The Living Dead. Egyptian gods, mummification, and the afterlife. Introduction. To the Egyptians, religion and afterlife was a very important part of heritage and culture. They were polytheistic, meaning that they worshipped more than one God. Now, let us begin our journey into the underworld….
Egyptian gods, mummification, and the afterlife
To the Egyptians, religion and afterlife was a very important part of heritage and culture. They were polytheistic, meaning that they worshipped more than one God. Now, let us begin our journey into the underworld…
In this interactive section of the presentation, you will create an Egyptian God based on preexisting entities.
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The God of mummification and the afterlife.
This god supervises the weighing of the soul. The oldest know God in the Old Kindom writings.
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The Devourer of Souls.
This God at the souls of those deemed unworthy of passing into the afterlife. He is part alligator, part hippo, part cheetah, and part something else weird like that.
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The King of Gods! It is said that during the day, he sails the skies in a boat called “Barque of Millions of Years”. During the nighttime he would die and go to the underworld, only to be born again when the sun rose.
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At first, the only Egyptian Gods were the forces of nature. Instead of being revered by the people, they were feared, as the Egyptians were completely at the mercy of the elements. Gods were originally created for telling stories, and over time they developed into serious religious figures. Egyptians believed that once someone died, they would move on to the afterlife…
The Egyptians believed that after a person died, they would journey on to the underworld. When the deceased reached the underworld, their soul was weighed against the feather of truth in front of Anubis, the God of the dead. If the sins of their lifetime weighed the soul down and made It heavy, then Ammit, the Devourer of Souls, would eat the soul, and the person would have no chance of moving on to the afterlife, what people thought was the perfect existence in an ideal Egypt.
While mummification is commonly associated with Egypt, only the wealthy were able to be mummified. Poor Egyptians were buried in the sand, while wealthy people went through the expensive and lengthy process of having their bodies preserved and being buried in tombs.
For those who could afford it, mummification took place as follows:
When the pharaoh died, he was buried in the tomb that we all know as a pyramid. He was placed in a decorative sarcophagus, and surrounded with any material belongings that he might need for the afterlife. Many times the Pharaoh’s favorite servant would perform a ritual suicide in order to be able to serve his pharaoh in the world beyond. It was said that when a pharaoh died, he would join Ra in his sky boat, as the pharaoh was often revered as a God himself.
Thank you for coming along with us to learn more about Egyptian culture. We hope that through our presentation you have gained a vaster understanding of the tradition and background behind mummification and Egyptian religion!