World War II The Pacific. Turning Points in the War. North Africa Invasion: November 1942 Invasion of Italy: September 1943 Normandy Invasion: June 6, 1944 Battle of the Bulge: Dec 1944- Jan 1945 Okinawa: April 1945 and Saipan: June 1945 Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki August 1945.
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World War IIThe Pacific
Turning Points in the War
Battle of the Coral Sea: May 7-8, 1942 American naval forces stopped the Japanese and saved Australia from invasion.
Australia was called the Great Britain in the Pacific.
First battle that opposing ships did not come within sight of each other.
The battle for North Africa was a struggle for control of the Suez Canal and access to oil from the Middle East and raw materials from Asia.
The Goal: clear the Axis Powers from North Africa, improve naval control of the Mediterranean Sea, and prepare an invasion of Southern Europe.
The Allied invasion of French North Africa, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, started on November 8, 1942 and ended May, 1943
General Erwin Rommel,The “Desert Fox”
The British 8th Army under General Bernard Montgomery defeats Axis army at the Second Battle of El Alamein
General Bernard Montgomery
Winston Churchill said of this victory: "This is not the end, nor is it even the beginning of the end, but it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning."
He also wrote "Before Alamein, we had no victory and after it we had no defeats".
major Soviet industrial center on the Volga River, and main transportation route.
Goal: Hitler believed that with the fall of the city, Russia would collapse and he would get his hands on the oil fields in Caucasus.
Stalin believed that since the city bore his name it was a personal and symbolic matter to push the Nazis out.
Japanese in the U.S.-History
Most “Issei” arrived in the U.S 1885-1921
Most lived in Hawaii or W Coast
Most worked in the agricultural sector
FDR passes Executive Order #9066 on Feb. 19th,1942
The Battle for Sicily: June, 1943
George S. Patton
The Italian Campaign Europe’s “Soft Underbelly”
General Dwight D. Eisenhower addresses American paratroopers prior to D-Day.
'Full victory-nothing else'
At Utah Beach, members of an American landing party help others whose landing craft was sunk by the Germans off the coast of France. The survivors reached Utah Beach, near Cherbourg, by using a life raft.
De Gaulle in Triumph!
FDR wants quick Soviet entry into Pacific war.
FDR & Churchill concede Stalin needs buffer, FDR & Stalin want spheres of influence and a weak Germany.
Churchill wants strong Germany as buffer against Stalin.
FDR argues for a ‘United Nations’.
US & Russian Soldiers Meet at the Elbe River:
April 25, 1945
Mussolini & His Mistress,Claretta Petacci Are Hung in Milan, 1945
First Fusion Bomb TestThis test was conducted on an island. After the bomb went off, the entire island was gone.
Enola Gay: B-29 Superfortress bomber.
The Hiroshima landscape after
the use of the atomic bomb
Nagasaki before and after
August 15 in Japan and August 14 in the United States-
because of time zone differences
Surrender of Japan, Tokyo Bay, 2 September 1945: Japanese representatives on board USS Missouri during the surrender ceremonies.
Country Borders 1939 - Pre War
Germany Invades Poland in 1939
Germany Invades France in 1940
1944 the Normandy Invasion
Post War European Borders
Yalta Conference in February 1945
Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin