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Hazard Communication. OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1910.1200. Introduction. The federal Hazard Communication Standard says that you have a “Right-To-Know” what hazards you face on the job and how to protect yourself against those hazards. That’s your Right-To-Know!. Purpose.

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Hazard Communication

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HazardCommunication

OSHA Standard

29 CFR 1910.1200


Introduction

  • The federal Hazard Communication Standard says that you have a “Right-To-Know” what hazards you face on the job and how to protect yourself against those hazards.

    That’s your Right-To-Know!


Purpose

  • The standard was developed to make sure that everyone who works with any hazardous chemical is aware of the hazards and the necessary precautions.


The Standard applies to

  • Chemical Manufacturers

  • Employers

  • Employees


Chemical Manufacturers

  • Must determine the physical and health hazards of the products they make and provide that information to users.


Employers - MSU

  • Must determine which workplace materials are hazardous and provide employees with the information, training, and equipment they need to protect themselves and others.


Employees

  • Must use their Right-to-Know knowledge to stay safe and healthy on the job.


Why learn about chemicals?

  • Chemicals have many valuable uses and are used often.

  • But many chemicals also have hazards that can present risks to health and safety when they’re used on the job.


Chemical Hazards

  • Health

  • Physical


Health Hazards

  • Acute Health Problems

    • symptoms show up immediately after exposure

  • Chronic Health Problems

    • problems develop gradually from prolonged or repeated exposure


Physical Hazards

  • Sudden release of pressure (explosion)

  • Flammable (catches fire easily)

  • Reactive (unstable chemicals)


Routes of Entry

  • Inhalation

  • Ingestion

  • Injection

  • Skin Contact or Absorption


4 Main Areas of Haz Com

  • Labeling

  • Material Safety Data Sheets

  • Written Program

  • Education and Training


Labeling

  • Every container of hazardous chemicals is labeled by the manufacturer.

  • Labels make it easy to find at a glance the chemical’s possible hazards and basic steps to take to protect yourself against those risks.


Parts of a Label

  • Identity

  • Name and Address of the Manufacturer

  • Physical Hazards

  • Health Hazards

  • Proper Storage and Handling


Parts of a Label

  • Blue - Health

  • Red – Flammability

  • Yellow – Reactivity

  • White – Protective Equipment and Other

  • Scale 0-4

    • 0 = no danger

    • 4 = highest danger


  • Pipes and piping systems do NOT require labels.

  • However, MSU must communicate the hazards of chemicals in unlabeled pipes to employees.


  • Before you move, handle or open a chemical container, READ THE LABEL and follow the instructions.


Material Safety Data Sheets

  • Detailed information sheet prepared by manufacturer or importer

  • Available for every hazardous chemical or substance

  • Contains information that:

    • Enables you to prepare for safe day-to-day use

    • Enables you to respond in emergencies


Contents of MSDS

  • Chemical name

  • Company information

  • Hazardous ingredients

  • Physical characteristics

  • Fire and explosion data

  • Health hazard data

  • Reactivity data

  • Special precautions

    • Safe handling practices

    • PPE

    • What to do in case of spills or leaks


Location of MSDS

  • In your work area

    • Your supervisor will inform you of the specific location

  • Office of Environmental Safety and Health


Written Program

  • MSU must have a written Hazard Communication Program

    • Inform employees about standard

    • Information and training on the Hazard Communication program

    • Must be available to all employees


Education & Training

  • MSU must provide employees with education and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area at the time of initial assignment, and whenever a new chemical hazard is introduced into the work area.


Summary

  • You have a right to know about the chemical hazards in your workplace.

  • And you have a duty to use that right to learn about and protect yourself from those hazards.


Questions & Quiz


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