Cleat souls
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Cleat Souls. Informative Presentation By: Nilofer Faiz Joseph Maiorana Joseph Schneider. Table of Contents. Step 1- Problem Statement. Spikes/Cleats become worn out when walking on asphalt to a field/stadium/track. Step 2- Brainstorming. Consider Source of Problem

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Cleat souls

Cleat Souls

Informative Presentation By:

Nilofer Faiz

Joseph Maiorana

Joseph Schneider


Table of contents

Table of Contents


Step 1 problem statement

Step 1- Problem Statement

Spikes/Cleats become worn out when walking on asphalt to a field/stadium/track.


Step 2 brainstorming

Step 2- Brainstorming

Consider Source of Problem

  • Deals with cleat shoes wearing away when walking

  • Friction/ contact of shoe with track field surface

  • Athletes’ amount of shoe usage


Background

Background

  • Experience

    • Joe plays football

    • Joey played baseball

  • Knowledge from peer athletes

    • Conversations

    • Environment

    • Issues with track surface


Hypotheses

Hypotheses

Impossible/difficult to improve upon outside factors

So, Improve features of cleat shoe

Design & manufacture solution to fit on bottom of athletic cleats

Solution will provide protection so cleat shoe will last longer

This device will be effective when user is not using cleats for their main purpose

6


Step 3 research justifying the problem

Step 3- Research/ Justifying the Problem

  • Surveys

    • Random distribution (50)

    • Peers with background to problem statement

  • Expert Feedback

    • Interview experts through email, in person contact (7)

  • Online research

    • Patent searches

    • http://uspto.gov


Market survey

Market Survey

  • Do your spikes/cleats on athletic shoes become worn out after walking on asphalt/sidewalks? (If No, do not continue)

    • Yes

    • No

  • Which type of spikes/cleats do you use?

    • Metal

    • Rubber

    • Plastic

  • What do you use spikes/cleats for? Check all that apply.

    • Football

    • Baseball

    • Track & Field

    • Soccer

    • Golf

    • Bicycling

    • Work

    • Other (please specify__________________________________)


Market survey1

Market Survey

Spikes/cleats become worn out or damaged due to:

Excessive use

Poor design

Friction with surface

On a scale of 1-5, do you feel your performance is lowered because of worn down spikes/cleats? [ 1= No, not at all. 5= Yes, definitely]

12345

Do you feel you need to replace your spikes/cleats because of damages?

Yes

No

If yes to #3 how often do you feel you need to replace your spikes/cleats?

Often

Sometimes

Very few times

Other (please specify__________________________________)

9


Market survey2

Market Survey

Would you purchase a device that protects the spikes/cleats from becoming worn down?

Yes

No

If a new design were to be created improving the spikes/cleats, which factor will be the most important upon purchase?

Cost

Quality

Durability

Appearance

10


Survey results

Survey Results

  • 36 responses in accord that cleat shoes wear down to the point that it should be considered a problem

  • 14 responses in accord that cleat shoes are not worn down enough to be a problem


Contacting experts

Contacting Experts

  • Interview: in person/email

  • Agreement = spikes become damaged

  • 5 of 7 interviewees also agree that having to bring multiple shoes to an event is annoying

  • These interviews prove problem statement to be valid

  • First 3 helped justify problem statement

  • Last 4 Provided feedback, tips in drafting solution


Experts credibility

Experts’ Credibility

  • Kyle Whittier

    • Athlete: football (2yrs) & baseball (10yrs)

  • Chris Fenske

    • Athlete (track)

    • Sales Associate – Sport’s Authority

  • Kevin Whittier

    • 4 yr Sales Associate – Sport’s Authority


Feedback gained

Feedback Gained


Testimonial from patent 1

Testimonial from Patent 1

  • Citation:

    Perron, Jr. “Soccer Shoe” United States Patent. 2009.

    http://uspto.gov

    Inventor: Perron, Jr.; J. Edward

    [Metairie, LA]

    Patent Filed: March 31, 2005

    Patent Number: 7,487,604


Patent 1 cont

Patent 1 Cont’

  • Shoe cover insert innovation

    • enhances performance of soccer shoe

  • Conventional soccer shoes have problem with vertical component

    • design needs to be modified

  • Design includes an insert that:

    • cushion the foot

    • provide foot stability

    • motion control; reduce fatigue

    • extend the float time of a runner and

    • increase the jump height of the wearer

    • extends vertically


Justified problem statement

Justified Problem Statement

  • Conclusions based off research

    • Expert feedback

    • Patents

    • Online resources

  • Athletes need to wear a different pair of shoes while walking on anything other than their playing field, otherwise their spikes will become damaged or dulled. EXISTS


