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concussions and headgear

Concussions and Headgear

Tyler Kohmetscher

definition
Definition
  • A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head or body, a fall, or another injury that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull
signs and symptoms
Signs and Symptoms
  • Thinking and remembering
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Not thinking clearly
    • Not being able to remember new information
    • Not being able to concentrate
  • Physical
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Headache
    • Sensitivity to light or noise
    • Feeling tired or having no energy
    • Dizziness
    • Balance problems
    • Nausea and vomiting
signs and symptoms cont
Signs and Symptoms (cont)
  • Emotional and mood
    • Sad
    • Easily upset or angered
    • More emotional
    • Nervous or anxious
  • Sleep
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Having a hard time falling asleep
factors affecting concussions bps model
Factors affecting Concussions BPS Model
  • Biological
    • Female
    • Child
  • Psychological
    • Having to “suck it up” for parents, coaches
    • Pressure to perform
  • Social
    • Relationships with parents or coaches
    • Live up to social gender roles
      • Males show no signs of weakness
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • ImPACT Test
    • Taken at beginning of year before beginning athletics
    • Baseline to test if you experienced concussion later
    • Memory, attention span, and reaction time
  • Physician
    • Check for attention span, memory and reaction time
headgear
Headgear
  • Became popular in the 2003 Women’s World Cup
  • Resembles an enlarged headband
  • Weighs less then 2 ounces
  • Covers forehead, temple, and occipital bone in the back of the head
stats for headgear
Stats for Headgear
  • In a population studied,
    • 47.8% had experienced symptoms of a concussion during the current soccer year.
    • 26.9% of athletes who wore headgear had concussions
    • 52.8% of those who did not wear headgear had concussions
    • More than one concussion was experienced by 50.0% of the concussed headgear athletes
    • 69.3% of the concussed No-head gear group had experience more than one concussion
pros and cons
Pros and Cons
  • Pros
    • Prevents concussions
    • Makes you more confident in playing harder
    • Not scare
  • Cons
    • Not comfortable
    • Makes you look not very “cool”
    • Can still suffer concussion whether wearing it or not
references
References
  • Concussion - WebMD: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention. (n.d.). WebMD - Better information. Better health. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview
  • Broglio, S., Yu, Y., Broglio, M., & Sell, T. (n.d.). The Efficacy of Soccer Headgear. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/P
references1
References
  • LONGMAN, J. (n.d.). The New York Times > Sports > Soccer > Soccer Headgear: Does It Do Any Good? The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com/2004/11/27/sports/soccer/27soccer.html?_r=2&
  • Sarafino, E. P., & Smith, T. W. (2012). Health psychology: biopsychosocial interactions (7th ed.). Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley.
references2
References
  • Concussion. (n.d.). MedicineNet. Retrieved December 12, 2013, from http://www.medicinenet.com/brain_concussion/page4.htm
  • Delaney, S., & Drummond, R. (2008). The effect of protective headgear on head injuries and concussions in adolescent football (soccer) players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(2), 110-115. Retrieved December 13, 2012, from the Academic Search Premier database.
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