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2 Eye Diseases I Hope You Never Experience (and 1 You Probably Will). Trachoma, Onchocerciasis, and Presbyopia. Which are you almost guaranteed to be afflicted by?. Trachoma, Onchocerciasis, and Presbyopia. Which are you almost guaranteed to be afflicted by?.

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Trachoma onchocerciasis and presbyopia

Trachoma, Onchocerciasis, and Presbyopia Probably Will)

Which are you almost guaranteed to be afflicted by?


Trachoma onchocerciasis and presbyopia1

Trachoma, Onchocerciasis, and Presbyopia Probably Will)

Which are you almost guaranteed to be afflicted by?


Trachoma onchocerciasis and presbyopia2

Trachoma, Onchocerciasis, and Presbyopia Probably Will)

Which are you almost guaranteed to be afflicted by?


Trachoma onchocerciasis and presbyopia3

Trachoma, Onchocerciasis, and Presbyopia Probably Will)

Which are you almost guaranteed to be afflicted by?


Sightfirst initiatives
SightFirst Initiatives Probably Will)

  • Project for Elimination of Avoidable Childhood Blindness

    • 35 centers around the world to deliver care to 100 million kids

  • Lions Eye Health Program

    • Community-based education program in the US and industrialized countries

  • River Blindness/Trachoma Control

  • SightFirst China Action Project

    • Over 5 million cataract surgeries performed in rural China and Tibet


Since 1980 sightfirst has
Since 1980, SightFirst has: Probably Will)

  • Awarded $232.5 million for 956 projects in 100 countries

  • Provided 7.6 million cataract surgeries

  • Prevented serious vision loss for 30 million

  • Improved eye care services for hundreds of millions

  • Provided 131 million treatments for river blindness

  • Built or expanded 300 eye hospitals/clinics/wards

  • Upgraded 372 eye centers with equipment

  • Provided management training for 115 facilities

  • Trained 345,000 ophthalmologists, ophthalmic nurses, other professional eye care workers and village health workers

  • Launched world's first-ever initiative to combat childhood blindness in partnership with the World Health Organization. The 35 pediatric eye care centers established or strengthened have impacted the lives of 100 million children


Trachoma onchocerciasis and presbyopia4

Trachoma, Onchocerciasis, and Presbyopia Probably Will)

Which are Lions helping to eradicate?


Trachoma
Trachoma Probably Will)

  • Is the leading cause of blindness from infection in the world today

  • 84 million people WW are infected (WHO)

  • 8 million are visually impaired

  • Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria

  • Primarily affects the world’s poor where hygiene and environmental factors proliferate the bacteria


How does it spread
How Does it Spread? Probably Will)

  • A bacterial infection that spreads among children and to their caregivers

  • Environment makes repeated infection likely

  • Disease causes discharge from the eye that easily infects others through incidental contact


What does trachoma do

Initially causes conjunctivitis with redness, swelling Probably Will)

With repeated re-infection, causes eyelid scarring and corneal damage

Ultimately causes the eyelashes to turn inward and severely damage the cornea

What Does Trachoma Do?


How is trachoma treated

Very Easily! (if caught early enough) Probably Will)

A single dose of Zithromax (donated by Pfizer) wipes out the infection

Surgery is needed to reconstruct the eyelid in advanced Trachoma

Severe corneal damage = permanent vision loss

How is Trachoma Treated?


How is trachoma prevented

Treat the active cases with antibiotic Probably Will)

Face washing to reduce disease transmission

Environmental changes to increase access to clean water and improved sanitation

How is Trachoma Prevented?


What lions are doing to help eradicate trachoma
What Lions Are Doing To Help Eradicate Trachoma? Probably Will)

  • Partnership with the Carter Center, Pfizer, WHO, and others to treat and educate

  • A comprehensive plan to eliminate the disease by 2020 has been created

  • In 2008, the 10 millionth dose of Zithromax was distributed

  • Projects in Ethiopia alone have received more than $7 million in funding


Onchocerciasis river blindness
Onchocerciasis (River Blindness) Probably Will)

  • Is the 2nd leading cause of blindness from infection in the world today

  • 18 million are infected

  • 300,000 are blind from the disease

  • Caused by parasitic worm transmitted by bite from black fly

  • Worm can live for 15 years in the human body



How is it treated prevented
How Is It Treated/Prevented? Probably Will)

  • A single annual dose of a drug manufactured and donated by Merck called Mectizan


What lions are doing to help eradicate river blindness
What Lions Are Doing To Help Eradicate River Blindness? Probably Will)

  • Partnership with the Carter Center to treat and educate

  • Supported more than 114 million treatments in Africa and Latin America

  • Work in 12 countries

  • Eradication targeted in Latin America by 2010



What causes presbyopia
What Causes Presbyopia? Probably Will)


One option
One Option… Probably Will)

Photo by Ben Ward, Flickr


Multi focal lens
Multi-focal Lens Probably Will)

RestorTM lens – Alcon Labs


Accommodating lens
Accommodating lens Probably Will)

CrystalensTM – B&L


Thank you

Thank You! Probably Will)


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