Literary elements
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Literary Elements. The Crucible. Dialogue. Conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie. Stage Directions. An instruction in the text of a play, esp. one indicating the movement, position, or tone of an actor, or the sound effects and lighting.

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Literary Elements

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Literary Elements

The Crucible


  • Conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie

Stage Directions

  • An instruction in the text of a play, esp. one indicating the movement, position, or tone of an actor, or the sound effects and lighting

Dramatic Exposition

  • Essential background information conferred through dialogue prior to rise of action in a play or film


  • A warning or indication of (a future event)


  • The place or type of surroundings where something is positioned or where an event takes place


  • An expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly; an indirect or passing reference


  • A long speech by one actor in a play or movie, or as part of a theatrical or broadcast program


  • An act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, esp. by a character in a play


  • A remark or passage by a character in a play that is intended to be heard by the audience but unheard by the other characters in the play


  • The main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence

Dramatic irony

  • Irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play

Verbal irony

  • Ironyin which a personsays or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is theoppositeoftheliteralmeaning

Logical fallacy

  • A fallacy in logical argumentation

Rising action

  • The events of a dramatic or narrative plot preceding the climax


  • The most intense, exciting, or important point of something; a culmination or apex

Falling action

  • The events of a drama after the climax (or crisis) but before the denouement (or resolution)


  • The action of solving a problem, dispute, or contentious matter


  • A person in a novel, play, or movie


  • Representation of a character or characters on the stage or in writing, especially by imitating or describing actions, gestures, or speeches


theprocessby which thepersonality of a fictitious character is revealed through the character's speech, actions, appearance,etc.


theprocessby which the personality of a fictitious character is revealed by the use of descriptive adjectives, phrases, orepithets.


aneasilyrecognizedcharactertypeinfictionwhomaynot be fully delineated but is useful in carrying out somenarrativepurposeoftheauthor.


acharacter in fiction whosepersonality, background, motives, and other features are fully delineatedbytheauthor.


A character who undergoes change in the story


A character who goes through little or no chance in the story


  • Where the author creates a character whose primary purpose is to create a contrast to another character by laying emphasis or drawing attention to the latter’s traits and characteristics through the former’s obviously contradictory ones


  • A serious disagreement or argument, typically a protracted one


A struggle/ conflict within the mind of a character


A struggle between a character and an outside force like nature or another character


  • The main subject that is being discussed or described in a piece of writing

Extended metaphor

  • A comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem


  • The leading character or one of the major characters in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text


  • Aperson who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an adversary


  • Professional entertainment consisting of jokes and satirical sketches, intended to make an audience laugh


  • An event causing great suffering, destruction, and distress, such as a serious accident, crime, or natural catastrophe


  • Dominant impression or emotional atmosphere evoked by the text


  • An attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience

EX: Pokes fun at the fact that they think they are doing the right thing

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