderbilt 1 - http://voteview.uh.edu/images/vanderb2.gif

Locomotive 6 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/nbhips/lca/126&topImages=12652r.jpg&topLinks=12652v.jpg&displayProfile=0&title=Burlington%20engine%20number%20120,%20the%20first%20train%20into%20Broken%20Bow,%20Nebraska,&m856s=$dnbhips$f12652&dir=ammem&itemLink=D?psbib:137:./temp/~ammem_xvxd::@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright

Locomotive 3 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/nbhips/lca/126&topImages=12651r.jpg&topLinks=12651v.jpg&displayProfile=0&title=First%20train%20into%20Sargent,%20Custer%20County,%20Nebraska.&m856s=$dnbhips$f12651&dir=ammem&itemLink=D?psbib:106:./temp/~ammem_xvxd::@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright

Oliver H. Kelley 1 - http://www.mnhs.org/places/sites/ohkf/ohkf-doc.html

Andrew Carnegie 1 - http://www.americaslibrary.gov/aa/carnegie/aa_carnegie_subj_e.html


Chapter twenty four industry comes of age 1866 1900

Sources:

Locomotive 1 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?cdn:38:./temp/~ammem_xvxd::displayType=1:m856sd=ichicdn:m856sf=n084950:@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright

Oil Field 1 - http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10022278+X-22278

Charles Darwin 1 - http://www2.lucidcafe.com/lucidcafe/library/96feb/darwin.html

Herbert Spencer 1 - http://www.econlib.org/library/LFBooks/Spencer/Spencer.jpg

Monopoly pirates - http://www.history.ohio-state.edu/projects/uscartoons/gapecartoons/TrustsAsPirates.htm

Carnegie Trusts - http://www.authentichistory.com/images/postcivilwar/cartoons/189x_andrew_carnegie_01.html

Rockefeller Trust - http://www.history.ohio-state.edu/projects/uscartoons/verdict/ht/22Jan1900.htm

Roosevelt and the Trusts - http://search.eb.com/elections/pri/Q00121.html

PowerHouse Mechanic - http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/picturing_the_century/portfolios/port_hine.html#

Children Stringing Beans - http://www.archives.gov/digital_classroom/lessons/hine_photographs/images/stringing_beans.gif

Textile Worker 1 - http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/I?fsaall:17:./temp/~ammem_zIpI::displayType=1:m856sd=fsa:m856sf=8b20927:@@@mdb=manz,eaa,aaeo,aaodyssey,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright


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