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تاريخ الانترنيت مختصر Brève histoire d’Internet PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Université Alger 3 Département de communication جامعة الجزائر 3 قسم علوم الإعلام و الاتصال . تاريخ الانترنيت مختصر Brève histoire d’Internet. محاور المحاضرة. الجذور التاريخية الخصائص

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تاريخ الانترنيت مختصر Brève histoire d’Internet

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Universit Alger 3

Dpartement de communication

3

Brve histoire dInternet


  • .


,

  • (1958-1986)

  • , (1981-1992)

  • (1992-2001)


ARPANET (1958-1986)

(1958-1986)

  • Premiers succs

d

RPANET


  • 1962

    Information Processing Techniques Office(1962)

    • :

    • :

  • 1958

  • Advanced Projects Research Agency (ARPA,1958)

.

Sputnik (1957)

Source : http://www.aerospaceweb.org/question/spacecraft/russia/r7-sputnik.jpg


Arpanet

  • TCP-IP



    : IMP: (Clark, 1967)

    • (les IMPs)

    • IMP

      • (1000 )


    : (packetswitching)

    • ()

    http://www.computing.dcu.ie/~humphrys/Notes/Networks/tanenbaum/1-10.jpg


    Arpanet

    • 21 1969 connection

    • 04 05 1969

    • 02

    • 1972


    Apparition des protocoles dInternet

    • :

    • 1969 (Crocker) : RFCs

      • :

      • (http://www.faqs.org/rfcs)

      • 1969

      • (FTP) (ftp://ftp.mozilla.org)

      • Telnet

    • (Tomlinson, 1972)


    • ARPANET :

    • ARPANET 1975

      ARPANET


    Arpanet

    • ''

    • ( ) IMPs

    • ""

  • FTP


  • (1981-1992)

    Internet, le rseau de la recherche (1981-1992)


    DARPANET INTERNET

    • :

    • 1980 : TCP/IP NFS

    • 1986 : NFSNET 56 kbps ( )


    NFSNET


    Internet

    • 1983 NetNorth

    • 08

    • 1990:


    Les BBS et FidoNet

    • Bulletin Board Systems (BBS) (1978)

      • (110 300 56 .

      • BBS

      • FidoNet

      • BBS (1983-2003)

      • USENET


    • ( ) Compuserve (1969-2003)

    • (1978), (1980)

    • 1995 3

  • AOL 10 (1983)

  • (1983-1996) 125

  • (1985-1999) 115

  • AOL


  • Les rseaux des annes 80 et la naissance dInternet

    • 80

    • " " : ARPANET UUCP...

    • ISP))


    Intrt juridique de lInternet des annes 1980 80

    • IP

    • BBS

    • " FTP

    • : ftp://releases.mozilla.org

    • AUP))


    1992-2002 Internet devient grand public(1992-2002)




    • NFS

    • 1992

    • 1992

    • CAM (1992) RIQ(1994)


    • Videotron : UBI(750 M $ 1994)

    • (20 1994)

    • NFS NFSNET (1995)

    • AOL TCP / IP. 1995


    • Gopher (1991)

    • (1992)

      • Mosac(1993)

      • Netscape(1994)

      • IE(1995)

    • 1993 LexUM

    • 1995


    • 1995 - , Amazon, eBay

    • 1997 Google

    • 1998 PayPal

    • 20

      • 19992 Peer2Peer et Napster

      • 1994 SSL


    • FirstVirtual

    • (1994-2000) Cybercash

    • NetCheque

    • Millicent

    • SET 1996


    • 90

    • US


    • : " "

    • PI

    • P2P



    Internet aujourdhui





    • Itune


    • ( 90)



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