California missions
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California Missions. By Marilyn Kowsari October 12, 2007. What was a mission?. A religious settlement. Location of the Missions. Founder of the Missions. Father Serra Born in 1713 in Petra, Isla del Mellora Spain Founded 9 of the 21 missions

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California missions

California Missions

By Marilyn Kowsari

October 12, 2007


What was a mission

What was a mission?

  • A religious settlement


Location of the missions

Location of the Missions


Founder of the missions

Founder of the Missions

  • Father Serra

  • Born in 1713 in Petra, Isla del Mellora Spain

  • Founded 9 of the 21 missions

  • Died in 1784 and buried at San Carlos Borromeo Mission


Purpose of the bells

Purpose of the Bells

  • Call people to meals

  • Call people to work

  • Call people to prayer

  • Tell some important news


Characteristics of the missions

Characteristics of the missions

  • Things in common

    • They all had bells

    • Cemeteries

    • Located near Indian villages


Mission life

Mission Life

  • Who lived at the mission?

    • Padres

    • Indians


Padres jobs

Padres Jobs

  • Conducted Sunday Services

  • Managed mission

  • Responsible forvisitors


Indian women s jobs

Indian Women’s Jobs

  • Cooked

  • Cleaned

  • Tanned hides

  • Gardened

  • Made candles and soap


Indian men s jobs

Indian Men’s Jobs

  • Took care of the animals

  • Blacksmith

  • Made tools for use on the farm

  • Made necessary buildings


Indian children jobs

Indian Children Jobs

  • Watched and fed the livestock

  • Helped plant the crops

  • Kept animals out of the crops

  • Helped clean mission grounds


Treatment of the indians

Treatment of theIndians

  • Had to give up their way of life

  • Had to become Catholic

  • Could not speak their language

  • Were beaten if they tried to leave/escape


Closing of the missions

Closing of the Missions

  • Mexico won war with Spain

  • Did not like to be reminded of Spanish rule

  • Wanted the Indians to become part of the Mexican society


Law of 1833

Law of 1833

  • Divided Mission lands up over fifteen year period

  • Mission became a pueblo

  • Half of land was to be given to the Indians

    • tricked out of their land

    • many sold their land

    • many went to work for new land owners


Mission san juan capistrano

Mission San Juan Capistrano

  • Founded first by Fr. Lasuen Oct. 1775

  • Founded second time by Fr. Serra 1776

  • Falling apart in 1866

  • Destroyed by an earthquake in 1812

  • 1910 Father O”Sullivan took it over


Swallows of san juan capistrano

Swallows of San Juan Capistrano

  • March 19th swallows return

  • Huge crowds welcome their return

  • Nests in old mission church

  • Return to South America in October


Mission san juan today

Mission San Juan Today

  • Small town named for the mission

  • Curio Shops and restaurants

  • Mission Grounds

  • Still undergoing restoration

  • 10 acres of outdoor museum


Comprehension questions

Comprehension Questions

  • Why was Father Serra important?

  • Who lived at the missions?

  • How were the Native Americans who lived at the missions treated?

  • Name one reason why the Mexican governement wanted to close the missions.

  • What happened to the Native Americans after the missions closed?

  • What were some of the jobs of the children at the mission?

  • What was the first mission?

  • Why did all the missions have bells?


Fun facts

FUN FACTS

  • Father Serra’s finger is buried at the Santa Barbara Mission

  • The ghosts of a caretaker and his family are said to haunt Mission San Miguel

  • It took 54 years to build all of the missions

  • The bells at San Juan Capistrano are said to have rung by themselves when a very devout Indian girl name Matilda died while putting flowers on the altar.

  • Serra Chapel at Mission San Juan Capistrano is said to be the oldest building in California.

  • San Antonio de Padua is located on a military base.


California missions 1262342

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