Unit 3 the renaissance
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Unit 3: The Renaissance. 1450-1600. TIMELINE. 1450-1500 Botticelli, La Primavera (1477) Fall of Constantinople (1453) Gutenberg Bible (1456) Columbus Reaches the Americas (1492). 1500-1600 Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa (1503). 1500-1600 cont. Michelangelo, David (1504).

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Unit 3: The Renaissance

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Unit 3 the renaissance

Unit 3: The Renaissance

1450-1600


Timeline

TIMELINE

  • 1450-1500

    • Botticelli, La Primavera (1477)

    • Fall of Constantinople (1453)

    • Gutenberg Bible (1456)

    • Columbus Reaches the Americas (1492)


Unit 3 the renaissance

  • 1500-1600

    • Leonardo da Vinci,

      Mona Lisa (1503)


1500 1600 cont

1500-1600 cont.

  • Michelangelo,

    David (1504)


1500 1600 cont1

1500-1600 cont.

  • Raphael, School of Athens (1505)


Unit 3 the renaissance

1500-1600 cont.

  • Titian, Venus and the Lute Player (1570)


Unit 3 the renaissance

1500-1600 cont.

  • William Shakespeare,

    Romeo and Juliet

    (1596)

  • Martin Luther’s

    ninety-five theses,

    start of the Protestant Reformation (1517)

  • Council of Trent (1545-63)

  • Elizabeth I, Queen of England (1558-1603)

  • Spanish Armada defeated (1588)


Renaissance

“Renaissance”

  • 15th and 16th century Europe known as a “rebirth” or “renaissance” of human activity


Generalizations

GENERALIZATIONS

  • Exploration

    • Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Ferdinand Magellan

  • Individualism (“universal man”)

    • Leonardo da Vinci

      • Painter, sculptor, architect, engineer,

        scientist, musician


Unit 3 the renaissance

  • Humanism

    • The dominant intellectual movement

      • Focused on human life and its accomplishments

      • No concern with Heaven or Hell

      • Even though many were devout religious believers, they were captivated by the cultures of ancient Greece and Rome

      • Intoxicated with beauty of ancient languages – Greek and Latin – and with the literature of antiquity


Humanism cont

Humanism cont…

  • Painters and sculptors drawn to subjects from classical literature/mythology

  • Art highlighted depictions of the nude body

    • a favorite theme of antiquity, but an object of shame and concealment during Middle Ages. Medieval artists more concerned with religious symbols rather than lifelike representation

  • Art more concerned in realism

    • Linear persepective – geometrical system for creating an illusion of space and depth.

    • Example: Raphael’s School of Athens


Unit 3 the renaissance

Example of

Medieval art


Example of renaissance art

Example of Renaissance art

  • Raphael, School of Athens (1505)


Humanism cont1

Humanism cont…

  • Painters no longer treated the Virgin Mary as a childlike, unearthly creature—they showed her as a beautiful young woman


Unit 3 the renaissance

  • Catholic Church

    • Far less powerful, but the Christian church as a whole was still an important musical center

    • The unity of Christendom was exploded

      by the Protestant Reformation led by

      Martin Luther (1483-1546)

      • Aristocrats and upper middle class now

        considered education a status symbol;

        hired scholars to teach their kids

      • Church no longer monopolized learning


Unit 3 the renaissance

  • Technology

    • Invention of the movable type printing

      press by Gutenberg accelerated the

      speed of learning

    • Before, books were rare and extremely expensive

    • By 1500, 15-20 million copies of 40,000 editions had been printed in Europe


Chapter 1 music in the renaissance

Chapter 1: MUSIC IN THE RENAISSANCE

  • Idea of the “universal man”

    • Every educated person was expected to be musically trained.