Step 4 design criteria

Step 4- Design Criteria

  • Protect spikes from becoming dull

  • Protect surfaces from damages

  • Eliminate the need to bring multiple pairs of shoes to events

  • Take less time than switching between shoes


Design criteria cont

Design Criteria Cont’

  • Manufacturing

  • Cost

  • Material

  • Ease of Use

  • Storage

  • Durability

  • Safety

  • Fit

  • Weight Capacity

  • Time-Saving

  • Protection

  • Physical Appeal


Step 5 possible solutions

Step 5- Possible Solutions

  • Each team member came up with 2 different solutions

  • Evaluated pros/cons, scored off of design criteria


Solution a spike covers

Solution A: Spike Covers

  • Blocks fit completely over the spikes

  • Keeps spikes elevated above ground

  • Reduces wear


Solution b spike sandals

Solution B: Spike Sandals

  • Sandal placed under cleat

  • Velcro belt holds in place


Solution c rubber sole

Solution C: Rubber Sole

  • A rubber sole slips on the bottom of cleat

  • Keeps spikes off the ground


Solution d spike plugs

Solution D: Spike Plugs

  • Rubber plugs put on spikes

  • Keep spikes from touching ground


Solution e retractable cover

Solution E: Retractable Cover

  • Rubber membrane on outside

  • Stretchy rubber material extended over sole

  • Covers heel, kicking portion

  • Rubber sleeve covers entire bottom


Innovation solution f spike plug w retractable cover

Innovation Solution F: Spike Plug W/ Retractable Cover

  • Spike plugs easily attach to bottom of athletic spike shoe

  • Retractable stretchy sleeve holds together spike plugs

  • Allows attachment of all five plugs without effort

  • Retractable cover provides tight support all around shoe

  • Prevents shoe laces from becoming untied


Step 6 final solution derived

Step 6- Final Solution Derived

  • Decision- Making Matrix helped in evaluation of potential sol

  • Criteria:

  • Totals made after evaluation

  • Manufacturing

  • Cost

  • Material

  • Ease of Use

  • Storage

  • Durability


Decision matrix

Decision Matrix

  • Scoring:+ Best option

    • - Worst option

    • 0 No difference


Final solution

Final Solution

  • Based on the scores on the decision matrix, we chose our solution


The spike cover

The Spike Cover

  • Protective covering for the front and the back of the cleat

  • Keeps spikes from coming in contact with the ground

  • Has rubber bottoms for safety

  • Easy to use

  • Easy to store


The spike cover1

The Spike Cover


Specifications

Specifications


Function

Function

  • Protect spikes from becoming dull

  • Protect spikes from coming in contact with the ground

  • Eliminate the need to bring multiple pairs of shoes to events


Cleat souls

Form

  • The spike covers come in two parts

  • The spike covers must be sized to fit onto shoe

  • Holes can hold spikes up to ¾” long


Ergonomics

Ergonomics

  • The two parts of the spike cover are shaped to the heal and to the front of the cleat


Ease of maintenance

Ease of Maintenance

  • Primary tools needed

    • Computer with Inventor

    • Micrometer

    • Prototype machine

    • Belt Saw


Standardization

Standardization

  • Guerilla Glue

  • Flip Flops


Durability

Durability

  • Layer 2 was added to the product to insure durability

    • It will protect the plastic from scratches

    • Keep the plastic from getting worn out


Experts credibility1

Experts’ Credibility

39


Solution justification

Solution Justification


Step 7 design parameters

Step 7- Design Parameters

Part A1


Cleat souls

Part B1


Supplies and cost

Supplies and Cost

  • The cost to make the product is fairly cheap

  • Most of the project’s cost comes from prototype machine

  • The cost to produce one spike cover (both parts) is about $25 (according to Stephen Buchs)


Supplies and cost1

Supplies and Cost


Tool selection

Tool Selection

  • Major Tools

    • Prototype Machine

    • Belt Saw


Cleat cover parts

Cleat Cover- Parts


Part a1 top layer

Part A1- Top Layer

  • Made from plastic

  • Heel of cleat cover

  • 5/16” thick

  • 3 slots


Part a2 bottom layer

Part A2- Bottom Layer

  • Made from rubber

  • Heel of cleat cover

  • 5/16” thick


Part b1 top layer

Part B1- Top layer

  • Made from plastic

  • Sole of cleat cover

  • 5/16” thick

  • 6 slots


Part b2 bottom layer

Part B2- Bottom Layer

  • Made from rubber

  • Sole of cleat cover

  • 5/16” thick


Step 8 assembly process

Step 8- Assembly Process

  • 2 Parts to the solution

    • The front of the shoe

    • The sole of the shoe

  • Each part is divided into 2 layers

    • Top Layer: made of plastic

    • Bottom Layer: made of rubber


Assembly process

Assembly Process

  • Suggested time of assembly: 2-3 days

  • Assembly procedure

    • Gather Materials

    • Use prototype machine to make layer 1 of both parts

    • Cut out layer 2 with belt saw

    • Use shoe glue to attach parts

      • Part A1 to A2

      • Part B1 to B2


Prototype 1 cleat covers

Prototype 1: Cleat Covers


Step 9 test evaluate

Step 9- Test & Evaluate

  • Evaluate performance of cleat covers by gathering data

    • Quantitative

    • Qualitative

  • Estimated time: 2 days to perform test 3x

  • Equipment needed:

