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Kenya’s Youth Today. From the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey. There are --- million young people (age 15-24) in Kenya today. Inspirational Quote Here. Presentation Outline. Picture of Kenya’s youth today Growing up in the shadow of HIV/AIDS

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Kenya’s Youth Today

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Kenya s youth today

Kenya’s Youth Today

From the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey


Kenya s youth today

There are --- million young people (age 15-24) in Kenya today.


Kenya s youth today

  • Inspirational Quote Here


Presentation outline

Presentation Outline

  • Picture of Kenya’s youth today

  • Growing up in the shadow of HIV/AIDS

  • What do young people know about HIV/AIDS?

  • Sexual practices

  • Family planning use

  • Marital violence, smoking and alcohol

  • Next Steps


Source of data

Source of Data

  • 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS)

  • Fieldwork took place April- Sept. 2003


Kenya s youth today1

Kenya’s Youth Today


Education of young women and men

Education of Young Women and Men

Percent of men and women (15-24) who have completed primary school or more

47%

51%

11%

43%

Kenya: 53 %

70%

Greater than national average

Less than national average

47%

44%

81%


Education

Education


Employment

Employment


Growing up in the shadow of aids

Growing Up in the Shadow of AIDS


Hiv prevalence by province

HIV Prevalence by Province

4.0%

5.3%

<1%

Kenya: 6.7%

4.9%

Greater than national average

Less than national average

No positive HIV tests

4.9%

15.1%

5.8%

9.9%


Hiv prevalence by age

HIV Prevalence by Age

prevalence

Age


Hiv prevalence among young people age 15 24

HIV Prevalence Among Young People (age 15-24)

1%

3%

<1%

Kenya: 3.6%

2%

Greater than national average

Less than national average

No positive HIV tests

4%

9%

3%

4%


Hiv prevalence and age at first sex

HIV Prevalence and Age at First Sex

Percent HIV-positive


What do young people know about hiv aids

What Do Young People Know About HIV/AIDS?


Knowledge of condoms

Knowledge of Condoms

Percent who know that using condoms prevents transmission of HIV/AIDS


Knowledge of maternal to child transmission of hiv aids

Knowledge of Maternal to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS

Percent who know that HIV can be spread during breastfeeding


Knowledge prevention of maternal to child transmission of hiv

Knowledge Prevention of Maternal to Child Transmission of HIV

Percent who know that taking drugs during pregnancy can reduce transmission risks


Sexual practices

Sexual Practices


Sexual behavior among youth

Sexual Behavior among Youth

  • Women: almosthalf of young women have sex by the time they turn 18. And more than one in ten (13%) have sex by the time they are 15.

  • Men: Young men start having sex at an earlier age. Sixty percent had sex by age 18, and a quarter had sex by age 15.

    The good news: Young people are waiting longer to start having sex than they did 5 years ago.


Teen pregnancy and motherhood

Teen Pregnancy and Motherhood

Percent of women age 15-19 who are mothers or pregnant with their first child.

15%

31%

29%

27%

15%

Kenya: 23%

21%

Greater than national average

Less than national average

29%

20%


Premarital sex and condom use

Premarital Sex and Condom Use

Percent


Multiple sexual partners

Multiple Sexual Partners

Percent of all women and men who had more than 1 sexual partnership in the past year

Age


Hiv testing

HIV Testing

Percent of all women and men who have ever been tested and received results

Age


Use of family planning

Use of Family Planning


Current use of family planning

Current Use of Family Planning

Percent of all women using a family planning method

Age


Unmet need for family planning

Unmet Need for Family Planning

Percent of all women with an unmet need for family planning (either they do not want any more children or want to wait at least 2 years before their next birth but are NOT using a method of family planning)

Age


Violence alcohol and tobacco

Violence, Alcohol and Tobacco


Marital violence

Marital Violence

Percent of married and divorced/ separated women, age 20-24 who have experienced violence by their most recent or current husband


Alcohol and tobacco use

Alcohol and Tobacco Use

  • One in five men age 20-24 smoke cigarettes.

  • Almost one in three men age 20-24 drank alcohol in the month before the survey.

  • Young women drink much less frequently than men; only 4% of 20-24 year old women drank alcohol in the month before the survey.


What does this mean

What Does This Mean?


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