Chapter 17:. The Foundations of Christian Society in Western Europe. The Germanic Successor States, c. 500 CE. Last Roman emperor deposed by Germanic Odoacer, 476 CE Administrative apparatus still in place, but cities lose population Germanic successor states: Spain: Visigoths
The Foundations of
in Western Europe
Romanesque church in Normandy
Charlemagne crowns Louis the Pious
The dissolution of the Carolingian Empire (843 CE – divided amongst Charlemagne’s grandchildren) and the invasions of early medieval Europe in the ninth and tenth centuries
A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty and military service.
Serfs at work
In the strictest definition of illuminated manuscript, only manuscripts with gold or silver would be considered illuminated.
St. Benedict by Fra Angelico, c. 1437-1446
Pope Gregory I, by Francisco de Zurbarán