The Assyrians
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The Assyrians. Today’s Goal: What were the most significant accomplishments of the Assyrians and Chaldeans?. Assyrian Geography. Assyria’s capital was established at Nineveh. Walls of Nineveh.

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The Assyrians

Today’s Goal: What were the most significant accomplishments of the Assyrians and Chaldeans?



Assyria s capital was established at nineveh
Assyria’s capital was established at Nineveh

Walls of

Nineveh

Their capital at Nineveh on the Tigris river had a constant supply of fresh water. Tribute and stolen treasures were displayed in this huge capital.


Assyrian society
Assyrian Society

  • Nobility

  • Artisans

  • Unskilled free workers

  • Serfs (bound to land)

  • Slaves

  • Women had lower position





Tablets from his library




  • Constant warfare

  • Innovations:

    • Battering ram

    • Cavalry

    • Leather & metal armor

    • Camels for desert warfare

    • Conscription (draft of soldiers)

    • Siege tower



Assyrian guardian figure
Assyrian Guardian figure

Weighs 30 tons

6 ½ ft high





Chaldeans and the medes joined to defeat the assyrians in 612 bc
Chaldeans and the Medes joined to defeat the Assyrians in 612 BC

Why did other people in the region celebrate when the Assyrians were defeated?


The Chaldeans 612 BC

(Neo Babylonians)


Capital = Babylon 612 BC

Restored by King Nebuchadnezzar

Nebuchadnezzar

Ruins of

Nebuchadnezzar’s

Babylon


Nebuchadnezzar had the hanging gardens of babylon a garden on top of the palace built for his wife
Nebuchadnezzar had the Hanging Gardens of Babylon (a garden on top of the palace) built for his wife


Hanging Gardens on top of the palace) built for his wifeof Babylon


Nebuchadnezzar II’s Babylon on top of the palace) built for his wife


Parts of babylon have been rebuilt by saddam hussein
Parts of Babylon have been rebuilt by Saddam Hussein on top of the palace) built for his wife


Rebuilt by saddam hussein
Rebuilt by Saddam Hussein on top of the palace) built for his wife


Iraq on top of the palace) built for his wife


Ishtar gate of babylon
Ishtar Gate of Babylon on top of the palace) built for his wife


Soldiers
Soldiers on top of the palace) built for his wife


Dragon of marduk on the wall of the ishtar gate
Dragon of Marduk on the wall of the Ishtar Gate on top of the palace) built for his wife


Lion in nebuchadnezzar s throne room
Lion in Nebuchadnezzar's throne room on top of the palace) built for his wife

Design in throne room


The star gazers of babylon
The Star Gazers of Babylon on top of the palace) built for his wife

Priests observed & recorded the night sky

Stars determined human destiny, could foretell future

They observed the Zodiac, a belt of 12 constellations and the phases of the moon


Assyrians formed the basis for both astronomy astrology
Assyrians formed the basis for both astronomy & astrology. on top of the palace) built for his wife


First historical horoscope
First Historical Horoscope on top of the palace) built for his wife


Today’s Goal: What were the most significant accomplishments of the Assyrians and Chaldeans?

With a partner, list what you think are the TOP 3 accomplishments of the Assyrians and Chaldeans (be able to explain why).