Fisheries in the WTO. Presentation by Christina Schröder, Agriculture & Commodities Division, WTO [email protected] DDA and Fisheries. Main centre of interest to fisheries and aquaculture are negotiations on fisheries subsidies in Rules Neg. Group but also tariff
Main centre of interest to
fisheries and aquaculture are
negotiations on fisheries subsidies
in Rules Neg. Group but also tariff
and non-tariff negotiations in
Market Access Neg. Group.
1) Fisheries Subsidies
2) Customs duties on Fish and Fish products
or price support in the sense of Article XVI of GATT 1994
and a benefit is thereby conferred
A Specific subsidy is a subsidy available only to an enterprise, industry, group of enterprises, or group of industries in the country that gives the subsidy.
There are two kinds of subsidies:
(1) Prohibited subsidies;
Non-actionable subsidies lapsed on 31 December 1999 and do not exist anymore for the purposes of the Subsidy Agreement.
Prohibited subsidies are
1) LDC’s and developing countries
with less than US$1,000 per capita GNP.
2) Other developing countries: terminate by end of 2002 or request extension.
Actionable subsidies are those which cause to another Member:
To be subject to the disciplines of part
III and V of the Subsidy Agreement,
an Article 1 subsidy needs to be
Negotiations on fishery subsidies
take place in the Negotiating
Group on Rules. Several discussion papers and two negotiating proposals on the table.
28Fisheries Subsidies Negotiations
DD: participants shall aim to clarify and improve WTO disci-plines on fisheries subsidies,
taking into account importance of this sector to developing countries.
Since 1986, tariffs on fish and fish products are estimated to have decreased by some 26 per cent to an average level of 4.5 per cent
Tariff and ntb’s for fish and fish products, including aquaculture products, are handled in the Market Access Neg. Group as part of the general tariff and ntb negotiations.
shall aim, ..., to reduce or as appro-priate eliminate tariffs, including the reduction or elimination of tariff peaks, high tariffs, and tariff escalation, as well as ntb’s, in particular on products of export interest to developing countries.
Market Access Negotiations:
Chair draft on modalities: