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Notes. Simile. Comparing 2 things using like or as. Ex : Fred’s eyes are as blue as the sky on a cloudless winter morning. . Simile. Comparing 2 things using like or as. Ex : Fred’s eyes are like the sky on a cloudless winter morning. . Metaphor.

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slide2

Simile

Comparing 2 things using like or as

Ex: Fred’s eyes are as blue as the sky on a cloudless winter morning.

slide3

Simile

Comparing 2 things using like or as

Ex: Fred’s eyes are like the sky on a cloudless winter morning.

slide4

Metaphor

A direct comparison of two unlike things

Ex: That wave is a monster.

Fred’s eyes are an early morning sky.

slide5

Create your own:

Simile

Metaphor

A pencil is a(n)…

A dog is like/as…

slide6

Alliteration

The repetition of CONSONANT sounds in words that are close together.

Ex: “…all summer in the sound of the sea”

--Walt Whitman

slide7

ASSONANCE

The repetition of VOWEL sounds in words that are close together.

Ex:Try to light the fire.

slide9

Personification

Giving human qualities to non-human things

Ex: The darknessreached out to the campers.

Fred’s goldfishbegged for more friends.

The dayawoke in a splash of color.

slide10

Write a sentence using personification.

The wind...

The wind blew against the trunks, trying to hurl them into the raging, black waters of the Pacific.

slide12

Onomatopoeia

Words that sound like what they are

Tinkle

Smash

Burst

Screech

Clang

slide13

Hyperbole

An extreme exaggeration

Ex: I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!

My backpack weighs a ton.

Your teacher is so dumb, she took a ruler to bed to see how long she slept.

slide14

Symbolism

An object that stands for an idea.

Fairness

Justice

Balance of Power

Equality

slide15

Allusion

A reference, within a literary work, to something else such as: another work of fiction, a famous character a movie, a song, or an historic event.

slide16

Allusion

  • "The girl\'s love of sweets was her Achilles heel," referencing the warrior in Greek mythology, Achilles, who could only be harmed if something hit his heel
  • "I am afraid of spiders, but I\'m no Cowardly Lion!“ allusion to The Wizard of Oz
slide17

IMAGERY

Language that appeals to the senses.

slide18

Show; Not Tell

(How to write well and

keep your readers

interested)

slide19

Show; Not Tell

Use vivid verbs

scampered, bolted,

whispered, clutched

“Taboo” Verbs

(use them sparingly!!)

is are being

was were been

am be

slide20

Show; Not Tell

She was walking to the store.

She walked to the store.

She hurried to the store.

She strolled to the store.

She tottered to the store.

slide21

Show; Not Tell

Use specific nouns

dog…..terrier

student…eighth grader

building…monument

slide22

Show; Not Tell

Telling sentence:

It was very dark outside.

slide23

Show; Not Tell

Elizabeth, Ali, and Carol spent last Friday night over Amy’s house. At midnight they decided to grab some flashlights and play tag. Ali opened the front door. It creaked ominously. The four girls huddled together and peered past the safety of the entrance.

slide24

A collective shudder ran through the group. It was as if the house balanced upon a bottomless pit. Carol whispered, “Flashlights.” Four laser-like beamsentered the blackness. Useless. The light barely pierced the doorway before it was eaten and swallowed by the night. Wordlessly, each girl switched off her flashlight and stepped slowly away from the door.

slide25

Now you will create a very short story.

Choose a picture as inspiration.

Your story must be an example of

SHOW NOT TELL

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