China s land and climate the people s republic of china
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China’s Land and Climate (The People’s Republic of China). Ch. 24, Section 1 Mrs. Tinkey World Geography. China’s Land. 3 rd largest country by land area What are the 1 st two? China has a wide range of landforms Mountains Deserts Plains Rivers Depressions Plateaus Peninsulas

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China’s Land and Climate (The People’s Republic of China)

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China’s Land and Climate(The People’s Republic of China)

Ch. 24, Section 1

Mrs. Tinkey

World Geography


China’s Land

  • 3rd largest country by land area

    • What are the 1st two?

  • China has a wide range of landforms

    • Mountains

    • Deserts

    • Plains

    • Rivers

    • Depressions

    • Plateaus

    • Peninsulas

    • Islands


Himalayas


Kunlan Shan


Qilian Shan


Tian Shan


Atlay Mountains


*The world’s largest plateau

*Nicknamed the “Roof of the World”

-What landform was the “Roof of Africa?”

*13,000 feet above sea level

*Covered with shrubs and grasses.

*On the eastern end of the plateau rare animals such as Pandas and Golden Monkey’s roam.

Plateau of Tibet


Turpan Depression

*East of Tian Shan

*Lies 505 ft BELOW sea level

*Partially filled with salt lakes

*The hottest place in China

-Daytime temps can reach 122 degrees (F)


Taklimakan Desert

*In Northern China, mountain ranges surround deserts like this one.

-That makes this area very isolated.


Gobi Desert

*Instead of sand, this desert is made of rocks and stones.

*Temperature varies by elevation.

-Ranges from -30 to 110 degrees (F)


Manchurian Plain

*The Manchurian Plain, lies in a region of China called… Manchuria!


North China Plain

*About 90% of China’s people live in this region.


Yangtze River

*China’s longest river

-Flows from the Plateau of Tibet to the East China Sea (3,964 mi)

*Chinese name for it is Chang Jiang, meaning long river.

*There is rich, fertile land and many industrial centers along this river.

*Three Gorges Dam is located on this river.

-Controls flooding

-Increases ship trading and transportation

-Creates electricity for China’s people.


*Also known as the Huang He

-Chinese civilization began here.

-Think back to ancient river valley map from earlier this year.

*Flows from the Plateau of Tibet across the North China Plain.

*Called China’s Sorrow, because of the lives lost due to the flooding of this river.

*The Chinese have built dams and dikes to control flooding.

-Dike: a high bank of soil along a river

Yellow River


Xi River (Shee)

*During flood time, this river is very important to transportation and trade to inland cities.


Ring of Fire

Area in the Pacific known for its volcanoes and frequent earthquakes.


Climate

*Turn to page 672 in your text book

*7 Different Climate Zones

-What are they?

*Monsoons greatly affect China’s climate.

-In the winter, cold dry air blows in from C. Asia

-In the summer, the monsoons blow in from the sea with warm, moist air.

-Monsoons often bring in Typhoons

*Typhoons are also known as hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean

-Tropical storms with strong winds and heavy rains.


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