Concussions
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Concussions. What is a concussion. Direct blows, Hard Falls, Blindside Hits, Poor Equipment, Improper Fitting Equipment, Environment Obstacles, Skill ability, Differences in Skill Level, Age or Size of Athletes, Indirect blows causing Whiplash… Poor Fitness. Causes of concussions. Whiplash .

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Concussions

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Concussions

Concussions


What is a concussion

What is a concussion


Causes of concussions

Direct blows, Hard Falls, Blindside Hits, Poor Equipment, Improper Fitting Equipment, Environment Obstacles, Skill ability, Differences in Skill Level, Age or Size of Athletes, Indirect blows causing Whiplash…

Poor Fitness

Causes of concussions


Whiplash

Whiplash

The brain floats inside the skull. In whiplash the head snaps back and the frontal portion of the brain contacts the skull (red area) and causes swelling and concussion.


Symptoms of concussion

Symptoms may include some or all of the following depending on the severity:

Headache, dizziness, loss of consciousness, nausea, lethargy, memory loss, confusion or disorientation, vacant stare, lack of focus, ringing in ears, seeing flashing lights (stars), speech impairment, balance problems, vision difficulty…

You can have a concussion without losing consciousness!

Symptoms of Concussion


Managing a concussion short term

Short term:

Unconscious athlete must be taken to a hospital for assessment

Anyone suspected of having a concussion or showing symptoms of a concussion must not return to activity and needs medical attention

Athletes showing symptoms should be monitored (do not leave alone)

Record the circumstances of the injury in your med kit

Athletes with recurring symptoms must go to the hospital for

re assessment

Managing a concussionshort term


Managing a concussion long term

Long Term:

Rest until all symptoms are gone. Gradual increase in activity before resuming full participation. Allow for 24 hours between steps, drop back a step if any symptoms re occur:

Complete rest until symptoms are gone , limit tv, reading and computer use

Low intensity exercise (walking, cycling, jog), if no symptoms proceed to

Moderate intensity, sport specific drill without contact, if no symptoms proceed to

Regular practice with controlled body contact as needed, if no symptoms proceed to

Return to full training and competition

Managing a concussionlong term


Concussions

As a coach when in doubt … Sit them out! Be cautious as the consequences of brain trauma are severe if not handled properly

Concussion safety


Concussion assignment

Concussion Assignment

  • You coach an under 16 girls soccer team. One of your athletes collides with the goalie and is struck in the head and goes down and does not get up immediately. You go out and check on her. She complains of nausea, blurred vision and head ache. She walks off the field with help. After a few minutes she says she is feeling better. What should you as coach do? Explain why you acted this way.


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