Why Be Happy When You Could Be Normal ?. By Jeanette Winterson Structural Analysis By Alberto De Meo. LITERARY GENRE. Memoir. Memoirs are representations of memory, not of history
By Jeanette Winterson
By Alberto De Meo
WHY starts from a problem, a question
BE/COULD question for anyone, theme of research
HAPPY meaningful life, aim of all human being
NORMAL actingregarding the norms, suppression of individualism
Dedicationpaves the way to the content.
The novelisdedicated to herthreemother:
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF THE CHAPTERS
Keyword: Wrong wrongchoice, idea of mistake. The protagonistintroduces the maintopic of the novel: heradoptive family and her life as an adoptedchild
GetBorn: wake up from the ordiarness and find out who a personreallyis; the narrator invites the reader to think
Description of Manchester shetellsaboutherroods
Quotations: Engels from The Condition of the English Working Class in England
Itispresented the apocalitic nature of Jeanette Winterson’smother
The titlerecalls the incipit of the Bible
Keyword Word: itemphasizes the importance of the language. The importancerole of the languageis the center of the chapter.
Quotation: Jeanette Wintersontakes a quotation from Oranges Are Not The OnlyFruit.
The reader can understand the postmodernismpoint of view of the writer.
Keyword: Trouble C. Wintersonconsidersreadingas a rebellionact.
Thischaptertells to the reader the protagonistand hermother’srelationship with books.
J. Wintersoncreates an imaginaryatmosphere and shewrites with an ironictone.
Dots are used to create expectation in the reader.
Quotation: Dr Jekill and Mr. Hyde, Alice in Wonderland, A MidsummerNight’sDream
Keyword Home The writerconsiders home as a center of gravity and a place of orderbutshefeels out of place in it. Shediscovers a new home: books
In thischaptersheexplainshow the home where a persongrows up influenceshis life.
The reader can understandthat C. Wintersonis a powerfulcharacter and thereis an assimetricalrelationshipbetweenhermother and herfather
Itis an importantplace for Jeanette. Itis a place of hope and help.
In thischapter the novelistunderlines Mrs. Wintersonexaggeratingreligiosity. Sheobliges the novelist to submit an exorcism for herhomosexual nature.
The novelistdescribesher small town, itsinhabitantsand itsshops.
The titlesuggests to the reader a tragicevent in Jeanette Winterson’s life. MrsWintersondisownheradoptive-daughterbecausesheishomosexual.
In thischapter the reader can find Mrs. Winterson’ beliefaboutreligion and a verydifferentmentality the novelist and heradoptive-mother.
Thischapterdeals with the pursuit of happiness.
From thischapteristaken the title of the novel «Why Be Happy WhenYouCould Be Normal»
Definitive break-up of relantionship with heradoptive-mother
In thischapter the novelistunderlinesher love for readingparticularly for English literature.
Sheconsiders books as«messages in a bottle» and as a friend who comfort her from the difficulties of her life.
The titleis a quotation from the previouschapter. The novelistquotes Gertrude Stein.
Thischapterdeals with heradmission to Oxford university and with a reflectionabout woman society.
Art reference of Jeanette’ s university career and to herreflectionaboutliteratureas a form of art.
Life in Oxford iscompared to a life in a library
Lies Jeanette’suniversity tutor behaviourtowardher and womenand Mrs. Wintersoninhospitality.
Thischapterdeals with Jeanette’s life atuniversity and with her last meeting with heradoptivemother.
Reflectionabout art and life againstchronoligical time. Jeanette’spredilection for a life of emotionsnot of facts
Night Darkness: dark secret isunvealed and ithasripercussion on Jeanette’s mood of life
Sea Voyage metaphor of an importantdiscovery. Episod of Jeanette’s life
Sheep DrawerTreasure Certificate
Appointment multiple references: love affair with Susie, researchaboutadoption with root, last meeting with herfather and most of allappointment with herbiologicalmother.
Keyword Strange. Mix of emotionsduringher first meeting with herbiologicalmother
Wound mark, ithasdifferentmeanings to differentpeople. Jeanette Winterson, Mrs. Winterson and Anne werewounded.
Reflections on hervoyagethrough time and finallyshefeelat home
Sheis the narrator and the protagonist.
The narrator tellsaboutherlife with emotionablestory and shedoesn’tfollow the chronologicalprocess of the eventsof her life.
Jeanette’s life with heradoptiveparentswasoftenappalling, butit made her the writersheis.
MrsWintersondominates the first half of the book asshedominatedJeanette’s life. The secondhalfiswritten in responce to anothermother-tumult: the novelist’ssearch of herbirthmother. Jeanette doesnotdenounceheradoptive-motherbutshewants to understandMrsWinterson with hercontradictions and eccentricities.
At the center of the narrative is Mrs. Winterson. Sheis a powerfullcharacterbecauseshehasskills.
The novelisttells the reader Mrs. Winterson’sideas, life-style and physicalappearance.
Mrs. Wintersoneductes Jeanette on the basis of contempt for bodies, devotion to the principles of the Bible.
The reader can understandthat C. Wintersonis a powerfulcharacter and thereis an assimetricalrelationshipbetweenhermother and herfather.
Herfathershoveledcoalat night for a power station. His absencewashispresence