Music in the ren cont

MUSIC IN THE REN., cont…

  • Musicians worked in churches, courts and towns

    • Churches

      • Church choirs grew

      • Polyphonic music was no longer performed by several soloists, but entire choirs


Music in the ren cont1

MUSIC IN THE REN., cont…

  • Courts (where most activity occurred)

    • Kings, princes, dukes competed for best composers

    • Courts had 10-60 musicians

    • Nobility often brought musicians along when traveling

    • Women employed in many Italian courts (late Renaissance)


Music in the ren cont2

MUSIC IN THE REN., cont…

  • Towns

    • Musicians played for civic processions, weddings, religious services

    • Higher status and pay than before

    • Composers started seeking credit for their work, unlike the anonymity of the Middle Ages.


Music in the ren cont3

MUSIC IN THE REN., cont…

  • Most leading

    musicians came

    from the Low

    Countries (Flanders)

  • Highly sought after,

    mostly in Italy, which became center of musical life


Characteristics of renaissance music

CHARACTERISTICS OF RENAISSANCE MUSIC

  • Words and Music

    • Vocal more important than instrumental

      • Why?

    • More connection between music and meaning/emotion of the text

      • “When one of the words expresses weeping, pain, heartbreak, sighs, tears and other similar things, let the harmony be full of sadness.” –Zarlino (Renaissance music theorist)


Characteristics cont

CHARACTERISTICS, cont…

  • Text Painting

    • Musical representation of specific poetic images.

    • How would you show:

      • “Running” “Descending from Heaven” “Death”

      • What are some other, less obvious ones?


Characteristics cont1

CHARACTERISTICS, cont…

  • Music still seems calm and restrained to us.

    • All the emotion and expression in Renaissance music is expressed in moderation, balance

      • No extreme dynamic contrast

      • Little tone color contrast

      • Little rhythmic contrast


Characteristics cont2

CHARACTERISTICS, cont…

  • What SHMRFT traits can you fill in so far?


Characteristics cont3

CHARACTERISTICS, cont…

  • Texture

    • Polyphonic

      • 4, 5, or 6 voices, nearly equal melodic interest

    • Imitation

      • Each voice presents the same melodic idea in turn (as in a round)

    • Some homophonic texture is used, especially in light music, dances


Characteristics cont4

CHARACTERISTICS, cont…

  • Fuller sound

    • Bass register used for first time, increasing number of octaves heard

    • Composers began to think in chords, in addition to individual melodic lines

      • In Middle Ages, entire melody lines thought up one at a time and then combined.

      • In Renaissance, melodies were thought up in relation to how they accompany each other

  • Mild, relaxed

    • Lots of stable, consonant chords, many triads

    • Very little dissonance


Characteristics cont5

CHARACTERISTICS, cont…

  • “Golden Age” of a cappella choral music

    • Little instrumental accompaniment

    • 2 Main uses for instruments

      1. To duplicate vocal lines to reinforce the sound

      2. Play the part of a missing singer

      Now what can you add to your SHMRFT traits?


Characteristics cont6

CHARACTERISTICS, cont…

  • Rhythm

    • Gentle flow, not sharply defined beat

      • Each melodic line held great rhythmic independence

      • Made it challenging to sing – each singer had to be independently strong


Characteristics cont7

CHARACTERISTICS, cont…

  • Melody

    • Melodies generally easy to sing

      • Moves stepwise, few large leaps

        And your SHMRFT traits now?


Listening to renaissance

LISTENING TO RENAISSANCE

  • Sicut Cervus

    • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina


Vocabulary review

VOCABULARY REVIEW

  • Renaissance

  • Individualism

  • “Universal man”

  • Humanism

  • Realism

  • Linear Perspective

  • Text Painting/Word Painting

  • Imitation

  • Consonance/Dissonance

  • A cappella


Unit iii presentations

Technology: Movable Type Printing Press, Gutenberg Bible

Kalyn

Julian

Blake

Jacob

Religion: Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation

Dominique

Phil

Alec

Bilal

Exploration: Columbus, da Gama, Magellan

Kieryn

Claire

Chris

Taimoor

Art: da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael

Emma

Aaron

Sami

Ryan

Literature: William Shakespeare

Anna

Andrew

Nathan

Nick

UNIT III PRESENTATIONS


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