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Beginners Guide to Internet. Onno W. Purbo Institute of Technology Bandung. Outline. Objective Menerangkan secara praktis ttg. Internet Outline Teknologi Komunikasi & Komputer Berbagai Aplikasi Internet. Distribusi Registrasi Domain Internet. Indonesia Internet Topology.

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beginners guide to internet

Beginners Guide to Internet

Onno W. Purbo

Institute of Technology Bandung

outline
Outline
  • Objective
    • Menerangkan secara praktis ttg. Internet
  • Outline
    • Teknologi Komunikasi & Komputer
    • Berbagai Aplikasi Internet
indonesia internet topology5
Indonesia Internet Topology

Hubungan Ke Internet

10 Mbps

indonesia internet topology6
Indonesia Internet Topology

Banyak Jaringan Regional

Yang Tumpang Tindih

indonesia internet topology7
Indonesia Internet Topology

Network Packet Radio Merupakan

Jaringan Pertama Internet Indonesia

Terutama masuk ke LAPAN & ITB

indonesia internet topology8
Indonesia Internet Topology

ITB Menjalankan

Backbone Asia Pasifik

Yang Pertama 2Mbps

indonesia speed to internet
Indonesia Speed To Internet

bps (log plot)

Year

indonesia speed to internet10

Naik Secara

Exponensial!

Indonesia Speed To Internet

bps (log plot)

Year

indonesia speed to internet11

Harus Membangun:

+ Komunitas / User

+ Backbone Nasional

Untuk terus exponensial!

Indonesia Speed To Internet

bps (log plot)

Year

akses ke internet
Akses ke Internet
  • IPTEK-NET kecepatan akses 256 Kbps.
  • IndoInternet kecepatan akses 512Kbps.
  • RADNet - kecepatan 1.5Mbps.
  • Sistelindo - kecepatan 768Kbps.
  • CBN-Net - kecepatan 2Mbps.
  • D.Net - Kecepatan 2Mbps.
  • ITB - kecepatan 1.5Mbps (27 September 1996).
teknologi jaringan internet
Teknologi Jaringan Internet
  • TCP/IP Protocol
    • Kunci pada IP ADDRESS
  • Teknologi perangkat keras & perangkat lunak yang banyak dipasaran.
  • sebagian software public domain.
  • Tidak tergantung jenis saluran komunikasi.
teknologi komunikasi jarak jauh
Teknologi Komunikasi Jarak Jauh
  • Telepon & Leased Line (PT. Telkom).
  • DOV (PT. Lintas Arta)
  • SKDP (PT. Lintas Arta).
  • VSAT (PT. Elektrindo Nusantara, PT. CSM, PT. Lintas Arta & PT. CMI).
  • Beberapa Alternatif yang murah:
    • Packet Radio Network
    • SISDIKSAT via Palapa.
persyaratan pc
Persyaratan PC
  • Sebaiknya dapat menggunakan Window
  • Minimal 386 sebaiknya 486.
  • Memory minimal 8Mbyte
  • Ada pengecualian untuk PC Packet Radio - dapat digunakan XT!
konfigurasi hardware
Konfigurasi Hardware
  • Melalui Packet Radio
  • Melalui Wireless LAN
  • Melalui Satelit
  • Melalui Telepon
  • Melalui Local Area Network
parameter penentu
Parameter Penentu
  • Harga
  • Kecepatan Pengiriman Data
  • Jarak Jangkau
konfigurasi packet radio
Konfigurasi Packet Radio

XT!

