Concussions. What is a concussion. Direct blows, Hard Falls, Blindside Hits, Poor Equipment, Improper Fitting Equipment, Environment Obstacles, Skill ability, Differences in Skill Level, Age or Size of Athletes, Indirect blows causing Whiplash… Poor Fitness. Causes of concussions. Whiplash .
Direct blows, Hard Falls, Blindside Hits, Poor Equipment, Improper Fitting Equipment, Environment Obstacles, Skill ability, Differences in Skill Level, Age or Size of Athletes, Indirect blows causing Whiplash…
The brain floats inside the skull. In whiplash the head snaps back and the frontal portion of the brain contacts the skull (red area) and causes swelling and concussion.
Symptoms may include some or all of the following depending on the severity:
Headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness, nausea, lethargy, memory loss, confusion or disorientation, vacant stare, lack of focus, ringing in ears, seeing flashing lights (stars), speech impairment, balance problems, vision difficulty…
You can have a concussion without losing consciousness!
Short term: on the severity:
Unconscious athlete must be taken to a hospital for assessment
Anyone suspected of having a concussion or showing symptoms of a concussion must not return to activity and needs medical attention
Athletes showing symptoms should be monitored (do not leave alone)
Record the circumstances of the injury in your med kit
Athletes with recurring symptoms must go to the hospital for
Long Term: on the severity:
Rest until all symptoms are gone. Gradual increase in activity before resuming full participation. Allow for 24 hours between steps, drop back a step if any symptoms re occur:
Complete rest until symptoms are gone , limit tv, reading and computer use
Low intensity exercise (walking, cycling, jog), if no symptoms proceed to
Moderate intensity, sport specific drill without contact, if no symptoms proceed to
Regular practice with controlled body contact as needed, if no symptoms proceed to
Return to full training and competition
As a coach when in doubt … Sit them out! on the severity:Be cautious as the consequences of brain trauma are severe if not handled properly