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Bentonville Public Schools. Bloodborne Pathogen Training. WHY ARE WE HERE?. OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030 A nyone whose job requires exposure to blood borne pathogens is required to complete training E mployees who are trained in CPR and first aid

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Bentonville Public Schools

Bloodborne Pathogen


Last Updated: 04-10-2012


  • OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen

    • Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030

    • Anyone whose job requires exposure to blood borne pathogens is required to complete training

    • Employees who are trained in CPR and first aid

  • The more you know, the better you will perform in real life situations!

What is a Bloodborne Pathogen?

Infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans

Common Bloodborne Pathogen Diseases

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • Hepatitis B (HBV)

  • Hepatitis C (HCV)

  • Other bloodborne pathogens: syphilis, malaria, brucellosis, and others.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • HIV is the virus that leads to the development of AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

  • HIV depletes the immune system by destroying specific blood cells that help the body fight disease

  • HIV does not survive long outside the body and cannot reproduce outside the human body

  • No threat of contracting HIV through casual contact

    Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011) Retrieved from

800,000 – 1.4 million persons in the U.S. are chronically infected

Transmitted through activities that involve skin or mucosal contact with blood or body fluids

HBV can survive for at least 7 days outside the body

Incubation period within which symptoms appear, average 90 days after exposure, and can last up to 6 months

Symptoms vary, may be absent, but can include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting

May lead to chronic liver damage, liver cancer, and even death

Vaccination available since 1982

HBV vaccine given as a series of 3 shots over a 6-month period

Hepatitis B (HBV)Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Retrieved from

Hepatitis C (HCV)Resource: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Retrieved from

  • Hepatitis C is a common and chronic, bloodborne infection in the United States

  • Spread when blood from infected person enters the body of another person not infected

  • Many people have NO symptoms

  • Symptoms may include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting –

  • May lead to chronic liver disease, cirrhosis,liver cancer and even death






Semen or vaginal secretions

Skin tissue, cell cultures

Any other body fluid

Potentially Infectious Body Fluids

Transmission Potential

  • Contact with another person’s blood or body fluid that may be infectious

  • Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose

  • Non-intact (broken) skin

  • Contaminated sharps/needles

Your Exposure Potential

  • Administering first aid

  • Administering CPR

  • Post-accident clean-up

  • Janitorial work

  • Handling of any waste products

Universal Precautions

  • Assuming all contact is potentially infectious

  • Use of proper personal protective equipment

  • Treat all blood and body fluids as contaminated

  • Proper clean-up and decontamination

  • Disposal of all contaminated material in the proper manner

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • Anything that is used to protect a person from exposure to blood or body fluids

  • Examples: gloves (preferably latex free), goggles, face shields, CPR mouth barriers, aprons, and masks

PPE Rules to Remember

  • Always check PPE for defects or tears before using

  • If PPE becomes torn or defective, remove and replace

  • Remove PPE before leaving a contaminated area, disposing of safely in an appropriate container or bag

  • Do not reuse disposable equipment


  • When cleaning up surfaces use a 1:10 solution of bleach and water (1 part bleach to 9 parts water) to clean and decontaminate surfaces and equipment. Mix fresh daily!

  • Dispose of all disposable wipes used in red biohazard bag.

  • PPE’s that has been soaked with

    blood/body fluids should be

    removed and disposed of in

    red biohazard bag.

Hand Washing

  • Wash hands with soap and water immediately after removing PPE

  • A hand sanitizer can be used but wash with soap and water as soon as possible.

  • See “Handwashing – Clean Hands Save Lives” @

Regulated Medical Waste

  • Liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious material(OPIM)

  • Contaminated sharps (needles)

Signs & Labels

  • Labels must include the universal biohazard symbol, and the term Biohazard must be attached to:

    • containers of regulated biohazard waste

    • i.e. sharps containers

Exposure Incident

  • A specific incident of contact with potentially infectious bodily fluid or blood

  • If there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an occupational exposure

  • Immediately report all accidents involving blood or body fluids to School Nurse

  • Post-exposure medical evaluations are offered

Post-exposure Evaluation

  • Confidential medical evaluation

  • Document route of exposure

  • Identify source individual

  • Test source individuals blood (with individual’s consent)

  • Provide results to exposed employee

Hepatitis B Vaccination

  • Strongly endorsed by medical communities

  • Offered to all potentially exposed employees

  • Provided at no cost to employees

  • Declination form

  • Usually given in 3 dose series over 6 months


Medical records include:

  • Hepatitis B vaccination status

  • Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up results

    Training records include:

  • Training dates

  • Contents of the training

  • Signature of trainer and trainee

Bloodborne pathogen rules are in

place for your health and safety.

Failure to follow them is a risk that does not need to be taken.

Bentonville Public Schools - Health Services

Updated 4-2012 ZM

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