introduction describing and explaining l2 acquisition
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Introduction: Describing and Explaining L2 Acquisition

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

Introduction: Describing and Explaining L2 Acquisition - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 117 Views
  • Uploaded on

Introduction: Describing and Explaining L2 Acquisition. Ellis 2003, chapter 1 pp. 3 -13 By Aida W. Wardhananti 2201410055. GLOBAL VILLAGE (GLOBALIZATION). People start to learn a second language (L2). What is ‘Second Language Acquisition’?.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Introduction: Describing and Explaining L2 Acquisition' - thu


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
introduction describing and explaining l2 acquisition

Introduction: Describing and Explaining L2 Acquisition

Ellis 2003, chapter 1 pp. 3 -13

By Aida W. Wardhananti

2201410055

slide2

GLOBAL VILLAGE

(GLOBALIZATION)

People start to learn a second language (L2)

what is second language acquisition
What is ‘Second Language Acquisition’?

Any language that is learned subsequent to the mother tongue.

It refer to the learning of a third or forth language

SECOND

The way in which people learn a language other than their mother tongue, inside or outside of a classroom

L2 Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition (SLA)

The Study of L2

external and internal factors
External and Internal Factors
  • Social milieu (Social condition) influence the opportunities that learners have to hear and speak the language and the attitudes that they develop towards it e.g., learning a language when you respect and are respected
  • The input that learners receive the sample of language to which a learner is exposed

Learners possess cognitive mechanisms which enable them to extract information about the L2 from the input- to notice

e.g., The plurality in English is conveyed by adding an –s to a noun

slide6

The goals of SLA are to:

  • Describe how L2 acquisition proceeds
  • Explain this process
  • Describe why some learners seem to be better at it than others
two cases studies
Two Cases Studies

A case study is a detailed study of a learner’s acquisition of an L2 (involving the collection of samples of the learner’s speech or writing over a period of time, sometimes years)

Two case studies are:

The study of an adult learner English in surroundings where it serves as a means of daily communication

The study of two children learning English in classroom

a case study of an adult learner
A case study of an adult learner
  • A thirty-three year-old Japanese artist named Wes.
  • He is an example of ‘naturalistic learner’ (Someone who learns the language at the same time as learning to communicate in it.
  • Richard Schmidt, a researcher at the University of Hawaii, studied Wes’s language development over three years period from the time Wes visited Hawaii.
result of the research
Result of the research
  • After three years of trying to communicate English, Wes did not learn much grammar, (he was not so good in grammar); however, he achieved considerable success as communicator.
a case study of two child learners
A case study of two child learners
  • The learners were a ten-year-old Portuguese boy named J and an eleven-year-old boy from Pakistan named R.
  • They were completely beginners in english
  • Both learners were learning English in a language unit in London.
  • The researcher was Rod Ellis.
  • The focus of the study is requests.
the result of the study
The result of the study
  • Both learners were capable of successfully performing simple requests even when they knew very little English
  • Both learners manifested development in their ability to perform requests over the period of study.
  • However, both learners were still far short of native-like competence.
slide16

So?

Learners must engage in both ITEM LEARNING and SYSTEM LEARNING

Item Learning: learning expression ‘Can I have….?’

System Learning: learning kind of rule for ‘can’

conclusion of the research
Conclusion of the research

None of the three learners in the two case studies reached a native-speaker level of performance.

WHY?

Perhaps,

  • Needed more time to learn
  • Stop learning
  • They are only motivated to learn an L2 to the extent that they are able to satisfy their communicative need.
  • They did not wish to belong to the community of the native speakers they had contact with.
ad