Missions. First missions in Texas. Friars in 1682 founded the first permanent settlement of Europeans in Texas—the mission of Corpus Christi de la Ysleta—located near present-day El Paso. Most Spanish activity during the 1690s was in east Texas, near French Louisiana.
Drought killed many of the mission’s crops, and disease killed many of the Native Americans and one friar.
The mission was called “The Mother of Texas Missions” because it was the base for many expeditions to establish missions in east Texas, and it provided grain, cattle, and horses to the missionaries.
Without the Spanish government’s knowledge, Father Hidalgo wrote a letter to the French governor in Louisiana asking that the French establish a mission among the Tejas.
When he arrived at San Jaun Bautista in July of 1714, it alarmed the presidio’s commander, Captain Diego Ramon.
The Spanish government did not believe St. Denis and ordered that new missions be built in East Texas with the Spanish soldiers to protect them.
Aguayo built a large presidio called Nuestra Senora del Pilar de los Adaes in French territory in present-day Louisiana.
Food was plentiful with herds of cattle, sheep, and goats guaranteeing a regular supply of meat and milk.