The renaissance
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The Renaissance. 1485-1660. The Spirit of Rebirth. Renaissance – a French word meaning “________” Renewed interest in ________ learning, the writings of ancient Greece and Rome A renewal of the ________ spirit, of ________ and ________. A Flourish of Genius. Began in ________

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The Renaissance

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The renaissance

The Renaissance

1485-1660


The spirit of rebirth

The Spirit of Rebirth

  • Renaissance – a French word meaning “________”

  • Renewed interest in ________ learning, the writings of ancient Greece and Rome

  • A renewal of the ________ spirit, of ________ and ________


A flourish of genius

A Flourish of Genius

  • Began in ________

  • Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Christopher Columbus, Galileo, etc.

  • Catholic Church was very ____ and ______, even in _______ affairs

  • ________ view of humanity was expressed by many Renaissance artists


Humanism

Humanism

  • Tried to answer questions like “What is a ____ life?” and “How do I ____ a good life?”

  • Sought to ________ the Bible and the classics, using the classics to _______ (not discredit) Christianity


The new technology

The New Technology

  • Gutenberg invented the ________ ________

  • Before the printing press, books were _______ out by _____ (________ process, ________ to purchase, and ________ books were available)


The reformation

The Reformation

  • ________ the authority of the ________ and the ________ churchmen

  • Feelings of ________ and ________ identity made the English resent the ________ burdens placed on them by the ________

  • Martin Luther – founded a new kind of ________, based on a ________ understanding of the Bible instead of on what the ________ said


King versus pope

King Versus Pope

  • King Henry VIII asked for a divorce from his wife of ________-years

    • theoretical reason – she had previously been married to his ________

    • real reasons – she was too ____ to give him a ______ ______ and he wished to marry Anne Boleyn

  • Pope refused because he was controlled by the queen’s ________.

  • Henry VIII appointed a new ________ and declared ________ head of the English (________) Church.


The protestant reformation

The Protestant Reformation

  • Many people were ________ with the new church because it wasn’t ________ enough – it was merely a ________ of Catholicism.

  • Some said that religion was solely a matter between the ________ and ________


Henry viii

Henry VIII

  • Had ________ wives:

  • Divorced, ________, died ________, beheaded, ________

  • Fooled around, but couldn’t tolerate any suspicion of his wives’ ________

  • Was an important figure and deserves the title of ________ man

  • Survived by three ________ children – Mary, ________, and Edward


The boy king and bloody mary

The Boy King and Bloody Mary

  • At age ________, Edward began to rule in ________ only. Died of ____________.

  • Mary was ________ and determined to _______ the wrongs done to her ______.

    • Restored the ________’s power in England and ruthlessly hunted down ________

    • ________ about 300 subjects at the stake

    • Married the king of ________, a country England was beginning to ________ and hate


Elizabeth the virgin queen

Elizabeth: The Virgin Queen

  • One of the most ________ and successful monarchs in history

  • ________ the Church of England and rejected the ________’s authority

  • Resisted ________ and officially remained “the ________ Queen” because her strength lay in her ________ and her ability to play one ________ off another.


A true daughter

A True Daughter

  • Survived many ________ against her life, several of which were initiated by her cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of ______ (_____ to England’s throne)

  • Elizabeth (after ________ years of plots against her life) had Mary ________


The spanish armada

The Spanish Armada

  • King Philip of Spain used Mary’s ________ as an excuse to invade England with the ________ ________

  • England’s Royal ________ destroyed the Spanish Armada, assuring England’s ________ from the ________ countries


A dull man succeeds a witty woman

A Dull Man Succeeds a Witty Woman

  • Elizabeth (childless) was succeeded by James ___ of ________, aka James ____ of England (son of ________ Stuart)

  • He tried hard – patronized ________, sponsored a new translation of the ______, and was a ______ ruler – but couldn’t follow in Elizabeth’s footsteps.


The decline of the renaissance

The Decline of the Renaissance

  • Charles I, who reigned after James I, was ________ by some of his subjects

  • ________ and Puritan ________ Oliver Cromwell ruled for the next ____ years

  • ________ truths were soon to challenge long-accepted ________ beliefs.


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