Medical entomology studies on arthropods as transmitter and causal of diseases
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MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY STUDIES ON ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER AND CAUSAL OF DISEASES PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY STUDIES ON ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER AND CAUSAL OF DISEASES. I. ARTHROPODS as causal diseases  ENTOMOFOBI ANNOYANCE BLOOD LOSS TISSUE DAMAGE TOXINS DERMATOSES ALLERGY MYIASIS.

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MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY STUDIES ON ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER AND CAUSAL OF DISEASES

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Medical entomology studies on arthropods as transmitter and causal of diseases

MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGYSTUDIES ON ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER AND CAUSAL OF DISEASES


Medical entomology studies on arthropods as transmitter and causal of diseases

I. ARTHROPODSas causal diseases ENTOMOFOBI ANNOYANCE BLOOD LOSS TISSUE DAMAGE TOXINS DERMATOSES ALLERGY MYIASIS

II. ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER OF DISEASES

VECTOR (MECHANIC/BIOLOGIC)

OR

 INTERMEDIATE HOST


Medical entomology studies on arthropods as transmitter and causal of diseases

MOSQUITOES

Suborder: NematoceraFamily: Culicidae

Subfamily (MEDICAL IMPORTANT):

Toxorhynchitinae: Toxorrhynchites

Culicinae: Culex, Aedes

Anopheline: Anopheles

Mansonia


Family culicidae

Family : Culicidae

  • Tubuh, sayap, proboscis langsing

  • Sebaran luas: kutub sampai tropis

  • 1500 m di bwh tanah - 5000 m

  • Breeding places: air bervariasi, tawar, payau, asin, di daratan, di tepi laut, di atas pohon, terang/teduh

  • Dewasa; di udara

    Larva pupa di air

    Telur di benda padat


Morfologi nyamuk

MORFOLOGI NYAMUK

DEWASA


Diferensiasi larva nyamuk

DIFERENSIASILARVA NYAMUK


Nyamuk vektor penyakit

NYAMUK VEKTOR PENYAKIT

  • MALARIA

  • FILARIASIS

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A: SEMUANYA DITULARKAN OLEH NYAMUK, MISALNYA CHIKUNGUNYA.

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP B:

    YELLOW FEVER, DENGUE VIRUS, ST.LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS, MURRAY VALLEY ENCEPHALITIS, WEST NILE,

  • ARBOVIRUS LAIN: BUNYAWERA, BWAMBA, CALIFORNIA.


Anopheles

ANOPHELES

  • PENULAR MALARIA

    (30 – 50 SPECIES ANOPHELES):

    Anoph.sundaicus,Anoph.aconitus, Anoph.barbirostris, Anoph.subpictus, etc.

  • BREEDING PLACES:BERVARIASI SESUAI SPESIES DAN DISTRIBUSI LINGKUNGAN.

    ANOPHELES SUNDAICUS : AIR PAYAU, (LAGOON)

    ANOPHELES ACONITUS : AIR SAWAH, TAWAR.


Anopheles vektor penyakit

ANOPHELES Vektor penyakit

  • MALARIA

  • FILARIASIS MALAYI PERIODIK

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A (O’NYONG NYONG)

  • VENEZUELEAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS

  • WESTERN ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS


Morfologi kepala anopheles

MORFOLOGI KEPALA ANOPHELES


Anopheles1

ANOPHELES


Sayap bersisik posisi menggigit membentuk sudut

Sayap: bersisikPosisi menggigit: membentuk sudut


Aedes morfolo gi

AEDES MORFOLOGI


Breeding places aedes

BREEDING PLACESAEDES

AEDES AEGYPTI: GENANGAN AIR BERSIH: BAK MANDI, TANDON AIR, TEMPAYAN AIR MINUM, GELAS PLASTIK AIR MINUM (BUATAN MANUSIA, DI DALAM RUMAH)

AEDES ALBOPICTUS:BAN BEKAS, KALENG BEKAS, .LUBANG POHON, PELEPAH PISANG, TEMPURUNG KELAPA(DI LUAR RUMAH)


Aedes vektor penyakit

AEDES VEKTOR PENYAKIT

  • FILARIASIS BANCROFTI DIURNAL

  • FILARIASIS MALAYI (AEDES TOGOI)

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A: CHIKUNGUNYA, VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS, WESTERN ENCEPHALITIS, EASTERN ENCEPHALITIS

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP B: YELLOW FEVER, DENGUE


Medical entomology studies on arthropods as transmitter and causal of diseases

CULEX BIOLOGIBREEDING PLACE:BERVARIASI SESUAI SPESIES:AIR SELOKAN, AIR TINGGI BAHAN ORGANIK, AIR RAWA, AIR TANAH


Culex vektor penyakit

CULEX VEKTOR PENYAKIT

  • FILARIASIS BANCROFTI

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A: VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALTIS, SINBIS, WESTERN ENCEPHALITIS

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP B: ST.LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS.

  • EASTERN ENCEPHALITIS


Mansonia biologi

MANSONIA BIOLOGI

  • HIDUP DI RAWA-RAWA

  • NYAMUK DEWASA: BERCAK SAYAP LEBAR

  • LARVA HIDUP DI DALAM AIR, MENEMPEL PADA AKAR TUMBUHAN AIR DENGAN MENUSUKKAN SIPHONNYA YANG RUNCING


Mansonia vektor penyakit

MANSONIAVEKTOR PENYAKIT

  • FILARIASIS MALAYI PERIODIK

  • FILARIASIS SUBPERIODIK

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A : MAYARO, VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS, SINBIS,

  • EASTERN ENCEPHALITIS


Toxorhynchitinae genus toxorhynchites

TOXORHYNCHITINAEGenus: Toxorhynchites

Ciri khas:

  • Nyamuk berukuran besar

  • Hidup di daerah tropis & subtropis

  • Hidup siang hari

  • Jantan/betina tidak mengisap darah

  • Larva ukuran besar, kanibalis&predator larva nyamuk lain

  • Telur:diletakkan di lubang pohon, potongan bambu, lipatan daun terisi air hujan


Kepustakaan

KEPUSTAKAAN

  • Herm’s(1971): Medical Entomology.The Macmillan Co.

  • Soedarto(1990): Entomologi Kedokteran. EGC

  • Soedarto(1992): Atlas Entomologi Kedokteran. EGC

  • Soedarto(2008): Parasitologi Klinik.Airlangga University Press.

  • Soedarto(2011):Parasitologi Kedokteran, Sagung Seto


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