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Fisheries in the WTO. Presentation by Christina Schröder, Agriculture & Commodities Division, WTO [email protected] DDA and Fisheries. Main centre of interest to fisheries and aquaculture are negotiations on fisheries subsidies in Rules Neg. Group but also tariff

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Fisheries in the wto
Fisheries in the WTO

Presentation by Christina Schröder,

Agriculture & Commodities Division,

WTO

[email protected]


Dda and fisheries
DDA and Fisheries

Main centre of interest to

fisheries and aquaculture are

negotiations on fisheries subsidies

in Rules Neg. Group but also tariff

and non-tariff negotiations in

Market Access Neg. Group.


Outline
Outline

1) Fisheries Subsidies

2) Customs duties on Fish and Fish products


Gatt wto and subsidies
GATT/WTO and Subsidies

  • Article XVI of the GATT (1949)

  • Tokyo Round's Subsidy Code (1979)

  • Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (1995)


Fisheries subsidies outline
Fisheries Subsidies(Outline)

  • General definition of subsidy

  • Fisheries Subsidies

  • Fisheries Subsidy Negotiations


General definition of subsidy 1
General Definition of Subsidy (1)

  • a subsidy shall be deemed

  • to exist if:

  • there is a financial

  • contribution by a government;or

Article 1


General definition of subsidy 2
General Definition of Subsidy (2)

Article 1

  • there is any form of income

    or price support in the sense of Article XVI of GATT 1994


General definition of subsidy 3
General Definition of Subsidy (3)

and a benefit is thereby conferred

Article 1


General definition of subsidy 4
General Definition of Subsidy (4)

Article 2

A Specific subsidy is a subsidy available only to an enterprise, industry, group of enterprises, or group of industries in the country that gives the subsidy.


General definition of subsidy 5
General Definition of Subsidy (5)

There are two kinds of subsidies:

(1) Prohibited subsidies;

(2) Actionablesubsidies.


General definition of subsidy 6
General Definition of Subsidy (6)

Non-actionable subsidies lapsed on 31 December 1999 and do not exist anymore for the purposes of the Subsidy Agreement.


General definition of subsidy 61
General Definition of Subsidy (6)

Prohibited subsidies are

contingent on

  • export performance;

  • the use of domestic over

    imported goods.

Article

3


General definition of subsidy 7
General Definition of Subsidy (7)

Article

3(a)

Exceptions:

1) LDC’s and developing countries

with less than US$1,000 per capita GNP.

2) Other developing countries: terminate by end of 2002 or request extension.


General definition of subsidy 71
General Definition of Subsidy (7)

Article

5

Actionable subsidies are those which cause to another Member:

  • injury to the domestic industry;

  • nullification or impairment of benefits;

  • serious prejudice.


Recap
RECAP

To be subject to the disciplines of part

III and V of the Subsidy Agreement,

an Article 1 subsidy needs to be

Actionable

Specific!

and


Fisheries subsidies negotiations
Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations

Negotiations on fishery subsidies

take place in the Negotiating

Group on Rules. Several discussion papers and two negotiating proposals on the table.


Fisheries subsidies negotiations1

Paragraph

28

Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations

DD: participants shall aim to clarify and improve WTO disci-plines on fisheries subsidies,

taking into account importance of this sector to developing countries.


Fisheries subsidies negotiations2
Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations

  • On the negotiating table:

  • 11 discussion papers by six countries or groups of countries.

  • 2 negotiating proposals by two countries.


Recap

GATT/

WTO

Negotiating

rounds

Tariffs

3

7

8

Subsidies

5

1

4

2

SPS

6

9

TBT


Customs duties on fish and fish products
Customs Duties on Fish and Fish Products

Since 1986, tariffs on fish and fish products are estimated to have decreased by some 26 per cent to an average level of 4.5 per cent


Customs duties on fish and fish products1
Customs Duties on Fish and Fish Products

Tariff and ntb’s for fish and fish products, including aquaculture products, are handled in the Market Access Neg. Group as part of the general tariff and ntb negotiations.


Doha ministerial declaration
Doha Ministerial Declaration

shall aim, ..., to reduce or as appro-priate eliminate tariffs, including the reduction or elimination of tariff peaks, high tariffs, and tariff escalation, as well as ntb’s, in particular on products of export interest to developing countries.


Customs duties on fish and fish products2
Customs Duties on Fish and Fish Products

Market Access Negotiations:

  • Mid May, Chair draft of modalities;

  • End May, aim to reach agreement on modalities.


Customs duties on fish and fish products3
Customs Duties on Fish and Fish Products

Chair draft on modalities:

  • Formula for tariff reductions; +

  • Zero-for-zero in selected sectors;

  • S&D; and

  • Elements with respect to ntb’s.



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