Medical entomology studies on arthropods as transmitter and causal of diseases
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MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY STUDIES ON ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER AND CAUSAL OF DISEASES. I. ARTHROPODS as causal diseases  ENTOMOFOBI ANNOYANCE BLOOD LOSS TISSUE DAMAGE TOXINS DERMATOSES ALLERGY MYIASIS.

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MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY STUDIES ON ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER AND CAUSAL OF DISEASES

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MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGYSTUDIES ON ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER AND CAUSAL OF DISEASES


I. ARTHROPODSas causal diseases ENTOMOFOBI ANNOYANCE BLOOD LOSS TISSUE DAMAGE TOXINS DERMATOSES ALLERGY MYIASIS

II. ARTHROPODS AS TRANSMITTER OF DISEASES

VECTOR (MECHANIC/BIOLOGIC)

OR

 INTERMEDIATE HOST


MOSQUITOES

Suborder: NematoceraFamily: Culicidae

Subfamily (MEDICAL IMPORTANT):

Toxorhynchitinae: Toxorrhynchites

Culicinae: Culex, Aedes

Anopheline: Anopheles

Mansonia


Family : Culicidae

  • Tubuh, sayap, proboscis langsing

  • Sebaran luas: kutub sampai tropis

  • 1500 m di bwh tanah - 5000 m

  • Breeding places: air bervariasi, tawar, payau, asin, di daratan, di tepi laut, di atas pohon, terang/teduh

  • Dewasa; di udara

    Larva pupa di air

    Telur di benda padat


MORFOLOGI NYAMUK

DEWASA


DIFERENSIASILARVA NYAMUK


NYAMUK VEKTOR PENYAKIT

  • MALARIA

  • FILARIASIS

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A: SEMUANYA DITULARKAN OLEH NYAMUK, MISALNYA CHIKUNGUNYA.

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP B:

    YELLOW FEVER, DENGUE VIRUS, ST.LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS, MURRAY VALLEY ENCEPHALITIS, WEST NILE,

  • ARBOVIRUS LAIN: BUNYAWERA, BWAMBA, CALIFORNIA.


ANOPHELES

  • PENULAR MALARIA

    (30 – 50 SPECIES ANOPHELES):

    Anoph.sundaicus,Anoph.aconitus, Anoph.barbirostris, Anoph.subpictus, etc.

  • BREEDING PLACES:BERVARIASI SESUAI SPESIES DAN DISTRIBUSI LINGKUNGAN.

    ANOPHELES SUNDAICUS : AIR PAYAU, (LAGOON)

    ANOPHELES ACONITUS : AIR SAWAH, TAWAR.


ANOPHELES Vektor penyakit

  • MALARIA

  • FILARIASIS MALAYI PERIODIK

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A (O’NYONG NYONG)

  • VENEZUELEAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS

  • WESTERN ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS


MORFOLOGI KEPALA ANOPHELES


ANOPHELES


Sayap: bersisikPosisi menggigit: membentuk sudut


AEDES MORFOLOGI


BREEDING PLACESAEDES

AEDES AEGYPTI: GENANGAN AIR BERSIH: BAK MANDI, TANDON AIR, TEMPAYAN AIR MINUM, GELAS PLASTIK AIR MINUM (BUATAN MANUSIA, DI DALAM RUMAH)

AEDES ALBOPICTUS:BAN BEKAS, KALENG BEKAS, .LUBANG POHON, PELEPAH PISANG, TEMPURUNG KELAPA(DI LUAR RUMAH)


AEDES VEKTOR PENYAKIT

  • FILARIASIS BANCROFTI DIURNAL

  • FILARIASIS MALAYI (AEDES TOGOI)

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A: CHIKUNGUNYA, VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS, WESTERN ENCEPHALITIS, EASTERN ENCEPHALITIS

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP B: YELLOW FEVER, DENGUE


CULEX BIOLOGIBREEDING PLACE:BERVARIASI SESUAI SPESIES:AIR SELOKAN, AIR TINGGI BAHAN ORGANIK, AIR RAWA, AIR TANAH


CULEX VEKTOR PENYAKIT

  • FILARIASIS BANCROFTI

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A: VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALTIS, SINBIS, WESTERN ENCEPHALITIS

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP B: ST.LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS.

  • EASTERN ENCEPHALITIS


MANSONIA BIOLOGI

  • HIDUP DI RAWA-RAWA

  • NYAMUK DEWASA: BERCAK SAYAP LEBAR

  • LARVA HIDUP DI DALAM AIR, MENEMPEL PADA AKAR TUMBUHAN AIR DENGAN MENUSUKKAN SIPHONNYA YANG RUNCING


MANSONIAVEKTOR PENYAKIT

  • FILARIASIS MALAYI PERIODIK

  • FILARIASIS SUBPERIODIK

  • ARBOVIRUS GRUP A : MAYARO, VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS, SINBIS,

  • EASTERN ENCEPHALITIS


TOXORHYNCHITINAEGenus: Toxorhynchites

Ciri khas:

  • Nyamuk berukuran besar

  • Hidup di daerah tropis & subtropis

  • Hidup siang hari

  • Jantan/betina tidak mengisap darah

  • Larva ukuran besar, kanibalis&predator larva nyamuk lain

  • Telur:diletakkan di lubang pohon, potongan bambu, lipatan daun terisi air hujan


KEPUSTAKAAN

  • Herm’s(1971): Medical Entomology.The Macmillan Co.

  • Soedarto(1990): Entomologi Kedokteran. EGC

  • Soedarto(1992): Atlas Entomologi Kedokteran. EGC

  • Soedarto(2008): Parasitologi Klinik.Airlangga University Press.

  • Soedarto(2011):Parasitologi Kedokteran, Sagung Seto


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