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SEARCH AND RESCUE. Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre. Awareness and Initial Actions. National SAR System. Victoria Search and Rescue Region and Adjoining Search and Rescue Regions. JRCC Controller Duties and Responsibilities. Requests for assistance can come from anywhere, similar to 911

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Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre

Awareness and Initial Actions

National SAR System

Victoria Search and Rescue Region and Adjoining Search and Rescue Regions

JRCC Controller Duties and Responsibilities

  • Requests for assistance can come from anywhere, similar to 911

  • Investigate, evaluate and consider the facts and circumstances to determine a course of action to resolve the incident

  • Detect and dispatch, matching the tasking at hand to a suitable and available resource

Incident Classification

  • Marine Incident

    • Original vehicle operates on water

  • Air incident

    • Involves manned aircraft regardless of where aircraft came to rest

  • Humanitarian

    • Medivacs, missing persons, civilian assistance, enforcement

Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre


Getting the Call

  • Telephone, Pager, Radio

  • JRCC

    • 1-800-567-5111

  • MCTS

    • VHF 16, *16

  • 911

Getting the info

  • Checklists

  • Initial tasking information

Stages of an Incident

Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre


SAR Vessel Capabilities

  • All SAR marine resources must be capable of:

    • Incident detection & search capability

    • Survivor Recovery

    • Firefighting

    • Towing

    • Salvage & damage control

  • To what extent they can carry out these tasks is a function of their size and crew training.

SAR Vessel Characteristics

  • Type 600/1050 - Narwhal, John Tully

  • Large SAR cutter/high endurance

  • All weather patrol

  • Offshore operations

SAR Vessel Characteristics

  • Type 500 - Gordon Reid, Tanu

  • Intermediate SAR cutter/medium endurance

  • Moderate weather patrol

  • Close offshore operations

CG Gordon Reid

SAR Vessel Characteristics

  • Type 400 - Arrow Post, Pt. Henry

  • Small Cutter/station mode

  • Medium range/moderate speed

  • Semi sheltered waters operations

CG Cutter Point Race

SAR Vessel Characteristics


Air Cushion Vehicle

Air Cushion Vehicle

47 foot Lifeboat

753 Rigid Hull Inflatable

Cormorant Helicopter

Buffalo Aircraft

Aurora Maritime Patrol Aircraft

Sea King with Canadian Frigates


Royal Canadian MarineSearch & Rescue

Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre

Search Planning and Operations

Creeping Line SearchUsed when search object is more likelyto be at one end of search area than the other


Parallel Track SearchUsed when search object could be anywhere in search area



Sector SearchUsed when there is a high likelihood that search objectis at datum.

each turn is 120 degrees



2 TS

Search Unit passes repeatedly through datum.

5 TS

Each turn is

90 degrees.

3 TS

1 TS

5 TS

3 TS

1 TS

2 TS

4 TS

6 TS

2 TS

4 TS

6 TS

Expanding Square SearchUsed when there is a high likelihood that search objectis at datum.


  • Align search legs

  • with cardinal points

  • Carry two DMB’s

Barrier SearchUsed in areas of rapid current, usually a river or confined space.


  • Pick landmarks to

  • steer on.

  • SRU must be angled to

  • stem current

  • OSC usually takes this search

  • if it’s a multi-unit search

  • Main search areas upcurrent

Search Area

Surge Channel

Shoreline SearchA favourite for RHI’s

Boulder Beach

Sandy Beach





  • SRU must stay within beam sighting

  • distance of beach.

  • All possibilities must be investigated.

  • Safety of walking Search Units



Joint Rescue Co-ordination Centre

Rescue Planning and Operations

What is Risk Management?

  • A process by which we can maintain an acceptable level of safety during the operation

  • Safety

    • The identification and control of risk

  • Risk Management

    • The identification and control of risk, according to a set of preconceived parameters

StopStop outside of the event zone (100 feet in most marine situations).

Assess Everybody observes, being careful to only discuss their observations and not plans.

PlanEverybody gets input on the plan but the leader has the last say. The leader assigns tasks and clarifies each team member’s role. When everyone acknowledges the plan, the team can approach.

Mission Analysis

  • organize team to meet mission objectives

  • allocate resources to critical tasks

  • monitor teams and environment, and adjust resources as necessary

Mission Analysis

  • define tasks

  • verify data

  • discuss objectives

  • assess risk: safety risks, evaluate loss potential

  • assemble plan

  • critique plan


  • The potential loss from unplanned events

    • Injury, occupational illness or death

    • Equipment damage

    • Mission degradation

    • Reduced moral

    • Adverse publicity

    • Administrative and/or disciplinary actions


Getting Underway

Harbour Transit

Mission Operations



Risk assessed for transit and mission

Reassess Risk

Reassess Risk

Reassess transit and Mission Risks

Reassess risk to resources

Operational Risk Assessment

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