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From OpenCourseWare to Open CourseWare. With a Space. Brandon Muramatsu, [email protected] MIT Office of Educational Innovation and Technology. Citation: Muramatsu, B., (2010). From OpenCourseWare to Open CourseWare. Presented at OER ’ 11: Manchester, UK, May 12, 2011.

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from opencourseware to open courseware

From OpenCourseWare to Open CourseWare

With a

Space

Brandon Muramatsu, [email protected]

MIT Office of Educational Innovation and Technology

Citation: Muramatsu, B., (2010). From OpenCourseWare to Open CourseWare.

Presented at OER’11: Manchester, UK, May 12, 2011.

continuing the cat meme
Continuing the Cat Meme…

Clearly needs OER

OER = less cross-eyed kittehs

Source: icanhascheezeburger. (2009, March 9). algeblahconfuzez mi. Retrieved May 11, 2011 from icanhascheeseburger.com website: http://icanhascheezburger.com/2009/03/07/funny-pictures-algeblahconfuzezmi/

but i m a dog person
But I’m a dog person…

…everyone say,“Awwwww!”

Source: icanhasahotdog. (2009, August 2). Puppy Defense System CODENAME: CUTENESS. Retrieved May 11, 2011 from icanhascheeseburger.com website: http://dogs.icanhascheezburger.com/2009/08/02/cute-puppy-pictures-codename-cuteness/

the talk i was going to give was going to go something like
The talk I was going to give was going to go something like…
  • We’re experimenting with what we can do with the course materials published in MIT OpenCourseWare –for– MIT.
  • Namely, let’s restructure the materials and import them into Moodle and build assessments around them … turning them into “real” Open CourseWare.
  • And then, here’s a working example and what we learned… But…

With a

Space

somewhere along the way i got sidetracked
Somewhere along the wayI got sidetracked…
  • This little conference in [the other] Cambridge…http://bit.ly/ocwcglobal-wrapup
  • …so, my apologies…
  • Instead I’ll describe the motivation and process we will be exploring this summer.
caveats
Caveats
  • I’m with the MIT Office of Educational Innovation and Technology (OEIT)
    • I don’t work for MIT OpenCourseWare
    • I *do* work with them
    • So, I don’t represent MIT OpenCourseWare
  • Also, I’m not making institutional commitments about MIT or MIT OpenCourseWare
mit ocw is a publication
MIT OCW is a Publication
  • MIT OpenCourseWare is a free publication of MIT course materials that reflects almost all the undergraduate and graduate subjects taught at MIT.
    • OCW is not an MIT education.
    • OCW does not grant degrees or certificates.
    • OCW does not provide access to MIT faculty.
    • Materials may not reflect entire content of the course.

Reference: MIT OCW. (2010). About OCW. Retrieved on May 5, 2010 from

MIT OCW Website: http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/about/about/index.htm

but we re at mit certainly we should be able to do more with opencourseware
…but…we’re at MIT, certainly we should be able to do more with OpenCourseWare…

Wouldn’t it be great ifMIT OCW…?

sure oeit can develop a custom copy of mit ocw
Sure…OEIT can develop a custom copy of MIT OCW
  • Mirror of MIT OCW site
  • Within boundaries of Creative CommonsLicense, by-nc-sa
  • Project Greenfield

http://greenfield.mit.edu

[email protected]

project greenfield
Project Greenfield
  • MIT Faculty have asked us about…
    • Interactivity
    • Tools and services
    • Innovative browse mechanisms
  • OEIT’s goals are to:
    • Support MIT faculty
    • Experiment, to show what’s possible (e.g., Web 2.0)
    • Prototype tools and services
  • … all with MIT OCW course materials

Project Greenfield

further motivations
Further Motivations
  • OEIT
    • Experiment with tools, content delivery
  • Internal to MIT
    • Lots of internal discussions
    • Increase use of MIT OCW for on-campus courses
    • Experiment with other LMS/VLEs
  • External to MIT
    • Increase in OER and especially open course development (Saylor Foundation saylor.org, Washington SBCTC Open Textbooks, etc.)
    • New models in certification (P2PU, KNEXT, etc.)
new old terminology
“New” (Old?) Terminology
  • Open CourseWare
  • Especially in the context of the Educause Next Generation Learning Challenges (NGLC) program

With a

Space

open courseware
Open CourseWare

With a

Space

  • Should facilitate rich interactivity with instructor, peers, and content;
  • Must be of the highest pedagogical and technical quality, integrating effective teaching strategies and interactive technologies;
  • Should include clear student learning objectives and assessment strategies that monitor and review student success;
  • Must be standards-based to ensure they can be used broadly, yet be customizable to the needs of different learners/instructors (including persons with disabilities); [and]
  • Should be openly licensed to allow institutions and faculty to tailor to local needs and improve the courseware over time.

