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Objective. Bacteriology Vocabulary Vocabulary Game Work on RUBRIC. 1. Expectations. Attendance Respect and Communication Attention Feedback Cell Phones . 3. Chlorine Bleach Solutions.

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Bacteriology Vocabulary

Vocabulary Game

Work on RUBRIC



  • Attendance

  • Respect and Communication

  • Attention

  • Feedback

  • Cell Phones


Chlorine Bleach Solutions

A chemical used to destroy bacteria and to disinfect implements and hard non-porous surfaces; solution should be mixed fresh at least once per day.


Clean or Cleansing

  • Wash with liquid soap and water, detergent, antiseptics, or other adequate methods to remove all visible debris or residue


Disinfect or Disinfection

  • The use of chemicals to destroy pathogens on implements and other hard, non-porous surfaces to render an item safe for handling, use, and disposal.



  • An EPA-registered bactericidal, fungicidal, and virucidal disinfectant used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions: A chlorine bleach solution consisting of ¾ cup of 5.25% per gallon of water; or an Isopropyl alcohol used at a concentration of at least 70% and ethyl alcohol used at a concentration of at least 90%.


EPA – Registered bactericidal, fungicidal, or virucidal disinfectant

  • When used accordingly to manufacturer’s instructions, a chemical that is a low-level disinfectant used to destroy bacteria and to disinfect implements and hard, non-porous surfaces.


Isopropyl or Ethyl Alcohol

  • Used at a concentration of at least 70% or 90% are two chemicals that are a low-level disinfectant used to destroy bacteria and to disinfect implements.


Multi-Use Items

  • Item constructed of hard materials such as metal, glass, or plastic typically for use on more than one client. The term includes but is not limited to such items as clippers, scissors, combs, nippers, and some nail files.


Single-Use Items

  • Porous items made or constructed of cloth, wood, or other absorbent materials having rough surfaces usually intended for single use including, but not limited to items as tissues, orangewood sticks, cotton balls, some buffer blocks, and tissues


Sterilize or Sterilization

  • To make free from live bacteria or other micro-organisms by use of an autoclave, dry heat, or ultra-violet light.


Sanitation by Definition

  • The hygienic means of preventing human contact from the hazards and wastes to promote health

  • The control of environmental factors that form links in disease transmission




  • One-cell plants

  • Live on our skin, bodies, clothing, work surfaces – everywhere!



  • Do not contain chlorophyll – the substance that makes plants green

  • 2,000 species of bacteria

  • Shape – marble (coccus), rod, spiral

  • Reproduction – binary fission, 12 – 15 minutes

  • Smart - spores



  • No nucleus – membrane bound

  • Pathogenic Bacteria – cause infectious diseases: cholera, syphilis, anthrax, leprosy, and bubonic plague

  • Most Common Bacteria for Hair Stylist:


    Tuberculosis kills 2 million people each year!



  • Diverse group of living organisms

  • Cause many skin rashes

  • Contagious and easily transmitted



  • Macro Fungus – mushrooms

  • Micro Fungus – yeasts and molds

  • Commonly found in bread, beer, wine, cheese, alcohol and soy sauce

  • Fungal Infections stem from yeast infections

  • Reproduction – spore form



  • Feed off another organism to live

  • Most common in the salon is head lice

  • Ticks are also common


Head Lice

  • Parasites that live in human hair

  • Hatch from eggs (nits)

  • Multiply fast!


How does someone get head lice?

  • Borrowed combs or brushes

  • Borrowed hats, scarves, ribbons, and other head coverings

  • Sharing towels or pillowcases

  • Even stray hair that has nits can transmit head lice.


Signs to look for . . .

  • Persistent itching

  • Infected scratch marks

  • Rash on scalp

  • Nits attached to individual hairs


Can we diagnose head lice?


What do we do if we suspect a customer has head lice?

  • Stop the service immediately

  • Be discrete and confidential

  • Inform the customer of what we suspect

  • Refer them to a doctor



  • Parasites—invade cells

  • Cause common diseases

  • Can be transmitted from person to person

  • Can be transmitted through blood and other bodily fluids



  • Smallest form of living matter

  • 10 billion bacteria on a head of a dime?

  • One bacteria looks like a 100-story building in comparison the virus would be a grain of sand

  • Viral particles need something to spread – dust particle, bacterial cell, droplet of saliva, or inanimate object


What are blood bourne pathogens?

Micro-organisms (viruses) that can be carried in human blood and body fluids and cause serious diseases


Salon Situations for Exposure

  • If we nick or cut a customer

  • If a co-worker is nicked or cut and we help clean their wound


How does a blood bourne pathogen infection occur?

The disease-carrying pathogen must enter the body through:

  • Mucous Membranes – eyes, nose, mouth

  • Cut or sore on your skin

  • Wound from a contaminated object


Three Most Common Blood Bourne Diseases

  • HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

  • HBV: Hepatitis B Virus

  • HCV: Hepatitis C Virus


How do we protect ourselves?



