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The Conservative Revolution. Ch. 26, Sec. 1, 2. Roots of Revolution. Conservative Republican movement grew dramatically with Reagan’s election. Movement saw beginnings during ___________________. Conservatives opposed much New Deal regulation, as it increased size, scope, & power of gov’t .

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The conservative revolution

The Conservative Revolution

Ch. 26, Sec. 1, 2

Roots of revolution
Roots of Revolution

  • Conservative Republican movement grew dramatically with Reagan’s election.

    • Movement saw beginnings during ___________________.

  • Conservatives opposed much New Deal regulation, as it increased size, scope, & power of gov’t.

    • Said US couldn’t afford huge federal spending & budget deficits.

  • 1934-conservatives formed _____________________.

    • Pushed respect for _______________________________, importance of _______________________ (do it yourself).

    • FDR’s Court Packing Plan helped form coalition to oppose New Deal legislation.

  • Under FDR & Truman, Democrats controlled White House for ______________-.

  • 1952-Ike elected, practiced “________________ ____________________________”.

    • Accepted basic outline of New Deal, did not cut down size of gov’t.

    • Grew size of gov’t with creation of _______________ ___________________________________.

  • 1964-Republican ________________________ ran against LBJ.

    • Opposed gov’t activism (including social security), federal civil rights laws, antipoverty program; promoted military buildup to oppose USSR.

    • Many NE Republicans felt Goldwater _____________.

    • Lost by huge margin to LBJ.

    • Goldwater strongly supported by Southerners.

      • Showed that conservative Southern Democrats might cross over to Republican Party.

  • Conservatives shut down during LBJ’s Great Society programs.

  • 1968-Nixon elected, bringing Republicans back.

    • Opposed most _______________________________, billions in spending, wanted to cut.

      • Failed, Congress opposed cuts.

    • Again, gov’t grew with creation of _______________.

      • Many felt (rightly) that new programs interfered with private lives, property, business.

  • Conservatives didn’t like ___________________.

    • Sex- and drug-promoting rock music, use of illegal drugs, violent protests & riots (lack of law & order).

    • Opposed birth control pills, hated Roe v. Wade.

    • Many opposed women’s rights movement.

Reagan revolution
Reagan Revolution programs.

  • __________________ was a New Deal Democrat during Great Depression, saw FDR as a hero.

  • 1930s-40s-While in Hollywood, RR was active in ___________________________, movie union.

    • Was also active in exposing Communists in Hollywood; earned him death threats, shot at.

  • By 1950s, RR was conservative Republican.

    • Felt Democrats letting gov’t get too big, too soft on Communism.

  • 1950s-joined _______________, hosted tv show, gave speeches across US praising ____________ ____________________________, attacked gov’t regulation, Communism.

  • 1966-RR elected _______________________, later reelected. programs.

    • Cut back social programs, limited state spending, slight tax increase eliminated CA budget deficits.

    • Strongly opposed to ________________________ ___________ on college campuses; used National Guard to keep order at UC Berkeley.

  • 1976-RR ran against _____________________ for Republican nomination, barely lost.

    • Speeches energized Republicans, made RR household name.

  • Late 1970s-conservative groups formed programs._____ __________ coalition.

    • Wanted _________________, less regulation & taxes, cutting social programs, return to more traditional _______________________.

    • New right strongly backed RR in 1980.

  • 1980-RR ran against Carter.

    • RR very funny, witty, had simple message, “____ _______________________________________”.

    • Made fun of Carter’s ideas, policies.

      • “A recession is when your neighbor loses his job, A depression is when you lose yours. A recovery is when Jimmy Carter loses his.”

      • When Carter started in on US’ problems-”There you go again.”

Reagan s first term
Reagan’s First Term states to Carter’s 6.

  • Three main goals: ______________________ _____________________________________ _______________________________________

    • When sworn in, went right to work.

  • Economic program called “_________________”.

    • Focused on “_____________________________”.

      • Cutting taxes, especially on job-creators, would encourage business growth, more money in pockets.

  • 1981-passed 5% tax cut.

  • 1982-1983-2 10% tax cuts.

  • 1986-Huge tax reform bill cut taxes at all levels, closed loopholes so all had to pay their share.

  • RR also began major program of _____________. states to Carter’s 6.

    • Continued & expanded Carter’s energy & transportation deregulation.

    • Cut budgets of most gov’t regulatory agencies (ex-EPA).

  • RR argued that the more businesses had to spend to meet ________________, the less money they could spend to grow their businesses, hire employees.

  • RR also challenged _______________.

    • 1981-______________________________________ __________________________ struck for higher pay.

    • RR gave the 13,000 strikers 2 days to return to work.

      • Most didn’t, RR fired them; unions don’t have right to disrupt vital services.

  • RR believed that success came from _______ _________________________.

    • Opposite of welfare system beliefs-gov’t should help those who can’t help themselves.

  • Felt gov’t was too ______________________ _______________, began cutting size of gov’t.

    • Cut public service jobs, reduced unemployment benefits, welfare benefits, reduced spending on food stamps.

  • Created ______________________ program.

    • Gov’t would not tell states how to use federal aid.

  • RR called USSR the “________________”, was determined to roll back Communism.

  • Spent $_____________ on military in 5 years.

    • Bought new missile systems, new bombers, new missile subs (boomers).

    • 1983-announced __________________________ ____________, known as ___________________.

      • Space-based missile defense shield to destroy incoming nukes.

      • Gov’t would began funding research.

  • USSR complained that US was being aggressive, called RR a “______________”.

  • US involved in other areas besides USSR under RR. roll back Communism.

  • ___________________ was in a civil war.

    • 1982-RR sent Marines into capital ___________ to keep peace.

    • October 1983-Truck bomb blew up Marine barracks, killed __________________________.

      • Americans demanded we pull out, did in Feb 1984.

  • Libya, run by ___________________, financed terror attacks on US & Israeli targets in Europe.

    • RR ordered airstrikes on Qadaffi in 1986, no more problems.

  • US also fought Communism in Americas. roll back Communism.

    • Paid ___________________ $1 million/day to help resist takeover by Communist guerrillas.

  • 1983-Military coup in ___________________ installed Communist-friendly gov’t.

    • RR sent in troops to protect medical school with US students, overthrew gov’t, oversaw free elections.

  • Right after he took office, US experienced worst recession since Great Depression.

    • Very brief, only lasted 1.5 years.

    • RR’s tax cuts quickly stimulated economy, ended recession, economy grew dramatically.

  • Even though RR promised reduced spending, balanced budget, no deficit, deficit grew during 1980s.

    • Due mainly to military spending, aid to countries resisting Communism.