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Chapter 3 Quiz. By: Mohammed Khezri & Sophia Baik. Definition #1. The result of a force distributed over an area is……. Definition #1. The result of a force distributed over an area is Pressure. Definition #2.

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Chapter 3 quiz

Chapter 3 Quiz

By: Mohammed Khezri

& Sophia Baik


Definition 1
Definition #1

  • The result of a force distributed over an area is……


Definition 11
Definition #1

  • The result of a force distributed over an area is Pressure.


Definition 2
Definition #2

  • The direct proportion of the volume of a gas to temperature (in kelvins) if the pressure and the number of particles are constant it is …….


Definition 21
Definition #2

  • The direct proportion of the volume of a gas to temperature (in kelvins) if the pressure and the number of particles are constant is Charles’s Law.


Definition 3
Definition #3

  • The inverse variation of the volume of gas with its pressure if the temperature and the number of the particles are constant is...


Definition 31
Definition #3

  • The inverse variation of the volume of gas with its pressure if the temperature and the number of the particles are constant is Boyle’s Law.


Definition 4
Definition #4

  • A description of a change in which a system absorbs energy from its surroundings is …..


Definition 41
Definition #4

  • A description of a change in which a system absorbs energy from its surroundings is called endothermic.


Definition 5
Definition #5

  • The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from a solid to liquid is called…..


Definition 51
Definition #5

  • The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from a solid to liquid is called Heat of Fusion.


Definition 6
Definition #6

  • A description of a change in which a system releases energy to its surroundings is ….


Definition 61
Definition #6

  • A description of a change in which a system releases energy to its surroundings is Exothermic.


Definition 7
Definition #7

  • The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from a liquid to a gas is…


Definition 71
Definition #7

  • The energy a substance must absorb in order to change from a liquid to a gas is heat of vaporization.


Definition 8
Definition #8

  • The state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape or volume is…..


Definition 81
Definition #8

  • The state of matter in which a material has neither a definite shape or volume is gas.


Definition 9
Definition #9

  • The phase change in which a substance changes directly from a solid to a gas or vapor without changing to a liquid first is….


Definition 91
Definition #9

  • The phase change in which a substance changes directly from a solid to a gas or vapor without changing to a liquid first is vaporization.


Definition 10
Definition #10

  • The phase change in which a substance changes from a solid to a gas or vapor without changing to a liquid first is….


Definition 101
Definition #10

  • The phase change in which a substance changes from a solid to a gas or vapor without changing to a liquid first is sublimation.







Kinetic energy
Kinetic Energy

Kinetic Energy is energy an object has when its in motion.



Plasma
PLASMA gas?

Plasma is a state if matter in which atom have been stripped of their electrons.

It’s so hot on the sun that the liquid looking material is plasma.



Phase change
Phase Change gas?

Phase change is a physical change that occurs when one substance changes from a state of matter to another state of matter.



Evaporation
EVAPORATION. gas?

Evaporation is the process that changes a substance from a liquid to gas at the temperature of the liquids boiling point.



In the second flask the vapor pressure starts to form
In the second flask the vapor pressure starts to form. evaporating?

Vapor Pressure is the Pressure that is caused by the collisions of particles in a vapor with the walls of the container.



Condensation is when any gas turns into a liquid. evaporating?

The best example is when it rains. The clouds (which are gas) precipitate and the gas turns into liquid



Deposition
DEPOSITION. evaporating?

  • Deposition causes frost to form on windows;When the water vapor in the air comes in contact with cold window glass, the water vapor loses enough kinetic energy to change directly from a gas to a solid.



Absolute zero
ABSOLUTE ZERO. evaporating?


The six common phase changes are
The six common phase changes are: evaporating?

  • A) melting, freezing, vaporization, evaporation, condensation, deposition

  • B) melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, sublimation, deposition

  • C) melting, freezing, boiling, vaporization, condensation, sublimation

  • D) melting, freezing, condensation, sublimation, deposition, conductivity


The six common phase changes are1
The six common phase changes are: evaporating?

  • A) melting, freezing, vaporization, evaporation, condensation, deposition

  • B) melting, freezing, vaporization, condensation, sublimation, deposition

  • C) melting, freezing, boiling, vaporization, condensation, sublimation

  • D) melting, freezing, condensation, sublimation, deposition, conductivity


What are the factors that affect the pressure of an enclosed gas
What are the factors that affect the pressure of an enclosed gas?

