Introduction: Describing and Explaining L2 Acquisition. Ellis 2003, chapter 1 pp. 3 -13 By Aida W. Wardhananti 2201410055. GLOBAL VILLAGE (GLOBALIZATION). People start to learn a second language (L2). What is ‘Second Language Acquisition’?.
Introduction: Describing and Explaining L2 Acquisition
Ellis 2003, chapter 1 pp. 3 -13
By Aida W. Wardhananti
People start to learn a second language (L2)
Any language that is learned subsequent to the mother tongue.
It refer to the learning of a third or forth language
The way in which people learn a language other than their mother tongue, inside or outside of a classroom
Second Language Acquisition (SLA)
The Study of L2
Learners possess cognitive mechanisms which enable them to extract information about the L2 from the input- to notice
e.g., The plurality in English is conveyed by adding an –s to a noun
The goals of SLA are to:
A case study is a detailed study of a learner’s acquisition of an L2 (involving the collection of samples of the learner’s speech or writing over a period of time, sometimes years)
Two case studies are:
The study of an adult learner English in surroundings where it serves as a means of daily communication
The study of two children learning English in classroom
Learners must engage in both ITEM LEARNING and SYSTEM LEARNING
Item Learning: learning expression ‘Can I have….?’
System Learning: learning kind of rule for ‘can’
None of the three learners in the two case studies reached a native-speaker level of performance.