China’s Land and Climate (The People’s Republic of China). Ch. 24, Section 1 Mrs. Tinkey World Geography. China’s Land. 3 rd largest country by land area What are the 1 st two? China has a wide range of landforms Mountains Deserts Plains Rivers Depressions Plateaus Peninsulas
Ch. 24, Section 1
*Nicknamed the “Roof of the World”
-What landform was the “Roof of Africa?”
*13,000 feet above sea level
*Covered with shrubs and grasses.
*On the eastern end of the plateau rare animals such as Pandas and Golden Monkey’s roam.Plateau of Tibet
*East of Tian Shan
*Lies 505 ft BELOW sea level
*Partially filled with salt lakes
*The hottest place in China
-Daytime temps can reach 122 degrees (F)
*In Northern China, mountain ranges surround deserts like this one.
-That makes this area very isolated.
*Instead of sand, this desert is made of rocks and stones.
*Temperature varies by elevation.
-Ranges from -30 to 110 degrees (F)
*The Manchurian Plain, lies in a region of China called… Manchuria!
*About 90% of China’s people live in this region.
*China’s longest river
-Flows from the Plateau of Tibet to the East China Sea (3,964 mi)
*Chinese name for it is Chang Jiang, meaning long river.
*There is rich, fertile land and many industrial centers along this river.
*Three Gorges Dam is located on this river.
-Increases ship trading and transportation
-Creates electricity for China’s people.
-Chinese civilization began here.
-Think back to ancient river valley map from earlier this year.
*Flows from the Plateau of Tibet across the North China Plain.
*Called China’s Sorrow, because of the lives lost due to the flooding of this river.
*The Chinese have built dams and dikes to control flooding.
-Dike: a high bank of soil along a riverYellow River
*During flood time, this river is very important to transportation and trade to inland cities.
Area in the Pacific known for its volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.
*Turn to page 672 in your text book
*7 Different Climate Zones
-What are they?
*Monsoons greatly affect China’s climate.
-In the winter, cold dry air blows in from C. Asia
-In the summer, the monsoons blow in from the sea with warm, moist air.
-Monsoons often bring in Typhoons
*Typhoons are also known as hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean
-Tropical storms with strong winds and heavy rains.