  • A) its temperature, its mass, and size of its particles

  • B) its mass, its volume, and size of its particles

  • C) its temperature, its volume, and number of its particles

  • D) its mass, its volume, and number of particles


What are the factors that affect the pressure of an enclosed gas1
What are the factors that affect the pressure of an enclosed gas?

  • A) its temperature, its mass, and size of its particles

  • B) its mass, its volume, and size of its particles

  • C) its temperature, its volume, and number of its particles

  • D) its mass, its volume, and number of particles


Charles s law can be written as a mathematical expression of
Charles’s Law can be written as a mathematical expression of;

  • A) V1/T1=V2/T2

  • B) P1V1=P2V2

  • C) V1/V2=T1/T2

  • D) P1V2=P2V1


Charles s law can be written as a mathematical expression of1
Charles’s Law can be written as a mathematical expression of;

  • A) V1/T1=V2/T2

  • B) P1V1=P2V2

  • C) V1/V2=T1/T2

  • D) P1V2=P2V1


At extremely high temperatures matter exists as
At extremely high temperatures, matter exists as: of;

  • A) Gas

  • B) Vapor

  • C) Bose-Einstein Condensate

  • D) Plasma


At extremely high temperatures matter exists as1
At extremely high temperatures, matter exists as: of;

  • A) Gas

  • B) Vapor

  • C) Bose-Einstein Condensate

  • D) Plasma


Solids have a definite volume and shape because
Solids have a definite volume and shape because: of;

  • A) the particles vibrate around fixed locations

  • B) the particles don’t move at all

  • C) the particles are packed close together

  • D) the particles are arranged in random


Solids have a definite volume and shape because1
Solids have a definite volume and shape because: of;

  • A) the particles vibrate around fixed locations

  • B) the particles don’t move at all

  • C) the particles are packed close together

  • D) the particles are arranged in random


What causes the pressure in a closed container of gas
What causes the pressure in a closed container of gas? of;

  • A) The fast, vibrating motion of the particles of the gas

  • B) The collisions between particles of the gas and the walls of the container

  • C) The force with which the particles of the gas hit the walls of the container

  • D) The number of particles in the gas


What causes the pressure in a closed container of gas1
What causes the pressure in a closed container of gas? of;

  • A) The fast, vibrating motion of the particles of the gas

  • B) The collisions between particles of the gas and the walls of the container

  • C) The force with which the particles of the gas hit the walls of the container

  • D) The number of particles in the gas


During the phase change what does not change in an object
During the Phase Change what does NOT change in an object? of;

  • A) Temperature

  • B) Chemical Properties

  • C) Physical Properties

  • D) Corners


During the phase change what does not change in an object1
During the Phase Change what does NOT change in an object? of;

  • A) Temperature

  • B) Chemical Properties

  • C) Physical Properties

  • D) Corners


What becomes more orderly as water freezes
What becomes more orderly as water freezes? of;

  • A) Arrangement of Molecules

  • B) Arrangement of Oxygen

  • C) Arrangement of hydrogen

  • D) none of the above


What becomes more orderly as water freezes1
What becomes more orderly as water freezes? of;

  • A) Arrangement of Molecules

  • B) Arrangement of Oxygen

  • C) Arrangement of hydrogen

  • D) none of the above


Reducing the volume of a gas increases its pressure if the temperature of the gas and the number of particles are

  • A) Constant

  • B) Moving

  • C) Frozen

  • D) All of the above


Reducing the volume of a gas increases its pressure if the temperature of the gas and the number of particles are:

  • A) Constant

  • B) Moving

  • C) Frozen

  • D) All of the above


What states all particles of matter are in constant motion
What states all particles of matter are in constant motion? temperature of the gas and the number of particles are:

  • A) Charles’s Law

  • B) Boyle’s Law

  • C) Kinetic Theory

  • D) Newton’s Law


What states all particles of matter are in constant motion1
What states all particles of matter are in constant motion? temperature of the gas and the number of particles are:

  • A) Charles’s Law

  • B) Boyle’s Law

  • C) Kinetic Theory

  • D) Newton’s Law


The end a
THE END temperature of the gas and the number of particles are:A


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