Total investasi diluar PC:

Modem Radio Rp. 150.000 s/d Rp. 800.000,-

Radio Rp. 225.000 s/d Rp. 3.000.000,-

Kec. Max. 9600bps (bisa naik ke 256Kbps)

Jarak Max. 100km

konfigurasi wireless lan
Konfigurasi Wireless LAN

Wireless LAN Card

Inside 2Mbps

Total investasi diluar komputer (PC)

Wireless LAN US$4000 / buah

Kecepatan Max. 2Mbps (bisa naik ke 10Mbps)

Jarak Max. 15 km

konfigurasi satellite network
Konfigurasi Satellite Network

sebaiknya UNIX

Investasi diluar komputer (PC):

Sewa peralatan & saluran satelit

VSAT SCPC US$5500 / bulan / 64Kbps

VSAT TDMA US$1500 / bulan / 64Kbps

konfigurasi telepon network
Konfigurasi Telepon Network

Konfigurasi yang umumnya digunakan pengguna

Internet Service Provider (ISP) di Indonesia

Investasi diluar komputer (PC):

Modem Telepon Rp. 250.000 s/d Rp. 3.000.000,-

Kec. Max. 28.8Kbps

konfigurasi local area network
Konfigurasi Local Area Network

Investasi diluar komputer (PC):

Ethernet card Rp. 90.000 s/d Rp. 500.000

Kabel dan Hub Ethernet

Kec. Max. 10-100Mbps.

Jarak Max. 500 meter

cara paling ekonomis
Cara Paling Ekonomis?
  • Internet baru akan menguntungkan jika berlangganan secara kolektif.
  • Satu kampus dapat dihubungkan ke Internet dengan satu buah leased-line / saluran komunikasi.
  • Biaya berlangganan bagi 6-10 orang / bulan bisa membiayai langganan satu kampus selama satu bulan!
cara paling ekonomis24

Seringkali Kita

Tidak Menyadari Hal ini

Cara Paling Ekonomis?
  • Internet baru akan menguntungkan jika berlangganan secara kolektif.
  • Satu kampus dapat dihubungkan ke Internet dengan satu buah leased-line / saluran komunikasi.
  • Biaya berlangganan bagi 6-10 orang / bulan bisa membiayai langganan satu kampus selama satu bulan!
frequently asked questions
Frequently Asked Questions?
  • Bagaimana cara menyambungkan sebuah Corporate Wide Area Network?
  • Peralatan apa saja yang dibutuhkan?
  • Bagaimana konfigurasi peralatan tersebut?
corporate campus internet29
Corporate / Campus Internet

Firewall / Proxy

486/586

Untuk:

Security &

Penghematan IP Address

corporate campus internet30
Corporate / Campus Internet

Bisa Memilih

Antara 3 Alternatif

corporate campus internet31
Corporate / Campus Internet

VSAT TDMAUS$ 1500 / month

64Kbps

corporate campus internet32
Corporate / Campus Internet

WaveLAN

2Mbps - 15 km

US$4000 / node

corporate campus internet33
Corporate / Campus Internet

Sewa Leased Line

Telkom /

Lintasarta

beberapa servis internet
Beberapa Servis Internet
  • e-mail [email protected]
  • mailing list [email protected]
  • News server news.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • WWW http://www.itb.ac.id.
  • FTP server ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • Videoconference -
  • Internet FAX Server -
  • Internet Phone -
beberapa servis internet35

Ada Lebih Dari 30.000

Kelompok Diskusi di Internet

Beberapa Servis Internet
  • e-mail [email protected]
  • mailing list [email protected]
  • News server news.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • WWW http://www.itb.ac.id.
  • FTP server ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • Videoconference -
  • Internet FAX Server -
  • Internet Phone -
beberapa servis internet36

Ada Ratusan Virtual Library

di Internet

Beberapa Servis Internet
  • e-mail [email protected]
  • mailing list [email protected]
  • News server news.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • WWW http://www.itb.ac.id.
  • FTP server ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • Videoconference -
  • Internet FAX Server -
  • Internet Phone -
beberapa servis internet37
Beberapa Servis Internet

Ada Ribuan FTP Server

Membawa Banyak File

  • e-mail [email protected]
  • mailing list [email protected]
  • News server news.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • WWW http://www.itb.ac.id.
  • FTP server ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • Videoconference -
  • Internet FAX Server -
  • Internet Phone -
beberapa servis internet38

Ratusan Reflector Telah Dipasang

di Internet (termasuk di ITB)

Video Conference Melalui

Internet - Rp. 7000 / jam - 64Kbps!

