Ch 8, Section 3 Segregation and Discrimination. What is a lynching ? A death-by-hanging of a person without legal trial, usually at the hands of an angry mob. Often, the lynching victim was a member of a minority group
Ch 8, Section 3Segregation and Discrimination
2. During the late-1800s and early 1900s, individuals from what group of people, on many occasions, were victims of lynching?
3. In the late 1800s, African-American journalist, Ida Wells reported persistently on what theme?
4. What is racial segregation?
5. What are some examples of how racial segregation manifested itself in the Southern States?
6. The 15th Amendment (passed in 1870) of the United States Constitution forbids voting restrictions on account of what?
7. Then how did the Southern States, by the late 1800s, find a way to restrict Black voting?
8. What were three ways in which Southern states restricted Black voter registration but ensured that most whites could register to vote?
9. What was a poll tax?
10. Why didn’t Blacks in the South just pay the poll tax?
11. What was a literacy test?
12. Why was the literacy test used to discriminate against potential Black voters?
13. But wait. Weren’t there many poor Southern whites who could not afford to pay the poll tax as well?
14. And…weren’t there many whites who could not read as well?
15. OK…Well, how did Southern States make it possible for most whites (whether rich or poor) to register to vote, while keeping almost all African-Americans unregistered?
16. Who benefited from the Grandfather Clause?
17. What was the Grandfather Clause?
18. In the South, especially Deep South States like Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Georgia, and South Carolina, how long were Blacks systematically kept from registering to vote?
19. In States like Alabama, what happened in November 1966?
20. At the same time that Southern Blacks were disenfranchised (the ability to vote being taken away), what other types of laws were passed in the South?
21. What are Jim Crow laws?
22. Basically “Jim Crow” was a synonym for what?
23. What did the 1896 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson declare to be legal?
24. When was Plessy v. Ferguson overturned by a U.S. Supreme Court?
25. Thus, for nearly 60 years, what remained legal in the United States (1896-1954)?
26. In addition to legally-required segregation in the South, what forms of informal discrimination did Southern Blacks face?
27. While Jim Crow Segregation was largely a southern practice, what type of Black-White relations existed outside the South in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
28. In 1900, what non-Southern city experienced a racially-oriented riot?
29. What is debt peonage?
30. In the American Southwest, what groups were sometimes victims of debt peonage in the late 1800s and early 1900s?