    • Team members

    • Data tables

    • Stopwatch

    • Weights

    • Prototype

    • Cleat shoes


Testing aspects

Testing Aspects

  • Safety

    • Is it slippery?

    • Is the cleat still balanced?

    • Do spikes become damaged with application?

  • Fit

    • Does the spike cover fall off?

    • Do the spikes fit within the holes?

    • Do the covers fit the portion of the shoe?

  • Weight Capacity

    • Max amount covers can hold


Testing aspects cont

Testing Aspects Cont’

  • Time-Saving

    • Easier to slip-on rather than purchasing?

  • Performance

    • Protect spikes from external surf?

  • Physical Appeal

    • Product look effective?

    • Attract customers?


Testing procedure

Testing Procedure

  • Safety

  • Wear spike coversWalk on different surfacesIf the cleats slip on surf, it fails

  • Fit

  • Place spike covers on soleFail if covers fall off or become loose while walkingExamine if the spikes fit in given holes Examine if covers fit the sole of the cleats correctly (not too big and not too small)


Testing procedure1

Testing Procedure

  • Weight Capacity

  • Wear spike coversAdd weights to the person to test the durability Record weight. Goal Capacity: 200 lbs.

  • Protection

  • Wear the spike cover and walkSpikes shouldn’t become damaged in any way


Testing procedure2

Testing Procedure

  • Time-Saving

  • Time starts when member puts on spike cover. Time finishes when person removes spike cover.

  • Same person starts new time trial with spikes on. Start the time member begins to remove shoe. Stop time when the second shoe is completely on.

  • Compare times. If spike cover time was faster than the shoe-to-shoe time, the test is passed.

  • Physical Appeal

  • Score appearance of product on scale of 1-10. (7 and above is a pass)


Cleat covers data chart

Cleat Covers:Data Chart


Test results cleat covers

Test Results: Cleat Covers

  • Failed the fit test

    • Dimensions were not correct

    • Spikes are different sizes

    • Angles were incorrect


Problems in design

Problems in Design

  • There should be two layers to the shoe

    • Plastic: serves as the protection of the spike

    • Rubber: serves as a safety precaution and increases durability of the product

  • Unachievable to design solution to fit all types of spikes

    • We chose the Nike Haurachi as our model shoe


Step 10 refinement

Step 10- Refinement

  • Redo the measurements and drawings

    • Used micrometer

    • Calculations

  • Learned pressure does not help covers from staying attached

    • Over time, it will become loose

  • New Solution = Magnets


  • Step 11 new solution magnets

    Step 11- New Solution: Magnets

    • Magnets will be implanted into the 2nd layer of the product

    • They will make the fit of the product more efficient

    • Solves problem statement

      • Cover protect spikes?

      • Spikes still damaged with cover on?

      • Eliminates need to change shoes?


    Prototype 2 the a traction covers

    Prototype 2: The A-Traction Covers


    A traction covers data chart

    A-TractionCovers:Data Chart


    Magnets test results

    Magnets- Test Results

    • The same person performed the test procedures.

    • The procedure successfully tested our product revealing problems with our design.

    • The testing criteria helped organize the data that we had been looking for.

    • The materials were appropriately chosen based on the results of the testing.

    • There was no problem found while testing that indicated a problem with the building process.

    • The results showed that the design met the criteria effectively.


    Problems in design1

    Problems in Design


    Prototype 3 cleat souls

    Prototype 3: Cleat Souls

    What are Cleat Souls?

    Spike Pads were made for the athlete by the athlete. They protect spikes from becoming dull or damaged during the walk from your car to the field. Spike Pads can also be used indoors, just incase you need to grab a drink or visit the trainer. The material fits perfectly to the design of the cleat making you feel like you are walking in regular shoes. Spike Pads can also come in different colors with different designs on them to match your shoe color or team uniform. With the spikes protected, Spike Pads extend the life of your cleats helping you achieve their maximum performance day in and day out.


    Supplies cost

    Supplies & Cost


    Tool selection1

    Tool Selection


    Assembly process1

    Assembly Process


    Acknowledgments

    Acknowledgments

    Mike Barbanente

    Greg Baker

    Mike Joyce

    Matt Wilhite


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