(Investasi Multimedia PC + US$150)

Beberapa Servis Internet
  • e-mail [email protected]
  • mailing list [email protected]
  • News server news.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • WWW http://www.itb.ac.id.
  • FTP server ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • Videoconference -
  • Internet FAX Server -
  • Internet Phone -
beberapa servis internet39
Beberapa Servis Internet

Puluhan FAX Server di Internet

Dapat di akses melalui E-mail

& mengirimkan FAX ke seluruh dunia.

  • e-mail [email protected]
  • mailing list [email protected]
  • News server news.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • WWW http://www.itb.ac.id.
  • FTP server ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • Videoconference -
  • Internet FAX Server -
  • Internet Phone -
beberapa servis internet40
Beberapa Servis Internet

Menelepon Ke Seluruh Dunia

Via Interet -Tanpa SLI

Kebutuhan

MultiMedia PC + Mic

  • e-mail [email protected]
  • mailing list [email protected]
  • News server news.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • WWW http://www.itb.ac.id.
  • FTP server ftp.ee.itb.ac.id.
  • Videoconference -
  • Internet FAX Server -
  • Internet Phone -
internet in windows42

Winsock

Untuk Mendial ke ISP

Internet in Windows
internet in windows44
Internet in Windows

Pegasus Mail

E-mail client

internet in windows45
Internet in Windows

Netscape

Web Browser

internet in windows46
Internet in Windows

FTP

File Transfer Facility

dial ke isp48

Gunakan Dialer

Untuk dial & Disconnect

Dial ke ISP
dial ke isp49

Gunakan “File”

Untuk mengatur setup Winsock

Dial ke ISP
contoh setup winsock51

IP Address

PC yang kita gunakan

Contoh Setup Winsock
contoh setup winsock52

IP Address

Name Server dari ISP

Contoh Setup Winsock
contoh setup winsock53
Contoh Setup Winsock

No. Port Komunikasi

di PC yang kita gunakan

contoh setup winsock54
Contoh Setup Winsock

Kecepatan Port Komunikasi

di PC yang kita gunakan

contoh e mail
Contoh E-mail

Received: from MAILQUEUE by SYSTEM (Mercury 1.12); Mon, 27 Feb 95 10:31:58 +0700

Return-path: <[email protected]>

From: <[email protected]>

Received: from mail-in.un.org(157.150.191.1) by internet.un.org via smap (V1.3) id sma018449; Sun Feb 26 21:16:38 1995

Date: Mon, 27 Feb 95 09:19:09 EST

Message-Id: <[email protected]>

To: [email protected]

Subject: Let\'s meet in Bangkok

Dear Onno,

Thanks a lot for your response to my inquiry on Indonesian IT development in the public sector. Thanks also for the status report,

which I read with great interest.

Looking forward to meeting you. Ilpo.

contoh e mail57

Header E-mail

Contoh E-mail

Received: from MAILQUEUE by SYSTEM (Mercury 1.12); Mon, 27 Feb 95 10:31:58 +0700

Return-path: <[email protected]>

From: <[email protected]>

Received: from mail-in.un.org(157.150.191.1) by internet.un.org via smap (V1.3) id sma018449; Sun Feb 26 21:16:38 1995

Date: Mon, 27 Feb 95 09:19:09 EST

Message-Id: <[email protected]>

To: [email protected]

Subject: Let\'s meet in Bangkok

Dear Onno,

Thanks a lot for your response to my inquiry on Indonesian IT development in the public sector. Thanks also for the status report,

which I read with great interest.

