Mtd calibration for cosmic ray triggered data in run 10 at star
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MTD Calibration for Cosmic Ray Triggered Data in RUN 10 at STAR. Lijuan Ruan (BNL), Liang Li (UT Austin) 04/01/2011. Workshop on STAR MTD Production and Related Physics, Hefei, Anhui, China, March 30th - April 1st, 2011 . 1. Motivation.

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MTD Calibration for Cosmic Ray Triggered Data in RUN 10 at STAR

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Mtd calibration for cosmic ray triggered data in run 10 at star

MTD Calibration for Cosmic Ray Triggered Data in RUN 10 at STAR

Lijuan Ruan (BNL), Liang Li (UT Austin)


Workshop on STAR MTD Production and Related Physics,

Hefei, Anhui, China, March 30th - April 1st, 2011




  • In run year 10 STAR implemented a cosmic ray trigger to study the performance of its several subsystems, including TPC, MTD, TOF etc.

  • Because the cosmic rays are primarily muons, we were able to get rid of the hadron background from material interactions in the MTD analysis, as seen in previous studies with data from physical collisions.

  • Also the cosmic ray data offers us significant amount of muon tracks with pt > 2 GeV/c, and these high momentum particles have less interaction with the material than the lower momentum particles therefore we can calculate the tracking information more precisely.

The star detector

The STAR Detector

Muon telescope detector

Muon Telescope Detector

  • Since RUN 9 p+p 200 GeV period a new prototype of MTD has been installed outside the STAR magnet steels at a radius ~ 400 cm from the STAR detector center and used to take data at STAR. It is one tray with 3 long MRPC modules and each module has 6 strips.

  • There are two read-outs for each strip, from the east side and west side respectively.

  • This prototype utilized the same electronics as that for TOF in order to achieve a better timing resolution than that from trigger electronics.

Data set

Data Set

RUN 10 Au+Au 11 GeV fastoffline production of st_mtd data stream for Reversed Full Field

Selected cosmic ray tiggered events with “cosmic” offline Tigger ID 310803

Global tracks were used


Qa plots

QA Plots

TOT (ns)

Pt (GeV/c)


Energy Loss




Zhangbu Xu

tMTD is calculated by averaging the times from two ends of an MTD strip so that it does not depend on the hit position on the strip.

tTOF1 and tTOF2 are calibrated times associated with TOF hits due to the cosmic ray muons.

tTPC is the calculated time of flight between two TOF trays 1 and 2 with the pathlength and momentum information from TPC.

tSteel is the time of flight from MTD to TOF, also calculated with TPC information

The time difference between TOF+MTD measured time and TPC measured time is

deltaT = (tTOF2 – tTPC + tTOF1)/2 – tMTD - tSteel




  • The matching between 2 halves of a muon track in TPC requires nHitsFit>14, |eta|<1.5 and p>1 GeV/c for each half and |p1-p2|/p1<0.27, where p1 and p2 are the momenta for the two halves.

  • The next step is raw matching for the TPC tracks. The requirements are nFitPoints >= 25, Pt >= 2.0 GeV/c, TpcZ < 100 cm && TpcZ > (- mrpcLength - 100 cm), TpcPhi > 0.419 && TpcPhi < 0.628, where Z is the position along the beam pipe and an MTD strip, TpcZ and TpcPhi are extroplated Z and Phi values for a track from TPC.

  • Finally we do the matching between the TPC tracks and the MTD hits, requiring |TpcZ-MtdZ| < 6 cm and |TpcPhi-MtdPhi| < 0.2. MtdZ is from the timing difference between 2 ends of a strip and MtdPhi is from the center of the fired MTD strip.

Position resolutions

Position Resolutions


Sigma = 0.006 rad

deltaZ (cm)

Sigma = 2.5 cm


Tof timing resolution

TOF Timing Resolution

Delta T(ns)

deltaT0 = tTOF2- tTOF1 – tTPC

TOF timing resolution ~92.9 ps/sqrt(2) ~ 66 ps, close to the result in our intrinsic timing resolution study (M Shao and L Li, International Journal of Modern Physics E, Volume 16, Issue 07-08, pp. 2476-2483 (2007))

The mean value is close to 0


The first t0 offset correction

The First T0 Offset Correction

Delta T(ns)

Delta T(ns)

First, we did a T0 offset correction for each strip. Basically we fitted the deltaT

histograms with a Gaussian function and subtracted the obtained mean value

from tMtd.


Mtd timing resolutions by strip before calibration

MTD Timing Resolutions By Strip Before Calibration

~196 ps


The slewing correction

The Slewing Correction

Delta T(ns)

TOT (ns)

Secondly, we combined all channels and plotted deltaT versus averageTOT=

sqrt(totMtdEast*totMtdWest). The slewing correction curve is obtained by a 4th order

polynomial function fitting the Gaussian mean deltaTs for all averageTOT bins. Then the slewing

correction is done by subracting the function value from tMtd according to its averageTOT value.

The slewing correction is done for only TOT<22 ns because above that the statistics is poor.


The second t0 offset correction

The Second T0 Offset Correction

A second T0 correction is done thereafter due to the observed T0 shift after the slewing correction

Delta T(ns)

Delta T(ns)


Delta T(ns)

Delta T(ns)

Final mtd timing resolutions by strip

Final MTD Timing Resolutions By Strip

~106 ps


The final mtd timing resolution

The Final MTD Timing Resolution

MTD+TOF timing resolution: ~109ps

Timing resolution from TOF: ~46ps

MTD timing resolution: ~99ps




  • MTD calibration for Au+Au 11 GeV fastoffline production in RUN 10 (RFF) with cosmic ray triggered events is done.

  • ~109 ps timing resolution for MTD+TOF is achieved, giving ~99 ps for MTD alone.

  • From this analysis, ~66 ps TOF timing resolution is demonstrated.



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