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Hazard Communication. HAZCOM STANDARD OPERATIONS with HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS CHEMICAL HAZARDS HOW to DETECT HOW to PROTECT WRITTEN PROGRAM MSDS's LABELS. Hazard Determination All manufacturers and importers must determine the hazards of their chemicals. Written Program

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Hazard Communication

HAZCOM STANDARD

OPERATIONS with HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS

CHEMICAL HAZARDS

HOW to DETECT

HOW to PROTECT

WRITTEN PROGRAM

MSDS's

LABELS


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Hazard Determination

All manufacturers and importers must

determine the hazards of their chemicals

Written Program

How This Employer will inform

you about chemical hazards

In the Yellow and Black MSDS binders


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MSDS’s

Must be immediately available for all chemicals

Labels

All containers (with few exceptions) must be labeled

Training

Formal training (like now)

Informal training (every day)


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Beralcast Beryllium

Shell Construction Crystalline Silica

Degreasing Solvents

Battery Charging Sulfuric Acid

Hydrogen Gas

Disinfection, Laundry Clorox Bleach

List all operations that use chemicals

List All Chemicals Used

Discuss with Supervisor and Co-Workers


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CHEMICAL HAZARDS

ALL CHEMICALS ARE HAZARDOUS

  • Beryllium Sensitizer - Chronic Beryllium Disease (CBD) - A Fibrosis

  • Silica Silicosis - A Fibrosis

  • Clorox Bleach Caustic - Strong Base, Dermatitis

  • Sulfuric Acid Irritant - eye, nose, throat, skin

  • Cumulative Lung Damage

  • Hydrophilic - Heats with water added

You can find many more hazards in the MSDS's


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HOW to DETECT

Detector tubes

Direct Reading Instruments

Personal and Area Air Sampling

  • Sulfuric Acid Colorless to Brown Oily Liquid

  • Burning in Nose and Eyes

  • Clorox Bleach Smells Like a Swimming Pool

Again - Refer to the MSDS's for more information


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HOW to PROTECT

  • Respirators - Protect only against rated chemicals

  • Concentration you breath = Concentration in air

    • Protection Factor

  • Protective Clothing - Gloves, Aprons, Boots, etc.

  • No material protects against all chemicals

  • Chemicals eventually break through any protective material


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    HOW to PROTECT

    • Alcohol Natural Rubber or Neoprene

  • Gasoline Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)

  • Sulfuric Acid Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

  • Other Personal Protective Equipment

  • Splash Goggles, Face Shields

  • Safety Glasses not for chemical splashes

  • Bonding and Grounding protects against sparks

  • Some chemicals require ventilated areas


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    WRITTEN PROGRAM

    Describes how This Employer gets information to YOU

    In the Yellow and Black MSDS Binders

    The plan includes

    Training before assignment near chemicals

    Training whenever new hazards are introduced

    Annual refresher training

    Continual, daily informal training


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    WRITTEN PROGRAM

    • Annual review to insure all chemicals are on list

    • Annual review to insure all chemicals have MSDS's

  • Monthly inspections to insure all containers are labeled

  • Available to you or your representatives for copying


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    MSDS's

    Material Safety Data Sheets are in yellow and black binders

    Also available on-line at SIRI Vermont

    MSDS's contain:

    emergency information - first aid directions

    health, fire, reactivity hazards

    protective measures –

    ventilation, gloves, splash goggles

    Much, Much More


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    LABELS

    • Do not deface or remove manufacturer's labels

    • All other containers must have:

      • 1. Name of the product (as on the source container)

      • 2. Health and safety hazards (may use HMIS)

  • Names on labels same as on MSDS’s

  • Names on the chemical list same as labels


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    LABELS

    • NFPA 704 - Hazard Diamond

      • Red - Fire, Flammability

      • Blue - Health Hazard

      • Yellow - Reactivity

  • White area shows fire fighting information

    • Higher the Number, GREATER the Hazard


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    LABELS

    • HMIS

    • Hazardous Materials Information System

      • Red - Fire, Flammability

      • Blue - Health Hazard

      • Yellow - Reactivity

      • White - PPE

  • Pictogram represents required PPE

  • Higher the Number, GREATER the Hazard



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