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VFR CROSS COUNTRY FLIGHT. PLANNING EXECUTION. PHASES. Pre-plan and prep Plane Pilot Portable comm, data, Nav Provisional Flight Plan Weather Final Flight Plan(s) Flight Briefing, pre-flight, fly. Preparations. Plane Registration Annual Inspection Oil change Repairs Pilot

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vfr cross country flight

VFR CROSS COUNTRY FLIGHT

PLANNING

EXECUTION

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

phases
PHASES
  • Pre-plan and prep
      • Plane
      • Pilot
      • Portable comm, data, Nav
  • Provisional Flight Plan
  • Weather
  • Final Flight Plan(s)
  • Flight
    • Briefing, pre-flight, fly

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

preparations
Preparations
  • Plane
    • Registration
    • Annual Inspection
    • Oil change
    • Repairs
  • Pilot
    • Medical
    • Current
    • Flight Review
    • Practice
  • Portable Comm & Data
    • Hardware and Apps

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

portable comm data hardware and apps tips
Portable Comm & DataHardware and AppsTips
  • Apple products work good
  • Acquire iPad and iPhone
    • Install apps on iPad & iPhone
    • Load databases on iPad & iPhone
  • Allow at least 2 months for proficiency

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

portable comm data hardware
Portable Comm & DataHardware
  • iPad
    • Get the model having cellular capability
      • Provides on board GPS
      • Do NOT need to enable the cellular (phone line not needed)
    • 64 Gbs min memory
  • iPhone
    • 16 Gbs is not enough. Recommend 64
  • Mobile chargers
    • Cigarette lighter plug type
    • Rechargeable portable battery pack
  • Wall chargers

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

planning charting nav apps
Planning, Charting, & Nav Apps
  • DUATwww.duat.com Std Briefing & Planning
  • DUATS www.duats.com Std Briefing & Planning
  • WingXPro7www.hiltonsoftware.com Charts, Nav
  • FlyQ Pocket app (works great with 3G. DUAT Std Briefing, file flight plans, weather graphics)
  • FltPlan app (back up charts)
  • GPS RAIM Prediction www.raimprediction.net
  • E6B Sporty’s, app
  • Simple calculator std utility app
    • (Underlined items are most frequently used)

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

weather apps
Weather Apps
  • Weather Streetwww.weatherstreet.com 7 day
  • US Airnetwww.usairnet.com 3 day aviation
  • AWCwww.aviationweather.gov 3 day, like FSS
  • MyRadar app national radar, location forecast
  • AccuWeather app current and forecast
  • DUAT (listed previously)
  • DUATS (listed previously)
  • FlyQ Pocket (listed previously)
  • WingXPro7 (listed previously) store wx, TFRs
    • (Underlined items are most frequently used)

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

trip example
Trip Example
  • Destination Myrtle Beach, SC
  • PA28-180
  • 110 kt cruise TAS
  • 10 gph fuel burn rate
  • Depart LAF
  • Wt and Bal allows 38 gal fuel
  • Nav by GPS, Direct
  • VFR
  • No night flying

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

provisional flight plan max leg distance
Provisional Flight PlanMax Leg Distance
  • Wt and Bal
    • Max fuel (gals) for the planned load
  • Endurance (hours)
    • Max Endur = Max fuel (gals)/ gph
    • Safe Endur = Max Endur - 1 hour (for reserve)
    • Plan Endur = Safe Endur (or less for people endur)
  • Ground Speed = cruise TAS
    • 20kts less if westbound
  • Max Leg Distance (Nm) = Plan Endur * Gnd Spd

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

max leg distance example
Max Leg Distanceexample
  • Max fuel for the load = 38 gal (depends on W &B)
  • 10 gph fuel burn rate, 110 kt TAS cruise
  • Max Endur = 38 gal / 10 gph
    • Max Endur = 3.8 hrs
  • Safe Endur is 1 hour less for reserve
    • Safe Endur = 2.8 hrs
    • Plan Endur = 2.8 hrs (assume passengers OK)
  • Ground Speed = TAS (assume not westbound)
  • Max Leg Dist = Plan Endur * GS
    • 2.8 hrs * 110 kts = 308 Nm

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

provisional flight plan create route
Provisional Flight PlanCreate Route
  • Chart program (WingX7Pro)
    • Start to finish, straight line
    • Route around obstacles, airspace
      • Total distance
    • Number of legs
      • legs = total distance / max leg distance
    • Identify and insert fuel stop airports
      • at no greater than max leg distances
    • Review entire route, adjust as needed
    • Identify alternates

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

final week before trip
Final week before Trip
  • Check weather each day
    • Weather street www.weatherstreet.com
    • Accuweather
    • TV

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

3 days before trip
3 Days before Trip
  • Check weather each day
    • All previous sources
    • Winds and temps aloft
      • Aviation weather center (AWC) www.aviationweather.gov
    • US Air Net www.usairnet.com

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

2 days before trip
2 Days before Trip
  • Check weather
    • All previous sources
      • 48 hour progs, AWC www.aviationweather.gov
  • Update all databases
    • Mobile equipment
    • Installed in plane
  • Confirm planned stops are feasible and OK
    • Facilities and prices, hours, food
  • Make reservations
  • Charge all mobile equipment batteries

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

1 day before trip
1 Day before Trip
  • Plane
    • Preflight
    • Fuel
    • Start and warm up engine
    • Preheat on
  • Brief passengers
    • No coffee tomorrow morning

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

night before departure
Night before Departure
  • Confirm databases updated
  • Download weather to ipad/iphone chart apps
  • Outlook briefing (DUAT) www.duat.com
  • Check leg times and fuel with DUAT or equiv.
    • Optimum cruise altitude
    • Adjust stops as required
    • Modify flight plans if necessary
    • Modify reservations if necessary

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

night before departure page 2
Night before Departure (page 2)
  • Enter flight plan legs into apps.
    • Chart program (WingX7Pro)
    • DUAT
    • FlyQ Pocket
  • RAIM Forecast www.raimprediction.gov
  • Pack flight bag
    • Paper charts
  • Plug in ipad and iphone chargers

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

before leaving home for airport
Before leaving home for Airport
  • Check weather
    • AWC and others as needed
  • Standard Briefing for first leg
    • DUAT
    • Call FSS with any questions
  • Download weather data to ipad and iphone chart app
  • Radar
  • Pack ipad and iphone and chargers!!!

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

before boarding plane
Before boarding Plane
  • Check Radar
    • MyRadar (or FlyQ Pocket)

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

during flight
During Flight
  • Note time of Departure
  • Establish VFR Flight Following (with ATC)
  • ETE
    • After establishing cruise
      • (from chart app or GPS)
  • Compare fuel remaining to ETE
    • Recheck each half hour
    • Consider alternates
  • Call EFAS (Flight Watch) weather updates 122.0
    • Alternative: ADS-B

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

at each stop
At Each Stop
  • Fuel up and check oil
  • Check weather
    • AWC
    • FlyQ
  • Standard Briefing for next Leg
    • DUAT (FlyQ) or FSS
  • Radar

by: Mark Phillips, ATP CFII MEI

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