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The French and Indian War. 1756-1763. French Presence in N.America. Began settling in the 1500’s Thriving trade with Natives Tried to convert Natives to Catholicism. History of British and French Conflict . King William’s War (1689-1697) England v. Holland and France

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Presentation Transcript
french presence in n america
French Presence in N.America
  • Began settling in the 1500’s
  • Thriving trade with Natives
  • Tried to convert Natives to Catholicism
history of british and french conflict
History of British and French Conflict
  • King William’s War (1689-1697)
    • England v. Holland and France
  • Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713)
    • England, Austria, Holland v. France, Spain
  • King George’s War (1744-1748)
    • England, Austria v. France, Prussia
  • French and Indian War (1754-1763)
    • England, colonists v. France and Spain
british and french clash 1754
British and French Clash--1754
  • French and British both claimed land in the Ohio River Valley
  • Fr. Built Ft. Duquesne
  • British claimed that land and build Ft. Necessity in response
french and indian war begins
French and Indian War Begins
  • Led by George Washington, the colonists attacked the French but were forced to surrender.
  • The French and Indian war formally declared in 1756!

British and the colonists

The French and Indians

VS.

british and colonists struggle in the beginning
British and Colonists Struggle in the Beginning…
  • Battle techniques
  • Tension between British and colonists
  • French won many battles at the beginning of the war
turning point
Turning Point?
  • 1757  William Pitt Becomes Foreign Minister
    • He understood colonial concerns
    • He offered them a compromise:
      • If colonists cooperate loyally and militarily, then Britain would reimburse them for their costs

RESULTS? Colonial morale increased by 1758

1758 1761 the tide turns for england
1758-1761  The Tide Turns for England

*By 1761, Sp. has become an ally of Fr.

1763 treaty of paris
1763—Treaty of Paris

France --> lost her Canadian possessions, most of her empire in India, and claims to lands east of the Mississippi River.

Spain -->got all French lands west of the Mississippi River, New Orleans, but lost Florida to England.

England -->got all French lands in Canada, exclusive rights to Caribbean slave trade, and commercial dominance in India.

effects of the war on britain
Effects of the War on Britain:
  • Colonial empire in America is increased.
  • Britain burdened with massive debt
  • Many people in Britain still bitter toward the colonists

**England felt that a major reorganization of her American Empire was necessary!**

effects of the war on the colonists
Effects of the War on the Colonists:
  • United them against a common enemy for the first time
  • Created a socializing experience for all the colonists involved
  • Created bitter feelings against the British that would only intensify
  • Tensions with the Natives along the frontier
problems with the natives
Problems With the Natives:
  • Natives concerned about losing valuable hunting land in the Ohio River Valley
  • Attacked and captured 8 British forts in the Ohio River valley
  • In response, British sent small-pox infected blankets during “peace” negotiations

Chief Pontiac

by 1763 colonists were angry why
By 1763, Colonists were Angry! Why?
  • Proclamation Line of 1763 halted expansion
  • British were cracking down on smuggling
    • “writs of assistance” allowed the authorities to search any ship or building suspected of holding smuggled goods
  • 10,000 British troops stationed in the colonies to “control the natives”---who pays for it?
  • British passed the Sugar Act
    • Tax on molasses cut in half
    • Strengthened enforcement of the law
      • Trials held in Nova Scotia!
sugar act
Sugar Act
  • Cut tax on molasses by ½
    • To discourage smuggling
  • Beefed up enforcement of smuggling
    • Writs of Assistance
    • Trials for smuggling moved to Nova Scotia
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