California missions
1 / 20

California Missions - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

California Missions. By Marilyn Kowsari October 12, 2007. What was a mission?. A religious settlement. Location of the Missions. Founder of the Missions. Father Serra Born in 1713 in Petra, Isla del Mellora Spain Founded 9 of the 21 missions

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'California Missions' - paul

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
California missions

California Missions

By Marilyn Kowsari

October 12, 2007

What was a mission
What was a mission?

  • A religious settlement

Founder of the missions
Founder of the Missions

  • Father Serra

  • Born in 1713 in Petra, Isla del Mellora Spain

  • Founded 9 of the 21 missions

  • Died in 1784 and buried at San Carlos Borromeo Mission

Purpose of the bells
Purpose of the Bells

  • Call people to meals

  • Call people to work

  • Call people to prayer

  • Tell some important news

Characteristics of the missions
Characteristics of the missions

  • Things in common

    • They all had bells

    • Cemeteries

    • Located near Indian villages

Mission life
Mission Life

  • Who lived at the mission?

    • Padres

    • Indians

Padres jobs
Padres Jobs

  • Conducted Sunday Services

  • Managed mission

  • Responsible forvisitors

Indian women s jobs
Indian Women’s Jobs

  • Cooked

  • Cleaned

  • Tanned hides

  • Gardened

  • Made candles and soap

Indian men s jobs
Indian Men’s Jobs

  • Took care of the animals

  • Blacksmith

  • Made tools for use on the farm

  • Made necessary buildings

Indian children jobs
Indian Children Jobs

  • Watched and fed the livestock

  • Helped plant the crops

  • Kept animals out of the crops

  • Helped clean mission grounds

Treatment of the indians
Treatment of theIndians

  • Had to give up their way of life

  • Had to become Catholic

  • Could not speak their language

  • Were beaten if they tried to leave/escape

Closing of the missions
Closing of the Missions

  • Mexico won war with Spain

  • Did not like to be reminded of Spanish rule

  • Wanted the Indians to become part of the Mexican society

Law of 1833
Law of 1833

  • Divided Mission lands up over fifteen year period

  • Mission became a pueblo

  • Half of land was to be given to the Indians

    • tricked out of their land

    • many sold their land

    • many went to work for new land owners

Mission san juan capistrano
Mission San Juan Capistrano

  • Founded first by Fr. Lasuen Oct. 1775

  • Founded second time by Fr. Serra 1776

  • Falling apart in 1866

  • Destroyed by an earthquake in 1812

  • 1910 Father O”Sullivan took it over

Swallows of san juan capistrano
Swallows of San Juan Capistrano

  • March 19th swallows return

  • Huge crowds welcome their return

  • Nests in old mission church

  • Return to South America in October

Mission san juan today
Mission San Juan Today

  • Small town named for the mission

  • Curio Shops and restaurants

  • Mission Grounds

  • Still undergoing restoration

  • 10 acres of outdoor museum

Comprehension questions
Comprehension Questions

  • Why was Father Serra important?

  • Who lived at the missions?

  • How were the Native Americans who lived at the missions treated?

  • Name one reason why the Mexican governement wanted to close the missions.

  • What happened to the Native Americans after the missions closed?

  • What were some of the jobs of the children at the mission?

  • What was the first mission?

  • Why did all the missions have bells?

Fun facts

  • Father Serra’s finger is buried at the Santa Barbara Mission

  • The ghosts of a caretaker and his family are said to haunt Mission San Miguel

  • It took 54 years to build all of the missions

  • The bells at San Juan Capistrano are said to have rung by themselves when a very devout Indian girl name Matilda died while putting flowers on the altar.

  • Serra Chapel at Mission San Juan Capistrano is said to be the oldest building in California.

  • San Antonio de Padua is located on a military base.