How to use PPE . . .

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • Use Universal Precautions

  • Single-use latex gloves

  • Leather or other protective gloves

  • Eye protection

  • Masks

  • Gowns or protective clothing

  • CPR masks


Clean-up procedures?

  • Wear PPE

  • Use 1:10 Chlorine Beach Solution OR

  • Use EPA

    • Clean the following

      • All work and environmental surfaces

      • All equipment

      • Anything that has been potentially contaminated

      • Use tongs, forceps, or a brush and dust pan to pick up any broken glass


How to dispose of regulated waste . . .

Regulated waste includes liquid or semi liquid blood and other potentially infectious material along with other contaminated items.

Dispose of regulated waste by placing it in a closeable biohazard or red-colored container.


What is the best way to protect yourself from exposure?


What are Universal Precautions?

Assume all human blood and body fluids are infectious!


Nicks and Cuts


Cleaning and Disinfecting?

  • Cleaning is the process of removing an undesirable substance from he surface of something

  • Disinfecting is the process of killing specific microorganisms using chemical materials

  • You can clean without disinfecting, however, you cannot disinfect without cleaning


Personal Hygiene

  • Wash hands with soap and water.

  • Use a liquid handsanitizer.


Equipment (tools, implements, and supplies)

  • Before use on each customer, all equipment must be clean and disinfected.

  • Capes must be kept clean.

  • Single-use equipment must be discarded after use on each customer.A neckstrip would be an example.

  • If a neckstrip is used, one cape may be used for several customers as long as it remains clean.

  • Electrical equipment that cannot be immersed in liquid must be wiped clean and disinfected between each customer.

  • A clean towel must be used for each customer.


Cleaning and Storage Requirements

  • All tools such as sectioning clips, brushes, comb and picks should be manually scrubbed with soap and water and then disinfected.

  • All clean and disinfected implements should be stored in a clean, dry, debris-free environment when not in use.

  • Must be stored separately from soiled implements and materials.


Disinfectant Requirements

All equipment is to be wiped with a clean paper or fabric towel and/or sprayed with:

  • EPA-registered bactericidal, fungicidal, and virucidal disinfectant, or

  • Isopropyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol, or

  • High-level disinfectant chlorine bleach solution.



  • The chairs and dryers DO NOT need to be disinfected between customers.

  • Hair must be swept and put in a closed receptacle between each haircut.



  • Shampoobowls must be disinfected between customers.

  • The salon floor must be thoroughly cleaned each day.

  • All trash containers need to be emptieddaily and kept clean by washing or using plastic liners.


Disinfect Items

  • Disinfect items and areas that the customer may have been in contact with.

  • Use an EPA registered disinfectant in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

  • Anything made of cloth should be washed in very hotwater and dried in the hottest cycle of the dryer for at least 20 minutes.

  • Brushes and combs should be disinfected immediately.

  • Head lice can live for about 48 hours away from the host, and nits can survive for up to two weeks.



  • Regulation (Law) of Cosmetology

  • www.license.state.tx.us/cosmet/cosmetlaw.htm


1. Definition of Cosmetology

  • Answer found on Page 1

  • The practice of performing or offering to perform for compensation any of the following services


2. Under the cosmetology definition how many different areas are there in which it is explained how we may perform out services?

  • Answer found on page 1-2

  • 11


3. Under the cosmetology definition #1, which bullet point discusses a service being charged separately from any other service?

  • Answer found on page 1

  • C – Cutting the person’s hair as a separate and independent service for which a charge is directly or indirectly made separately from charges for any other service


4. How many members serve on the advisory board?

  • Answer found on page 3

  • 5


5. What are the duties of the Advisory Board?

  • Answer found on page 3

  • The board shall advise the commission and the department on, education and curricula for application, the content of examinations, proposed rules and standards on technical issues related to cosmetology, other issues

  • The board shall respond to questions from the department and commission regarding cosmetology


What are the requirements of a person to be eligible to hold a Cosmetology License?

  • Answer found on page 4 (b)

  • Be at least 17, have a high school diploma or equivalent.

  • Completed 1500 hours of instruction in a licensed cosmetology school, or 1000 hours in beauty culture courses and 500 hours of related high school courses in a Public School


7. What section discusses the salon license?

  • Answer found on page 7

  • 1602.302

  • (a) A person holding a beauty shop license may maintain an establishment in which any practice of cosmetology is performed

  • (b) An application for a beauty shop license must be accompanied by the required inspection fee and:

    • (1) be on a form prescribed by the department

    • (2) contain proof of the particular requisites for a beauty shop established by the commission; and

    • (3) be verified by the applicant

  • (c) The applicant is entitled to a beauty shop license if:

    • (a) the application complies with commission rules;

    • (b) the applicant pays the required license fee; and

    • (c) the applicant has not committed an act that constitutes a ground for denial of a license


