The renaissance
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The Renaissance. 1450-1600. Where was Music?. Church Still importance, but decreasing in importance Courts Nobility brought their musicians when traveling to different courts Towns Weddings Religious services. Musicians. Higher status Higher pay Women as virtuoso singers

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The Renaissance

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The renaissance

The Renaissance

1450-1600


Where was music

Where was Music?

  • Church

    • Still importance, but decreasing in importance

  • Courts

    • Nobility brought their musicians when traveling to different courts

  • Towns

    • Weddings

    • Religious services


Musicians

Musicians

  • Higher status

  • Higher pay

  • Women as virtuoso singers

  • Wanted credit for their work


Characteristics of music

Characteristics of Music

  • Words and Music

    • Emotions

    • “Word painting”

  • Mostly polyphonic

  • Using more harmonies

  • Vocal music and instrumental music still separate


Sacred music

Sacred Music

  • Forms

    • Motet – a polyphonic choral work set to Latin text

    • Mass – a polyphonic choral work made up of the Mass Ordinary

  • Composers

    • JosquindezPrez (1440-1521)

      • Works influenced other composers

      • Ave Maria…Virgo Serena (Hail Mary…Serene Virgin)

    • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594)

      • Italian

      • Music director for St. Peter’s church

      • Pope Marcellus Mass (Agnus Dei)


Council of trent

Council of Trent

  • 1545-1563

  • Wants to strengthen Catholic church

  • Music discussion

    • Gregorian chant vs. Polyphony

    • Chose polyphony because it “inspired religious contemplation”


Secular music

Secular Music

  • Vocal music set to poems

  • Music printing

  • Word painting

  • Composers imitated bird calls and street sounds

  • Music was a mandatory part of education

  • An important entertainment activity


Secular music cont

Secular Music, cont.

  • Forms

    • Madrigal

      • For several solo voices set to a short poem

      • Usually about love

      • Word painting

      • Started in Italy and moved west to England

        • English madrigal lighter and more humorous

      • Composers

        • Carlo Gesualdo (Italy)

        • Thomas Weelkes (England)

          • As Vesta Was Descending


As vesta was descending

As Vesta Was Descending

  • As Vesta was from Latmos hill descending

  • She spied a maiden queen the same ascending

  • Attended on by all the shepherds swain,

  • To whom Diana’s darlings came running downamain.

  • First two by two,

  • Then three by threetogether

  • Leaving their goddess all alone, hasted tither

  • And mingling with the shepherds of her train

  • With mirthful tunes her presence entertain.

  • Then sang the shepherds and nymphs of Diana,

  • Longlive fair Oriana!


Secular music cont1

Secular Music, cont

  • Forms, cont.

    • Instrumental music

      • Indoor instruments (harpsichord, organ, lute)

      • Outdoor instruments (sackbut, shawm, recorder)

      • Dancing

      • Gavotte


Activity

Activity

  • Get with a partner

  • Read and copy the lyrics to Thomas Weelkes’ Four Arms, Two Necks, and One Wreathing

  • Using the concept of word painting, underline certain words (your choice) and explain what you would do to demonstrate those words through music

  • Each group needs a minimum of 7 underlined words


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