Looking forward to meeting you. Ilpo.

contoh e mail58

Informasi Seperti:

- Dari Siapa?

- Subject?

- Tanggal & Jam Pengiriman?

- Melalui Mesin Mana?

Contoh E-mail

Received: from MAILQUEUE by SYSTEM (Mercury 1.12); Mon, 27 Feb 95 10:31:58 +0700

Return-path: <[email protected]>

From: <[email protected]>

Received: from mail-in.un.org(157.150.191.1) by internet.un.org via smap (V1.3) id sma018449; Sun Feb 26 21:16:38 1995

Date: Mon, 27 Feb 95 09:19:09 EST

Message-Id: <[email protected]>

To: [email protected]

Subject: Let\'s meet in Bangkok

Dear Onno,

Thanks a lot for your response to my inquiry on Indonesian IT development in the public sector. Thanks also for the status report,

which I read with great interest.

Looking forward to meeting you. Ilpo.

contoh e mail59
Contoh E-mail

Isi Berita Ada

Di Bawah Header

Received: from MAILQUEUE by SYSTEM (Mercury 1.12); Mon, 27 Feb 95 10:31:58 +0700

Return-path: <[email protected]>

From: <[email protected]>

Received: from mail-in.un.org(157.150.191.1) by internet.un.org via smap (V1.3) id sma018449; Sun Feb 26 21:16:38 1995

Date: Mon, 27 Feb 95 09:19:09 EST

Message-Id: <[email protected]>

To: [email protected]

Subject: Let\'s meet in Bangkok

Dear Onno,

Thanks a lot for your response to my inquiry on Indonesian IT development in the public sector. Thanks also for the status report,

which I read with great interest.

Looking forward to meeting you. Ilpo.

contoh e mail60
Contoh E-mail

Text Yang Dikirim

Berupa ASCII

atau

Attachment File

Received: from MAILQUEUE by SYSTEM (Mercury 1.12); Mon, 27 Feb 95 10:31:58 +0700

Return-path: <[email protected]>

From: <[email protected]>

Received: from mail-in.un.org(157.150.191.1) by internet.un.org via smap (V1.3) id sma018449; Sun Feb 26 21:16:38 1995

Date: Mon, 27 Feb 95 09:19:09 EST

Message-Id: <[email protected]>

To: [email protected]

Subject: Let\'s meet in Bangkok

Dear Onno,

Thanks a lot for your response to my inquiry on Indonesian IT development in the public sector. Thanks also for the status report,

which I read with great interest.

Looking forward to meeting you. Ilpo.

e mail address
E-mail address

[email protected]

yc1dav Nama User

@ “at” (bahasa Inggris)

cnrg.itb.ac.id Nama Mesin

e mail address62
E-mail address

[email protected]

kode negara, contoh:

.id = Indonesia

.uk = Inggris

.us = Amerika Serikat

.jp = Jepang

.au = Australia

.sg = Singapura

e mail address63
E-mail address

[email protected]

Kode Jenis Institusi, contoh:

.ac. = Academic

.co. = Komersial

.go. = Pemerintah

.or. = Organisasi lainnya, seperti LSM

.net. = Internet Service Provider

e mail address64
E-mail address

[email protected]

Nama Institusi, contoh:

.itb. Institut Teknologi Bandung

.ui. Universitas Indonesia

.bppt. BPPT

.ptme PT. Metrodata Elektronik

.republika. Koran Republika

e mail address65
E-mail address

[email protected]

