ECON 350  Urban Economics

ECON 350 Urban Economics PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ECON 350. Textbook O'Sullivan, Arthur, Urban Economics, 7th Edition, McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2009; ISBN 978-0-07-337578-6 Class web pagehttp://www.csun.edu/~vcecn007/ECON_350/Fall10//Main.html. Exams and Term Paper. Term Paper. Using economic analysis, describe and critique the proposals for the city of Cleveland, Ohio, in the publications and videos listed in the next slideDedicate a page or two to answer these questions: If you were running for city council in Cleveland, what would you propo30330

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ECON 350 Urban Economics

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1. ECON 350 Urban Economics Fall 2010 Professor Shirley Svorny

2. ECON 350 Textbook O’Sullivan, Arthur, Urban Economics, 7th Edition, McGraw-Hill/Irwin, 2009; ISBN 978-0-07-337578-6 Class web page http://www.csun.edu/~vcecn007/ECON_350/Fall10//Main.html

3. Exams and Term Paper

4. Term Paper Using economic analysis, describe and critique the proposals for the city of Cleveland, Ohio, in the publications and videos listed in the next slide Dedicate a page or two to answer these questions: If you were running for city council in Cleveland, what would you propose and why? Would these policies necessarily be those that you know would benefit Cleveland residents? Explain.

5. Term Paper (cont.) http://www.csun.edu/~vcecn007/ECON_350/Fall10/Term_Paper_Assignment.html Late papers will be docked a full letter grade. For help with grammar and construction, make an appointment at the Learning Resource Center: http://www.csun.edu/lrc/writing.html

6. Term Paper Sources Brookings Institution, Restoring Prosperity http://greaterohio.org/files/quick-downloads/restoring-prosperity-report.pdf Drew Carey and Nick Gillespie meet with the Cleveland City Council, 5/27/2010 (to be linked soon) The Economist, “Reviving cities. Has Cleveland mortgaged its tomorrows?” 7/20/1996 Nick Gillespie, “How to Save Cleveland,” Reason Magazine, 6/2010 Alan Mallach and Lavea Brachman, “Ohio’s Cities at a Turning Point: Finding the Way Forward,” Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program, 5/2010 http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2010/0518_ohio_cities_mallach_brachman/0518_ohio_cities_mallach_brachman.pdf Reason Foundation, Reason Saves Cleveland with Drew Carey, 2010 If you would like to use other sources, you may (cite all sources)

7. Term Paper Format No longer than 10 double-spaced typewritten pages (Times New Roman font, size 12, number your pages) Submit a paper copy and an electronic copy ([email protected]) As a general rule, do not directly quote other authors, use your own words to explain ideas Guidelines for citing references: http://library.csun.edu/guides/subject-guide/13-Step-5-Citing-Your-Sources?tab=51 Cite information you take from the reading Use APA rules for citing sources Include a reference section in your paper Writing Rules (do not violate any of these rules)

8. Policy on Academic Dishonesty University rules prohibit cheating, fabrication, facilitating the academic dishonesty of another student, and plagiarism “Cheating or plagiarism in connection with an academic program at a campus is listed in Section 41301, Title V, California Code of Regulations, as an offense for which a student may be expelled, suspended or given a less severe disciplinary sanction.” If you engage in any of these activities in this class, you can expect to receive a failing grade.  A letter will be sent to the appropriate campus officials.

9. Drop Policy University policy: non-attendance does not constitute withdrawal To withdraw from this class you must file a drop form with the University. If you fail to attend this class, and you do not formally drop the class, a "WU" (unauthorized withdrawal), the equivalent of a failing grade, will be recorded. For the Fall 2010 semester, the last day to drop this class without a formal request is Friday, September 10, 2010: http://www.csun.edu/anr/soc/adjsched.html.

10. Incompletes A grade of "Incomplete" will only be assigned when most of the course has been completed with a passing grade This is only permitted when unforeseen circumstances arise that preclude finishing course work

11. Contact Information for Professor Svorny

12. Course Objective To provide students with analytical tools and institutional knowledge that will help them to understand the evolution and structure of urban areas. To expose students to urban economic policy issues.

13. Summary of Topics Covered Market forces in the development of cities, land prices and urban land use patterns Economic analysis of public policy issues Housing Urban poverty Transportation Education Crime Local government

14. How is Urban Economics different? Study of location choice Spatial aspects of decision making Firms choose Households choose

15. The Role of Cities What attracts firms and households? Innovation Knowledge spillovers Interact, share ideas Learning – apprentice-like effect Attracts those who can benefit most from learning or who learn at lower cost Immigrants College graduates

16. The Role of Cities (cont.) What attracts firms and households? (cont.) Facilitate trade and commerce Buyers and sellers gather Production advantages – labor pooling, can get jobs Consumption Entertainment, restaurants (variety) Elite schools Friends

17. Axioms of Urban Economics - #1 Prices adjust to achieve locational equilibrium Equilibrium implies you are indifferent between two locations or two jobs Prices of land and wages adjust to produce locational equilibrium

18. Axioms of Urban Economics - #2 Self-reinforcing effects generate extreme outcomes One change leads to more changes in the same direction Examples Clusters of immigrants Auto malls Entertainment industry (pornography in the SFV)

19. Axioms of Urban Economics - #3 Externalities cause inefficiencies External cost – others bear the costs of your actions Highway congestion External benefit – others bear the benefits of your actions

20. Axioms of Urban Economics - #4 Production is subject to economies of scale Indivisible inputs Factor specialization We’ll talk about scale economies in providing city services

21. Axioms of Urban Economics - #5 Competition generates zero economic profits Profit = Total Revenue – Total Cost Zero economic profits = “normal return” Review: economic vs. accounting profits Entry leads to zero profits

22. Study Questions Class web page will have End-of-chapter questions Posted Study questions Old exams

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