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Notes. Simile. Comparing 2 things using like or as. Ex : Fred’s eyes are as blue as the sky on a cloudless winter morning. . Simile. Comparing 2 things using like or as. Ex : Fred’s eyes are like the sky on a cloudless winter morning. . Metaphor.

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Notes

Notes


Notes

Simile

Comparing 2 things using like or as

Ex: Fred’s eyes are as blue as the sky on a cloudless winter morning.


Notes

Simile

Comparing 2 things using like or as

Ex: Fred’s eyes are like the sky on a cloudless winter morning.


Notes

Metaphor

A direct comparison of two unlike things

Ex:That wave is a monster.

Fred’s eyes are an early morning sky.


Notes

Create your own:

Simile

Metaphor

A pencil is a(n)…

A dog is like/as…


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Alliteration

The repetition of CONSONANT sounds in words that are close together.

Ex: “…all summer in the sound of the sea”

--Walt Whitman


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ASSONANCE

The repetition of VOWEL sounds in words that are close together.

Ex:Try to light the fire.


Notes

Write a sentence for this picture using either alliteration or assonance (or both!):


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Personification

Giving human qualities to non-human things

Ex: The darknessreached out to the campers.

Fred’s goldfishbegged for more friends.

The dayawoke in a splash of color.


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Write a sentence using personification.

The wind...

The wind blew against the trunks, trying to hurl them into the raging, black waters of the Pacific.


Notes1

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Onomatopoeia

Words that sound like what they are

Tinkle

Smash

Burst

Screech

Clang


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Hyperbole

An extreme exaggeration

Ex: I’m so hungry I could eat a horse!

My backpack weighs a ton.

Your teacher is so dumb, she took a ruler to bed to see how long she slept.


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Symbolism

An object that stands for an idea.

Fairness

Justice

Balance of Power

Equality


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Allusion

A reference, within a literary work, to something else such as: another work of fiction, a famous character a movie, a song, or an historic event.


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Allusion

  • "The girl's love of sweets was her Achilles heel," referencing the warrior in Greek mythology, Achilles, who could only be harmed if something hit his heel

  • "I am afraid of spiders, but I'm no Cowardly Lion!“ allusion to The Wizard of Oz


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IMAGERY

Language that appeals to the senses.


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Show; Not Tell

(How to write well and

keep your readers

interested)


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Show; Not Tell

Use vivid verbs

scampered, bolted,

whispered, clutched

“Taboo” Verbs

(use them sparingly!!)

isarebeing

waswerebeen

ambe


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Show; Not Tell

She was walking to the store.

She walked to the store.

She hurried to the store.

She strolled to the store.

She tottered to the store.


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Show; Not Tell

Use specific nouns

dog…..terrier

student…eighth grader

building…monument


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Show; Not Tell

Telling sentence:

It was very dark outside.


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Show; Not Tell

Elizabeth, Ali, and Carol spent last Friday night over Amy’s house. At midnight they decided to grab some flashlights and play tag. Ali opened the front door. It creaked ominously. The four girls huddled together and peered past the safety of the entrance.


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A collective shudder ran through the group. It was as if the house balanced upon a bottomless pit. Carol whispered, “Flashlights.” Four laser-like beamsentered the blackness. Useless. The light barely pierced the doorway before it was eaten and swallowed by the night. Wordlessly, each girl switched off her flashlight and stepped slowly away from the door.


Notes

Now you will create a very short story.

Choose a picture as inspiration.

Your story must be an example of

SHOW NOT TELL


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