Reference: Next Generation Learning Challenges. (2011). Open Core CourseWare.

Retrieved May 11, 2011 from Next Generation Learning Challenges Website:

http://nextgenlearning.org/the-grants/wave-1-challenges/open-core-courseware/articles/open-core-courses

mit opencourseware
MIT OpenCourseWare
  • Serves a number of user groups:
    • Faculty looking to teach a new subject, to see how other faculty (esp. MIT faculty) teach courses
    • Students, at MIT and elsewhere, looking for resources to help them with a course
    • Independent learners
  • Is a publication
    • Snapshot of courses taught by a particular faculty in a particular term
    • Has whatever materials the faculty made available
    • Typically has slides and lecture notes, perhaps assignments and exams.
mit ocw scholar goals
MIT OCW Scholar Goals
  • Designed for independent learners who have few additional resources available to them.
  • The courses are substantially more complete than typical OCW courses and include new custom-created content as well as materials repurposed from MIT classrooms.
  • The materials are also arranged in logical sequences and include multimedia such as video and simulations.

Reference: MIT OCW. (2011). OCW Scholar. Retrieved May 11, 2011 from

MIT OCW Website: http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/ocw-scholar/

features of ocw scholar courses
Features of OCW Scholar Courses
  • Modularized Content
  • With Quizzes
  • Includes Video
  • Includes link to OpenStudy groups
  • Good step, but pretty big concept chunks
  • Formative assessments, but static and in PDF format <- consistent with other MIT OCW materials
  • Link to specific time segments
  • Can ask a question and get an answer, but still not a “course”

Designed for independent learners

what are others doing to build upon mit opencourseware openstudy
What are others doing to build upon MIT OpenCourseWare?—OpenStudy
  • Allowing users to connect with other learners
    • OpenStudy (9 courses)

6.00 Introduction to Computer Science

18.01 Single Variable Calculus (Fall 2006)

6.001 Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs

6.002 Circuits and Electronics

8.01 Physics I: Classical Mechanics

8.02 Electricity and Magnetism

18.01 Single Variable Calculus (Fall 2006)

18.02 Multivariable Calculus

18.06 Linear Algebra

Source: OpenStudyhttp://openstudy.com/questions/A-6500-kg-helicopter-accelerates-upward-at-0.60-ms-while-lifting-a-1200-kg-car.--a-What-is-the-lift-force-exerted-by-the-air-on-the-r-4cbd2903fddb3a7f0a66df45

what are others doing to build upon mit opencourseware nixty
What are others doing to build upon MIT OpenCourseWare?—Nixty
  • “Tracking progress through a course”
    • Nixty-versions of MIT OCW Courses

Source: Nixty, http://nixty.com/course/Physics-I-Classical-Mechanics-MIT-Walter-Lewin

what are others doing to build upon mit ocw saylor foundation
What are others doing to build upon MIT OCW ?—Saylor Foundation
  • Remixing OERs, including MIT OCW
  • Includes Learning Outcomes
  • Adding Final Assessments

Source: Saylor Foundation, http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma252

reusing courses or teaching directly from oers ocws
Reusing Courses, or Teaching directly from OERs/OCWs
  • Questions of scale, and…
  • How much investment are you willing to undertake?
    • For example, MIT OCW, consistent with their mission takes a large investment to achieve the breadth, instead of focusing on all the other things that would make “Open CourseWare”
    • How much investment is necessary to create a “course” from the course materials?
so what does this mean for the project

So what does this mean for the project?

