Being a historian
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Being a historian !. Honors World History First Global Age Primary Source Analysis. Olaudah Equiano. Author Who wrote the document? > Audience- Who is the document created for? > Subject What is the document about? > Form What kind (genre) of document? >

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Being a historian

Being a historian!

Honors World History

First Global Age

Primary Source Analysis


Olaudah equiano

OlaudahEquiano

  • Author Who wrote the document?

    >

  • Audience-Who is the document created for?

    >

  • Subject What is the document about?

    >

  • Form What kind (genre) of document?

    >

  • Purposes Why was it written?

OlaudahEquiano

Abolitionists of all races. Slaves and freed blacks.

Describes an experience, through the eyes of an imprisoned African, of the “middle passage” from Africa to the West Indies.

An excerpt from his autobiography written in 1789.

> To educate the reader on the “horrifying example of man’s inhumanity” to the Africans.

> To gain sympathy for slavery and create more abolitionists.


Olaudah equiano continued

OlaudahEquiano Continued

  • 7. Significance- Why do we care?

  • 6. Meaning-What does this source tell us about its author/audience/subject/historical context?

> It’s significant because this is firsthand account that allows the reader to see this dark period in the history of man through one of its victims.

>Author has experienced unbelievable horrors in his life. The confusion felt

> Audience is unaware of the crimes against man that are taking place. Empathy.

> It is also significant because it had a major effect on history. This, along with many other African/ African American slave accounts helped fan the flame of the Abolitionist movement.

> Subject elaborates on the personal emotions and feeling that imprisoned Africans might have experienced during their voyage.

> Historical Context Stirred Abolitionist movement.


Round 2

Round 2!

Do Indians Have Souls

The Idea of Conquest

Las Casas

Juan Gines de Sepulveda

  • Author Who wrote the document?

  • Author Who wrote the document?

Audience Who is the document created for?

  • Audience Who is the document created for?

  • Conquistadors, supporters of colonization

Intellectuals. The Spanish Royal family. Abolitionists of all races.

Subject What is the document about?

Subject What is the document about?.

The enslaving and treatment of Native Americans by the Spanish conquistadors.

The justification of colonization

Form What kind (genre) of document?

Form What kind (genre) of document?

Primary Source. Personal, first hand account.

Primary Source. Personal, first hand account.

Purposes Why was it written?

Purposes Why was it written?

To raise awareness and sympathy to aid in the attempt to stop colonization in the New World

To justify Spanish policies in the New World, specifically relating to natural law.


Conquest souls continued

Conquest/ Souls Continued

The Idea of Conquest

Do Indians Have Souls

  • Meanings What does this source tell us about its author/audience/subject/historical context?

  • Meanings What does this source tell us about its author/audience/subject/historical context?

That the author feels that it is human nature to conquer “weaker” less “perfect” people.

This mentality was adopted by many conquistadors.

*Ethnocentrism (summer assignment)

That Las Casas did not support colonization and appeals, respectfully, for those in power to take certain reasons into account.

Significance Why do we care?

  • Significance Why do we care?

Its effect on history.

Stirred the abolitionist movement and intellectual community.

Gave conquistadors another “reason” or “justification” for enslaving the natives.

Its effect on history.

Supported the abolitionist movement and stirred the intellectual community.


How is perspective everything

How is perspective everything?


Round 21

Round 2!

An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa

An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa

Alexander Falconbridge

  • Author Who wrote the document?

  • Alexander Falconbridge

  • Author Who wrote the document?

Audience Who is the document created for?

  • Audience Who is the document created for?

  • Intellectuals. Abolitionists of all races. Slaves and freed blacks.

  • Intellectuals, slave owners

Subject What is the document about?

Subject What is the document about?.

The acquisition and treatment of African slaves through African traders.

  • The living conditions, through the eyes of a white doctor, aboard a British slave ship in the late 1700’s

Form What kind (genre) of document?

Form What kind (genre) of document?

Primary Source. Personal, first hand account.

Primary Source. Personal, first hand account

Purposes Why was it written?

Purposes Why was it written?

To educate the reader on the acquisition of slaves through Africans and provide details of the practices, populations, and civil war of the West African Coast.

To educate the reader on the “horrifying example of man’s inhumanity” to the Africans.


Account continued

Account Continued

An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa

An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa

  • Meanings What does this source tell us about its author/audience/subject/historical context?

  • Meanings What does this source tell us about its author/audience/subject/historical context?

A medically trained specialist , after experiencing the medical trauma associated with the horrors of the middle passage, highlights personal observations, which supported the argument to end an inhumane process

As a trusted medical professional, the author had trust of those enslaved, as well as coworkers. This allowed him to give “both sides of the story” pertaining to significant events. (a unique perspective and a moral obligation to share it)

  • Significance Why do we care?

Significance Why do we care?

It’s significant because this is a firsthand account/ white crew member of a slave ship.

Its effect on history. Stirred the abolitionist movement and intellectual community.


How is perspective everything1

How is perspective everything?


Round 3

Round 3!

African Merchant Selling Slaves to a European

Europeans Buying Enslaved Africans

Unknown

Unknown

  • Author Who wrote the document?

  • Author Who wrote the document?

Audience Who is the document created for?

  • Audience Who is the document created for?

Intellectuals. Abolitionists of all races. Slaves and freed blacks.

  • Intellectuals. Abolitionists of all races. Slaves and freed blacks.

Subject What is the document about?

Subject What is the document about?.

The acquisition and treatment of African slaves through African traders.

The acquisition and treatment of African slaves through European traders.

Form What kind (genre) of document?

Form What kind (genre) of document?

Primary Source. Drawing/ sketch

Primary Source. Drawing/ Sketch

Purposes Why was it written?

Purposes Why was it written?

To provide a visual of the acquisition of slaves through Africans.

To provide a visual of the acquisition of slaves through Africans.


Visuals continued

Visuals Continued

Europeans Buying Enslaved Africans

African Merchant Selling Slaves to a European

  • Meanings What does this source tell us about its author/audience/subject/historical context?

  • Meanings What does this source tell us about its author/audience/subject/historical context?

This featured the often overlooked, or misunderstood practice of African acquisition and expansion of power at the expense of fellow Africans.

That the artist feels that enslavement is an injustice and also portrays as the Europeans, single handedly were kidnapping Africans.

Significance Why do we care?

  • Significance Why do we care?

Debunks the idea that Europeans were the only people to enslave Africans

Because this was one of the many primary sources that perpetuated the idea that Europeans were the only people to enslave Africans


How is perspective everything2

How is perspective everything?


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