Entry 5
Download
1 / 14

Overview of the Georgia Colony - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 91 Views
  • Uploaded on

Entry 5. Overview of the Georgia Colony. James Edward Oglethorpe. Born December 1696 Started in Parliament at age 25 Became a hero to the poor in England He released debtors from prison and worked to reform prisons while in Parliament. James Edward Oglethorpe.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Overview of the Georgia Colony' - travis


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Entry 5

Entry 5

Overview of the Georgia Colony


James edward oglethorpe
James Edward Oglethorpe

  • Born December 1696

  • Started in Parliament at age 25

  • Became a hero to the poor in England

    • He released debtors from prison and worked to reform prisons while in Parliament


James edward oglethorpe1
James Edward Oglethorpe

  • Both Oglethorpe and John Percival proposed a new colony to be developed in N. America for debtors and charity cases.


James edward oglethorpe2
James Edward Oglethorpe

  • In the war between England and Spain

  • Oglethorpe was a Colonel and led the attack against the Spanish in the Battle of the Bloody Marsh

  • Was promoted to General afterwards and went home to England


Tomochichi
Tomochichi

  • Born around 1650

  • Leader of the Yamacraw Indian tribe

  • The Yamacraw’s were part of the Creek Indians


Tomochichi1
tomochichi

  • Allowed colonists to have the land between the Savannah and the Altamaha Rivers

  • Set up trade agreements and prices with the colonists.

  • Went to England w/ Oglethorpe where officials were impressed with him and showered him with money and gifts.


Tomochichi the battle of bloody marsh
Tomochichi & the battle of Bloody Marsh

  • Wanted to remain neutral

  • Fought alongside Oglethorpe during the Battle of Bloody Marsh

    ~ After Tomochichi’s death, Oglethorpe, living in England, paid for a full military funeral on his behalf.


Failures and gaines

The Georgia Colony

Failures and Gaines


Failures and gaines for georgia

Failures

Gaines

  • Few debtors ever reached colony’s shores.

  • Colony was an economic failure.

  • Many colonists moved elsewhere.

  • Rum and slavery were eventually introduced after all.

  • Lack of leadership after Oglethorpe left (Colony had 4 different leaders before it became a Royal Colony.)

  • 5,500 people settled in Georgia and built new homes to start their lives.

  • Protestants were able to practice their religion freely.

  • Georgia was safe from Spanish invasion and had worked out treaties with Indians.

  • Colonists gained ownership of land and women could inherit property.

  • Colony survived despite hardships of the first 20 years.

Failures and Gaines for Georgia


Georgia under trustee rule royal rule

What were the differences?

Georgia under Trustee Rule / Royal rule


Boundaries

Trustee Rule

Royal Rule

  • All land between the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean

  • Boundary Changed in 1763 when the St. Mary’s river was made the Southern boundary and the Mississippi River was declared the Western Boundary.

boundaries


Government

Trustee

royal

  • All laws and regulations by the Trustees in England were subject to approval by the King. Oglethorpe, as resident Trustee, served as a type of Governor.

  • Georgia was under direct control of the British government.

  • A Royal Governor and legislative body were assigned to make the laws.

  • Adult , white, male landowners could vote and serve in that legislative body

  • Parishes were created.

Government


Religion

Trustees

Royal

  • There was NO established church.

  • Freedom of religion existed, except for Catholics who were not allowed in the colony.

  • The Anglican Church (Church of England) was established as the official church of the colony.

Religion


Land ownership slavery

Trustees

Royal

  • Ownership was restricted to 50 acres.

  • Colonists who paid their own way could receive up to 500 acres.

  • Could not sell the land

  • If a colonist left, the land was returned to the trustees

  • Land could only be inherited by a male heir

  • Slavery – NOT allowed until 1750

  • Limits on land ownership were removed.

  • IndianLand was given away under the Headright system.

    • 100 Acres and additional land for each family member

  • Land could now be inherited by females as well as males.

  • Slavery - Allowed

Land Ownership & Slavery


ad