The Assyrians
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The Assyrians. Today’s Goal: What were the most significant accomplishments of the Assyrians and Chaldeans?. Assyrian Geography. Assyria’s capital was established at Nineveh. Walls of Nineveh.

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The Assyrians

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The Assyrians

Today’s Goal: What were the most significant accomplishments of the Assyrians and Chaldeans?


Assyrian Geography


Assyria’s capital was established at Nineveh

Walls of

Nineveh

Their capital at Nineveh on the Tigris river had a constant supply of fresh water. Tribute and stolen treasures were displayed in this huge capital.


Assyrian Society

  • Nobility

  • Artisans

  • Unskilled free workers

  • Serfs (bound to land)

  • Slaves

  • Women had lower position


Assyrian Empire


Assyrian god – they were polytheistic


Assyrian god Assur


  • Nineveh held one of the ancient world’s largest libraries

  • King Ashurbanipal collected 20,000 clay tablets, including the Epic of Gilgamesh, in this library

Tablets from his library


Flood Tablet found in Assurbanipal’s library


Used cuneiform, then later Aramaic


  • Constant warfare

  • Innovations:

    • Battering ram

    • Cavalry

    • Leather & metal armor

    • Camels for desert warfare

    • Conscription (draft of soldiers)

    • Siege tower


Assyrian Conquests


Assyrian Guardian figure

Weighs 30 tons

6 ½ ft high


Assyrian carving


Assyrian Winged Bull


Winged Assyrian Bull


Chaldeans and the Medes joined to defeat the Assyrians in 612 BC

Why did other people in the region celebrate when the Assyrians were defeated?


The Chaldeans

(Neo Babylonians)


Capital = Babylon

Restored by King Nebuchadnezzar

Nebuchadnezzar

Ruins of

Nebuchadnezzar’s

Babylon


Nebuchadnezzar had the Hanging Gardens of Babylon (a garden on top of the palace) built for his wife


Hanging Gardensof Babylon


Nebuchadnezzar II’s Babylon


Parts of Babylon have been rebuilt by Saddam Hussein


Rebuilt by Saddam Hussein


Iraq


Ishtar Gate of Babylon


Soldiers


Dragon of Marduk on the wall of the Ishtar Gate


Lion in Nebuchadnezzar's throne room

Design in throne room


The Star Gazers of Babylon

Priests observed & recorded the night sky

Stars determined human destiny, could foretell future

They observed the Zodiac, a belt of 12 constellations and the phases of the moon


Assyrians formed the basis for both astronomy & astrology.


First Historical Horoscope


Today’s Goal: What were the most significant accomplishments of the Assyrians and Chaldeans?

With a partner, list what you think are the TOP 3 accomplishments of the Assyrians and Chaldeans (be able to explain why).


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