Nama Mesin atau Sub-Institusi

CNRG Computer Network Research

Group

konsekuensi budaya e mail
Konsekuensi Budaya E-mail
  • Effisiensi Komunikasi.
  • Komunikasi Tertulis (bukan lisan).
  • Perkuat kebijaksanaan (kekuatan arus bawah)
  • Debirokratisasi.
  • Keterbukaan.
  • Tidak ada batas institusi.
  • Penguasaan Pasar.
nama news group
Nama News Group

comp.society.future

Berbeda dengan E-mail, “root” berada di sebelah kanan - dalam contoh diatas yang menjadi “root” adalah kelompok “comp”

contoh root newsgroup
Contoh “Root” Newsgroup
  • comp berbagai diskusi ttg. Computer
  • sci berbagai diskusi ttg. Science
  • rec berbagai diskusi ttg. Recreation
  • biz berbagai diskusi ttg. Bisnis
  • soc berbagai diskusi ttg. Social aspect
  • id berbagai diskusi di Indonesia.
contoh tampilan news
Contoh Tampilan News

Newsgroups: soc.college,soc.college.grad

Subject: FAQ: Financial Aid [Monthly posting]

From: [email protected] (Mark Kantrowitz)

Date: 13 Jul 1995 07:04:31 GMT

Organization: CS, Carnegie Mellon University

Financial Aid FAQ Written by Mark Kantrowitz

This FAQ may be obtained by anonymous ftp from

ftp.cs.cmu.edu [128.2.206.173]

in the directory

/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mkant/public/finaid/finaid.faq

using username "anonymous" and password "[email protected]" (substitute your email address).

The FAQ postings are also archived in the periodic posting archive on rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/college/[18.181.0.24]

Please mail comments, corrections, additions, suggestions, criticisms and other information to [email protected]

contoh tampilan news71

Header News

Pengirim, Subject, Tanggal dll.

Contoh Tampilan News

Newsgroups: soc.college,soc.college.grad

Subject: FAQ: Financial Aid [Monthly posting]

From: [email protected] (Mark Kantrowitz)

Date: 13 Jul 1995 07:04:31 GMT

Organization: CS, Carnegie Mellon University

Financial Aid FAQ Written by Mark Kantrowitz

This FAQ may be obtained by anonymous ftp from

ftp.cs.cmu.edu [128.2.206.173]

in the directory

/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mkant/public/finaid/finaid.faq

using username "anonymous" and password "[email protected]" (substitute your email address).

The FAQ postings are also archived in the periodic posting archive on rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/college/[18.181.0.24]

Please mail comments, corrections, additions, suggestions, criticisms and other information to [email protected]

contoh tampilan news72

Isi News

ASCII

atau

File Attachment

Contoh Tampilan News

Newsgroups: soc.college,soc.college.grad

Subject: FAQ: Financial Aid [Monthly posting]

From: [email protected] (Mark Kantrowitz)

Date: 13 Jul 1995 07:04:31 GMT

Organization: CS, Carnegie Mellon University

Financial Aid FAQ Written by Mark Kantrowitz

This FAQ may be obtained by anonymous ftp from

ftp.cs.cmu.edu [128.2.206.173]

in the directory

/afs/cs.cmu.edu/user/mkant/public/finaid/finaid.faq

using username "anonymous" and password "[email protected]" (substitute your email address).

The FAQ postings are also archived in the periodic posting archive on rtfm.mit.edu:/pub/usenet/news.answers/college/[18.181.0.24]

Please mail comments, corrections, additions, suggestions, criticisms and other information to [email protected]

konfigurasi teleconference77
Konfigurasi TeleConference

Kamera QuickCam

US$100-150

konfigurasi teleconference78

Akses Internet 64Kbps

Menjadikan Total Biaya

Rp. 7000 / jam

Konfigurasi TeleConference
internet fax80
Internet FAX

E-mail dikirim ke

FAX Server Internet

internet fax81
Internet FAX

E-mail di terima FAX

Server & Di konversikan

ke FAX

internet fax82
Internet FAX

FAX Server Mengirimkan

Berita Ke FAX

internet fax83
Internet FAX

Berita Diterima

di FAX Penerima

internet phone85
Internet Phone

PC Multimedia

+ Soundblaster

internet phone86
Internet Phone

Mic & Speaker

internet phone87
Internet Phone

Client di ISP

Mendial Melalui Internet

internet phone88

Hubungan Telepon

dilakukan ke Telepon

Lokal di Luar Negeri

Internet Phone
www browser90

Anda dapat meng- “click”

