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The World Today. Chapter 2 . Section 3: The Developing World. LEQ’s What are the major goals of developing nations? What economic problems do developing nations face? How does underdevelopment contribute to widespread poverty?

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The World Today

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The world today

The World Today

Chapter 2


Section 3 the developing world

Section 3: The Developing World

LEQ’s

  • What are the major goals of developing nations?

  • What economic problems do developing nations face?

  • How does underdevelopment contribute to widespread poverty?

  • Vocabulary: cash crop, modernization, tariff, privatization, literacy, population density.


Vocabulary define in notebook

Vocabulary: define in notebook

  • cash crop

  • Modernization

  • Tariff

  • Privatization

  • Literacy

  • population density


Cash crops

Cash Crops

  • Imperialists nations encouraged Africa, Asia, and Latin American people to grow cash crops.

  • Cash Crop- agricultural goods sold on the world market to make a profit.

    • Examples: Cotton, rice, coffee and sugar

  • Effects of cash crops:

    • Made less developed countries dependent on Europe and the US

    • Third world nations remained tied economically to their former rulers

    • Economy based on one cash crop would fail if price of the crop fell.


Goals of modernization

Goals of Modernization

  • Political Stability-

  • Economic diversity- producing various kinds of crops and goods so a nation is no longer dependent on a single export

  • Education and Services- Increase literacy

    • Literacy- ability to read and write.

    • Improve medical care, housing, water and sewage systems.


Debt crisis

Debt Crisis

  • To modernize countries needed to build transportation and communication systems.

    • Lack money so they borrow from western industrialized nations to do this.

    • 70’s oil prices soared and underdeveloped countries need to borrow money to pay for fuel.

    • 80’s interest rates rose and many could not pay back debt.

    • Prices fell for crops being sold by developing nations.

    • Developing nations use much of their income to pay back debts and cannot provide many basic services for their people.


Problems of development

Problems of Development

  • Population explosion- have a large amount of children to help

    • People are living longer

    • More children survive to adulthood

  • Urbanization-rapid movement to already crowded cities cause high population density.

    • Lack housing, schools, basic health care, and sanitation services to keep up with growth.

  • Cultural Change- people moving to cities have fewer ties to family and community and leads to more crime, drug abuse, and loss of traditional values.

  • Growing gap between developing and developed nations- drought and other natural disasters lead to crop failure and hunger for poor nations.


Answer the following in your notebook

Answer the following in your notebook:

  • What are the major goals of developing nations?

  • What economic problems do developing nations face?

  • How does underdevelopment contribute to widespread poverty?


Section 4 growing interdependence

Section 4: Growing Interdependence

  • LEQ’s

  • How is the world becoming more interdependent?

  • Why is concern for the environment increasing?

  • What efforts are underway to protect human rights?

  • How is technology shaping the future?


Organizations

Organizations

  • UN- United Nations: preserve world peace and to cooperate in solving global social and economic problems. 193 member nations today originally there were 54

  • WHO- World Health Organization: Support programs to wipe out deadly diseases. UNAIDS

  • IMF- International Monetary Fund: encourages expansion of world trade


Global concerns

Global Concerns

  • Drug Trade

    • Poverty and underdevelopment contribute to illegal drug trade.

    • Farms grow illegal crops because the can make more money

  • Environment- pollution

    • As countries become industrialized they become polluters and they cannot afford expensive programs to end pollution.

    • Desire to earn income has led to destruction of land and natural resources- rainforest which provides 90% of world’s oxygen.

  • Human Rights:

    • basic rights are freedom of speech, religion, press, fair trial, earn a living and live in safety from attack.

    • Groups check human rights around the world and trade limits and sanctions can be placed on nations for not respecting them.

  • Technology and the future


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