Other Developments and

OCW Scholar

interactivity
Interactivity
  • “Should facilitate rich interactivity with instructor, peers, and content.”
    • I’m not sure about this one yet.
    • External OERs and learning objects?
high quality
High Quality
  • “Must be of the highest pedagogical and technical quality, integrating effective teaching strategies and interactive technologies.”
    • Arguably, high quality already
    • But, not designed for “teaching from…”
    • Newly designed for “learning from…”
    • Not especially interactive—but lots of resources out there
learning objectives and assessment
Learning Objectives and Assessment
  • “Should include clear student learning objectives and assessment strategies that monitor and review student success.”
    • Snapshot of course, with materials provided by faculty
    • Broadly speaking only engineering faculty have somewhat detailed learning objectives (because of accreditation)
    • May or may not include assessments
customizable
Customizable
  • “Must be standards-based to ensure they can be used broadly, yet be customizable to the needs of different learners/instructors.”
    • Arguably already broadly used, but room for improvement
    • Technically hard to customize, because of how materials are published (PDF)
what might the end result look like for mit
What might the end result look like(for MIT)?
  • OCW Scholar + Collaboration + Assesments + Facilitators = Open CourseWare
  • Might be an ongoing instantiation of a massively open online course
  • Probably be able to import this Open CourseWare course into your LMS/VLE
opened 2011
OpenEd 2011
  • OpenEd 2011, October 24-27
  • Park City, Utah <-It’s not Logan! Think ski resort!
  • Call for Presentations: Monday, May 16
    • Presentations, Open Science Fair, Questioning Our Assumptions
  • http://OpenEdConference.org
thanks

Thanks!

Brandon Muramatsu, [email protected]

MIT Office of Educational Innovation and Technology

Citation: Muramatsu, B., (2010). From OpenCourseWare to Open CourseWare.

Presented at OER’11: Manchester, UK, May 12, 2011.

greenfield as a platform
Greenfield as a Platform
  • Tools
    • Integrated Recommender
    • Video Tools
    • Concept Tools [Jeff Merriman’s presentation]
    • CaPRéT [newly funded JISC project]
  • Instructional Design and Assessments
integrated recommender
Integrated Recommender
  • Recommender relates content
    • MIT OCW Courses -> MIT OCW Courses
    • MIT OCW Courses <-> OERs
  • Based on Folksemantic.com/OER Recommender
    • Currently overlay of OCW/OER sites

MIT Faculty: Dave Pritchard, Physics & Haynes Miller, Mathematics

concept browser
Concept Browser
  • OCW is working on providing concept-type descriptions for some course materials
    • OCW Scholar
      • Concept level (1-10 concepts per course)
      • Includes learning objectives, some formative assessment
      • Created by faculty
    • Core Concept Catalog
      • Very high-level, course concepts
      • Hand applied
concept browser1
Concept Browser
  • What are we doing?
    • iPad application (Vijay Umapathy, M.Eng. student)
      • Search by concept, browse multiple media (text and video)
      • “Playback” from the concept
    • Core Concept Catalog
intrasite hyperlinking link within the site
Intrasite Hyperlinking(Link within the site)
  • Cross-reference key terms internally across all OCW content
    • Service:
      • Could limit to OCW content, or expand to selected/all OER repositories
      • Could link to Wikipedia for definitions
    • Development:
      • Needs subject list, key terms, controlled vocabulary
      • Testing with content experts for relevance of search results
capr t cut and paste reuse tracking tool
CaPRéT(Cut and Paste Reuse Tracking tool)
  • Cut and paste from a lecture?
    • Simple cut and paste supported from HTML pages
    • Simple cut and paste possible from PDF/Word/etc.
    • What about tynt.com-style support
      • When the user highlights text, an automatic linkback to exact location in original page is created
      • Extend tynt.com to add attribution information automatically and pasted with text

Reference: Muramatsu, B. (2009, August 27). Plagiarism is Good™ Revisited. Retrieved on

May 5, 2010 from Brandon Muramatsu’s Website: http://www.mura.org/2009/08/plagiarism-is-good-revisited/

building upon mit opencourseware
Building Upon MIT OpenCourseWare
  • These work well because MIT OpenCourseWare remains a publication
    • “Magnify the value of [the] publication.”
  • These services are provided and supported external to MIT OpenCourseWare
    • Very “light” integration (page/links or copy of content)

Source: MIT OpenCourseWare. (2010). MIT OpenCourseWare Teams Up with OpenStudy to Help OCW Users Connect and Study Together [Press Release]. Retrieved from:http://ocw.mit.edu/about/media-coverage/press-releases/mit-opencourseware-teams-up-with-openstudy-to-help-ocw-users-connect-and-study-together/

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