8. When does a license expire?

  • Answer found on page 9

  • Second anniversary of the date of the license


9. What are the requirements for First Renewal of License?

  • Answer found on page 10

  • Hold a high school diploma of equivalent


10. What type of program is mandatory for all license renewals?

  • Answer found on page 10

  • Continuing Education


11. Where must your license be displayed?

  • Answer found on page 11

  • On the person’s place of business or employment



  • Cosmetologists Administrative Rules for Texas

  • www.license.state.tx.us/cosmet/cosmetrules.htm


1. Listed in Section 83.10 Definitions; record the meanings of the “words and terms” listed below:

  • A) Cosmetology Establishment

    • Answer found on page 1R

    • A beauty salon, specialty salon, dual shop, mobile shop, or beauty culture school, public or private, that is subject to regulation under the Act


  • (B) Law and Rules Book

    • Answer found on page 1R

    • Texas occupations Code, Chapters 1602 and 1603, and 16 Texas Administrative Code, Chapter 83

  • (C) License

    • Answer found on page 1R

    • A department-issued permit, certificate, approval, registration, or other similar permission required by law


  • (D) License by reciprocity

    • Answer found on page 2R

    • A person that permits a cosmetology license holder from another jurisdiction or foreign country to obtain a Texas cosmetology license without repeating cosmetology education or examination license


2. To be eligible for an operator license, an applicant must:

  • Answer found on page 2R

  • Submit a completed application on a department-approval form, pay fee required, be at least 17 years old, have obtained a high school diploma or equivalent


3. How many hours must be completed in order to obtain a license in Texas?

  • Answer found on page 3R

  • 1500


4. What requirements must a salon have to obtain a salon license?

  • Answer found on page 5R section 83.22

  • Obtain the current law and regulation book, comply with the requirements of the Act and this chapter, submit a completed application on a department-approved form, pay the fee required, and for a booth rental license, hold an active department-issued cosmetology license


Under Section 83.25 License Requirements—Continuing Education: How many hours are needed to renew an Operation License that expires on or after September 1, 2008?

  • Answer found on page 7R

  • 6 hours


6. What must these hours cover?

  • Answer found on page 7R

  • 2 hours of Sanitation

  • 2 hours of Act and 16 Texas Administrative Code, Chapter 83, addressing topics other than Sanitation

  • 2 hours in any topics listed in subsection (j)


7. How often must Continuing Education course be taken?

  • Answer found on page 8R

  • Every two years


8. What are the requirements for license renewal?

  • Answer found on page 8R, Section 83.26

  • Comply with application requirements of the Act and this chapter, submit a completed on a department-approved form and pay the applicable fee required, in addition must complete the continuing education requirements


9. Can a late renewal perform any act of cosmetology under this chapter while they are waiting for their license?

  • Answer found on page 9R, Section 83.27 (d)

  • NO


10. Under License terms section 83.31 licenses have a term of how long?

  • Answer found on page 10R

  • 2 years


11. How often are cosmetology General Inspections on establishment/salon conducted?

  • Answer found on page 13R

  • Periodically, according to a risk based schedule, result of a complaint


12. What are three areas they inspect for?

  • Answer found on page 13R (a)

  • Public safety

  • Licensing

  • Sanitation


13. When are normal inspections performed?

  • Answer found on page 13R (b)

  • Normal business hours


14. How often is Periodic Inspection performed?

  • Answer found on page 14R Section 83.52 (a)

  • At least once every 2 years


15. Based on any violations reported, what type of schedule will the inspections be moved into?

  • Answer found on page 14R (e)

  • “Risk-Based”


16. The department has established a criteria and frequencies for inspections, what tier is serious or repeated violations relating to unlicensed practice and how often will the inspection be performed?

  • Answer found on page14 R

  • Tier 2 and twice a year


17. The department has established a criteria and frequencies for inspections, what tier are repeated, serious violations of sanitation rules that pose a threat for the spread of infectious disease, and how often will the inspection be performed?

  • Answer found on page 15R

  • Tier 3 and 4 times a year


18. How will a salon be moved from the risk-based inspection schedule to a periodic schedule inspection?

  • Answer found on page 15R

  • Have no significant violations on 4 consecutive inspections


19. When corrective modifications to achieve compliance are required, how many days after receiving the list of required corrective modifications does the owner have to comply?

  • Answer found on page 15R Section 83.54

  • Within 10 days


20. Under section 83.80 what are the application fees for Operator License?

  • Answer found on page 25R

  • $53.00


21. Under the same section; what are the renewal fee for Operator License?

  • Answer found on page 25R

  • $53.00


22. What is the fee for a Risk-based Inspection of establishments?

  • Answer found on page 26R

  • $150.00


23. Can fumigants such as formalin (formaldehyde) tablets or liquids be used?

  • Answer found on page 34R

  • NO!


24. Can food be served in the salon?

  • Answer found on page 35R

  • NO!


25. What type of animals may be in the salon?

  • Answer found on page 35R

  • Those providing assistance, and covered fish tanks as ling as they are kept in a sanitary condition


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