pada kata-kata yang berwarna

biru untuk memperoleh informasi

selanjutnya

WWW Browser
www browser91

Lokasi Informasi

URL = Universal Resource Locater

WWW Browser
url universal resource locater
URL Universal Resource Locater

http://www.itb.ac.id/cnrg/collaboration.html

url universal resource locater93
URL Universal Resource Locater

http://www.itb.ac.id/cnrg/collaboration.html

Protokol yang digunakan untuk berbicara

http Hyper Text Transport Protocol (Web)

ftp File Transfer Protocol

news Network News Transport Protocol

url universal resource locater94
URL Universal Resource Locater

http://www.itb.ac.id/cnrg/collaboration.html

nama mesin

....... ingat penjelasan E-mail address?

url universal resource locater95
URL Universal Resource Locater

http://www.itb.ac.id/cnrg/collaboration.html

file dimana informasi diletakan

untuk masuk ke “root” atau “index”

perpanjangan ini tidak perlu dilakukan

navigasi informasi
Navigasi Informasi
  • Melakukan Searching Informasi.
  • Mengetahui Keyword Informasi yang dibutuhkan.
search engine internet
Search Engine Internet
  • http://www.opentext.com/
  • http://www.yahoo.com/
  • http://www.altavista.digital.com/
  • http://www.lycos.com/
  • http://www.webcrawler.com/
  • http://inktomi.cs.berkeley.edu/
  • http://www.dejanews.com/
contoh search lycos99
Contoh Search Lycos

Tempat Memasukan Keyword

Keyword Dapat Lebih Dari Satu

contoh search lycos100
Contoh Search Lycos

Option Untuk Operasi

Searching

asia internet interconnection initiatives ai3
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
  • Multicast Backbone (MBONE)
  • IP Version 6 (the Next Generation)
  • Real Time Backbone.
  • Dynamic Configuration & Routing.
  • Many Multimedia Traffic.
    • Video On Demand.
    • Multimedia on Demand.
    • Video Teleconferences.
asia internet interconnection initiatives ai3102
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)

Major Application Will Be

Virtual University - Initiated By

United Nation University , Tokyo, Japan

Others also very much welcome.

  • Multicast Backbone (MBONE)
  • IP Version 6 (the Next Generation)
  • Real Time Backbone.
  • Dynamic Configuration & Routing.
  • Many Multimedia Traffic.
    • Video On Demand.
    • Multimedia on Demand.
    • Video Teleconferences.
asia internet interconnection initiatives ai3105

Asia Pacific Partners,

Indonesia, Thailand, Hongkong, Malaysia,

Singapore, VietNam, Cambodia,

Korea & Japan

Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)
asia internet interconnection initiatives ai3106
Asia Internet Interconnection Initiatives (AI3)

There is effort to deploy

Advanced Asia Pacific Internet Backbone

Running at 155Mbps...

slide108

BAPPEDA ke Internet

Melalui ITB pada 2Mbps

slide109

Dearah Dapat Terhubung

Melalui Satelit

slide110

Daerah Tingkat II

Dapat Membangun Network

Untuk Membangun Pembangunan

apa yang perlu disiapkan
Apa Yang Perlu Disiapkan?
  • Komputer Hanya PC Biasa.
  • Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) yang bisa menggunakan komputer (PC) + Windows.
  • Koordinasi dengan organisasi di sekitarnya.
  • Bantuan Teknis dari Lembaga Pendidikan.
anda kesulitan
Anda Kesulitan?
  • Tanya ke Provider ....
  • Ada beberapa mailing list Indonesia yang sifatnya teknis

[email protected]

[email protected]

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