STATE JUDICIAL SYSTEMS AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE. Methods of Selecting State Judges. Partisan election Nonpartisan election (used in NC) Legislative election (used only in SC and VA)
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Most states have it (map, Dye and MacManus, p. 324); IL abolished it in 2011 and this is not reflected on that map
Now applicable only for murder by a mentally competent adult (no other crime merits capital punishment, perpetrator must be at least 18, not retarded, not insane) http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/number-executions-state-and-region-1976
McCleskey v. Kemp (1987): US Supreme Court ruled that a black inmate could not use statistical evidence of disparities in sentencing to contest his death sentence; he had to prove discriminatory intent in his own case (In GA at that time, black killer of white victim was 16 times more likely to receive the death penalty than vice vera)