Vfr cross country flight
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VFR CROSS COUNTRY FLIGHT. PLANNING EXECUTION. PHASES. Pre-plan and prep Plane Pilot Portable comm, data, Nav Provisional Flight Plan Weather Final Flight Plan(s) Flight Briefing, pre-flight, fly. Preparations. Plane Registration Annual Inspection Oil change Repairs Pilot

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VFR CROSS COUNTRY FLIGHT

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Vfr cross country flight

VFR CROSS COUNTRY FLIGHT

PLANNING

EXECUTION

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


Phases

PHASES

  • Pre-plan and prep

    • Plane

    • Pilot

    • Portable comm, data, Nav

  • Provisional Flight Plan

  • Weather

  • Final Flight Plan(s)

  • Flight

    • Briefing, pre-flight, fly

  • by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Preparations

    Preparations

    • Plane

      • Registration

      • Annual Inspection

      • Oil change

      • Repairs

    • Pilot

      • Medical

      • Current

      • Flight Review

      • Practice

    • Portable Comm & Data

      • Hardware and Apps

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Portable comm data hardware and apps tips

    Portable Comm & DataHardware and AppsTips

    • Apple products work good

    • Acquire iPad and iPhone

      • Install apps on iPad & iPhone

      • Load databases on iPad & iPhone

    • Allow at least 2 months for proficiency

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Portable comm data hardware

    Portable Comm & DataHardware

    • iPad

      • Get the model having cellular capability

        • Provides on board GPS

        • Do NOT need to enable the cellular (phone line not needed)

      • 64 Gbs min memory

    • iPhone

      • 16 Gbs is not enough. Recommend 64

    • Mobile chargers

      • Cigarette lighter plug type

      • Rechargeable portable battery pack

    • Wall chargers

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Planning charting nav apps

    Planning, Charting, & Nav Apps

    • DUATwww.duat.com Std Briefing & Planning

    • DUATS www.duats.com Std Briefing & Planning

    • WingXPro7www.hiltonsoftware.com Charts, Nav

    • FlyQ Pocket app (works great with 3G. DUAT Std Briefing, file flight plans, weather graphics)

    • FltPlan app (back up charts)

    • GPS RAIM Prediction www.raimprediction.net

    • E6B Sporty’s, app

    • Simple calculator std utility app

      • (Underlined items are most frequently used)

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Weather apps

    Weather Apps

    • Weather Streetwww.weatherstreet.com 7 day

    • US Airnetwww.usairnet.com 3 day aviation

    • AWCwww.aviationweather.gov 3 day, like FSS

    • MyRadar app national radar, location forecast

    • AccuWeather app current and forecast

    • DUAT (listed previously)

    • DUATS (listed previously)

    • FlyQ Pocket (listed previously)

    • WingXPro7 (listed previously) store wx, TFRs

      • (Underlined items are most frequently used)

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Trip example

    Trip Example

    • Destination Myrtle Beach, SC

    • PA28-180

    • 110 kt cruise TAS

    • 10 gph fuel burn rate

    • Depart LAF

    • Wt and Bal allows 38 gal fuel

    • Nav by GPS, Direct

    • VFR

    • No night flying

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Provisional flight plan max leg distance

    Provisional Flight PlanMax Leg Distance

    • Wt and Bal

      • Max fuel (gals) for the planned load

    • Endurance (hours)

      • Max Endur = Max fuel (gals)/ gph

      • Safe Endur = Max Endur - 1 hour (for reserve)

      • Plan Endur = Safe Endur (or less for people endur)

    • Ground Speed = cruise TAS

      • 20kts less if westbound

    • Max Leg Distance (Nm) = Plan Endur * Gnd Spd

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Max leg distance example

    Max Leg Distanceexample

    • Max fuel for the load = 38 gal (depends on W &B)

    • 10 gph fuel burn rate, 110 kt TAS cruise

    • Max Endur = 38 gal / 10 gph

      • Max Endur = 3.8 hrs

    • Safe Endur is 1 hour less for reserve

      • Safe Endur = 2.8 hrs

      • Plan Endur = 2.8 hrs (assume passengers OK)

    • Ground Speed = TAS (assume not westbound)

    • Max Leg Dist = Plan Endur * GS

      • 2.8 hrs * 110 kts = 308 Nm

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Provisional flight plan create route

    Provisional Flight PlanCreate Route

    • Chart program (WingX7Pro)

      • Start to finish, straight line

      • Route around obstacles, airspace

        • Total distance

      • Number of legs

        • legs = total distance / max leg distance

      • Identify and insert fuel stop airports

        • at no greater than max leg distances

      • Review entire route, adjust as needed

      • Identify alternates

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Final week before trip

    Final week before Trip

    • Check weather each day

      • Weather street www.weatherstreet.com

      • Accuweather

      • TV

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    3 days before trip

    3 Days before Trip

    • Check weather each day

      • All previous sources

      • Winds and temps aloft

        • Aviation weather center (AWC) www.aviationweather.gov

      • US Air Netwww.usairnet.com

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    2 days before trip

    2 Days before Trip

    • Check weather

      • All previous sources

        • 48 hour progs, AWC www.aviationweather.gov

    • Update all databases

      • Mobile equipment

      • Installed in plane

    • Confirm planned stops are feasible and OK

      • Facilities and prices, hours, food

    • Make reservations

    • Charge all mobile equipment batteries

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    1 day before trip

    1 Day before Trip

    • Plane

      • Preflight

      • Fuel

      • Start and warm up engine

      • Preheat on

    • Brief passengers

      • No coffee tomorrow morning

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Night before departure

    Night before Departure

    • Confirm databases updated

    • Download weather to ipad/iphone chart apps

    • Outlook briefing (DUAT) www.duat.com

    • Check leg times and fuel with DUAT or equiv.

      • Optimum cruise altitude

      • Adjust stops as required

      • Modify flight plans if necessary

      • Modify reservations if necessary

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Night before departure page 2

    Night before Departure (page 2)

    • Enter flight plan legs into apps.

      • Chart program (WingX7Pro)

      • DUAT

      • FlyQ Pocket

    • RAIM Forecast www.raimprediction.gov

    • Pack flight bag

      • Paper charts

    • Plug in ipad and iphone chargers

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Before leaving home for airport

    Before leaving home for Airport

    • Check weather

      • AWC and others as needed

    • Standard Briefing for first leg

      • DUAT

      • Call FSS with any questions

    • Download weather data to ipad and iphone chart app

    • Radar

    • Pack ipad and iphone and chargers!!!

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    Before boarding plane

    Before boarding Plane

    • Check Radar

      • MyRadar (or FlyQ Pocket)

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    During flight

    During Flight

    • Note time of Departure

    • Establish VFR Flight Following (with ATC)

    • ETE

      • After establishing cruise

        • (from chart app or GPS)

    • Compare fuel remaining to ETE

      • Recheck each half hour

      • Consider alternates

    • Call EFAS (Flight Watch) weather updates 122.0

      • Alternative: ADS-B

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


    At each stop

    At Each Stop

    • Fuel up and check oil

    • Check weather

      • AWC

      • FlyQ

    • Standard Briefing for next Leg

      • DUAT (FlyQ) or FSS

    • Radar

    by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI


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