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Bentonville Public Schools. Bloodborne Pathogen Training. WHY ARE WE HERE?. OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030 A nyone whose job requires exposure to blood borne pathogens is required to complete training E mployees who are trained in CPR and first aid

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Bentonville public schools

Bentonville Public Schools

Bloodborne Pathogen

Training

Last Updated: 04-10-2012


Why are we here

WHY ARE WE HERE?

  • OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen

    • Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030

    • Anyone whose job requires exposure to blood borne pathogens is required to complete training

    • Employees who are trained in CPR and first aid

  • The more you know, the better you will perform in real life situations!


What is a b loodborne pathogen

What is a Bloodborne Pathogen?

Infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans


Common bloodborne pathogen diseases

Common Bloodborne Pathogen Diseases

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • Hepatitis B (HBV)

  • Hepatitis C (HCV)

  • Other bloodborne pathogens: syphilis, malaria, brucellosis, and others.


Human immunodeficiency virus hiv

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • HIV is the virus that leads to the development of AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)

  • HIV depletes the immune system by destroying specific blood cells that help the body fight disease

  • HIV does not survive long outside the body and cannot reproduce outside the human body

  • No threat of contracting HIV through casual contact

    Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011) Retrieved from

    http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/basic/index.htm


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800,000 – 1.4 million persons in the U.S. are chronically infected

Transmitted through activities that involve skin or mucosal contact with blood or body fluids

HBV can survive for at least 7 days outside the body

Incubation period within which symptoms appear, average 90 days after exposure, and can last up to 6 months

Symptoms vary, may be absent, but can include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting

May lead to chronic liver damage, liver cancer, and even death

Vaccination available since 1982

HBV vaccine given as a series of 3 shots over a 6-month period

Hepatitis B (HBV)Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Retrieved fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/HBV/index.htm


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Hepatitis C (HCV)Resource: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/C/cFAQ.htm#overview

  • Hepatitis C is a common and chronic, bloodborne infection in the United States

  • Spread when blood from infected person enters the body of another person not infected

  • Many people have NO symptoms

  • Symptoms may include: jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea, vomiting –

  • May lead to chronic liver disease, cirrhosis,liver cancer and even death


Potentially infectious body fluids

Blood

Saliva

Vomit

Urine

Feces

Semen or vaginal secretions

Skin tissue, cell cultures

Any other body fluid

Potentially Infectious Body Fluids


Transmission potential

Transmission Potential

  • Contact with another person’s blood or body fluid that may be infectious

  • Mucous membranes: eyes, mouth, nose

  • Non-intact (broken) skin

  • Contaminated sharps/needles


Your exposure potential

Your Exposure Potential

  • Administering first aid

  • Administering CPR

  • Post-accident clean-up

  • Janitorial work

  • Handling of any waste products


Universal precautions

Universal Precautions

  • Assuming all contact is potentially infectious

  • Use of proper personal protective equipment

  • Treat all blood and body fluids as contaminated

  • Proper clean-up and decontamination

  • Disposal of all contaminated material in the proper manner


Personal protective equipment ppe

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

  • Anything that is used to protect a person from exposure to blood or body fluids

  • Examples: gloves (preferably latex free), goggles, face shields, CPR mouth barriers, aprons, and masks


Ppe rules to remember

PPE Rules to Remember

  • Always check PPE for defects or tears before using

  • If PPE becomes torn or defective, remove and replace

  • Remove PPE before leaving a contaminated area, disposing of safely in an appropriate container or bag

  • Do not reuse disposable equipment


Decontamination

Decontamination

  • When cleaning up surfaces use a 1:10 solution of bleach and water (1 part bleach to 9 parts water) to clean and decontaminate surfaces and equipment. Mix fresh daily!

  • Dispose of all disposable wipes used in red biohazard bag.

  • PPE’s that has been soaked with

    blood/body fluids should be

    removed and disposed of in

    red biohazard bag.


Hand washing

Hand Washing

  • Wash hands with soap and water immediately after removing PPE

  • A hand sanitizer can be used but wash with soap and water as soon as possible.

  • See “Handwashing – Clean Hands Save Lives” @ http://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/


Regulated medical waste

Regulated Medical Waste

  • Liquid or semi-liquid blood or other potentially infectious material(OPIM)

  • Contaminated sharps (needles)


Signs labels

Signs & Labels

  • Labels must include the universal biohazard symbol, and the term Biohazard must be attached to:

    • containers of regulated biohazard waste

    • i.e. sharps containers


Exposure incident

Exposure Incident

  • A specific incident of contact with potentially infectious bodily fluid or blood

  • If there are no infiltrations of mucous membranes or open skin surfaces, it is not considered an occupational exposure

  • Immediately report all accidents involving blood or body fluids to School Nurse

  • Post-exposure medical evaluations are offered


Post exposure evaluation

Post-exposure Evaluation

  • Confidential medical evaluation

  • Document route of exposure

  • Identify source individual

  • Test source individuals blood (with individual’s consent)

  • Provide results to exposed employee


Hepatitis b vaccination

Hepatitis B Vaccination

  • Strongly endorsed by medical communities

  • Offered to all potentially exposed employees

  • Provided at no cost to employees

  • Declination form

  • Usually given in 3 dose series over 6 months


Recordkeeping

Recordkeeping

Medical records include:

  • Hepatitis B vaccination status

  • Post-exposure evaluation and follow-up results

    Training records include:

  • Training dates

  • Contents of the training

  • Signature of trainer and trainee


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Bloodborne pathogen rules are in

place for your health and safety.

Failure to follow them is a risk that does not need to be taken.

Bentonville Public Schools - Health Services

Updated 4-2012 ZM


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