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The Renaissance. 1485-1660. The Spirit of Rebirth. Renaissance – a French word meaning “________” Renewed interest in ________ learning, the writings of ancient Greece and Rome A renewal of the ________ spirit, of ________ and ________. A Flourish of Genius. Began in ________

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the spirit of rebirth
The Spirit of Rebirth
  • Renaissance – a French word meaning “________”
  • Renewed interest in ________ learning, the writings of ancient Greece and Rome
  • A renewal of the ________ spirit, of ________ and ________
a flourish of genius
A Flourish of Genius
  • Began in ________
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Christopher Columbus, Galileo, etc.
  • Catholic Church was very ____ and ______, even in _______ affairs
  • ________ view of humanity was expressed by many Renaissance artists
humanism
Humanism
  • Tried to answer questions like “What is a ____ life?” and “How do I ____ a good life?”
  • Sought to ________ the Bible and the classics, using the classics to _______ (not discredit) Christianity
the new technology
The New Technology
  • Gutenberg invented the ________ ________
  • Before the printing press, books were _______ out by _____ (________ process, ________ to purchase, and ________ books were available)
the reformation
The Reformation
  • ________ the authority of the ________ and the ________ churchmen
  • Feelings of ________ and ________ identity made the English resent the ________ burdens placed on them by the ________
  • Martin Luther – founded a new kind of ________, based on a ________ understanding of the Bible instead of on what the ________ said
king versus pope
King Versus Pope
  • King Henry VIII asked for a divorce from his wife of ________-years
    • theoretical reason – she had previously been married to his ________
    • real reasons – she was too ____ to give him a ______ ______ and he wished to marry Anne Boleyn
  • Pope refused because he was controlled by the queen’s ________.
  • Henry VIII appointed a new ________ and declared ________ head of the English (________) Church.
the protestant reformation
The Protestant Reformation
  • Many people were ________ with the new church because it wasn’t ________ enough – it was merely a ________ of Catholicism.
  • Some said that religion was solely a matter between the ________ and ________
henry viii
Henry VIII
  • Had ________ wives:
  • Divorced, ________, died ________, beheaded, ________
  • Fooled around, but couldn’t tolerate any suspicion of his wives’ ________
  • Was an important figure and deserves the title of ________ man
  • Survived by three ________ children – Mary, ________, and Edward
the boy king and bloody mary
The Boy King and Bloody Mary
  • At age ________, Edward began to rule in ________ only. Died of ____________.
  • Mary was ________ and determined to _______ the wrongs done to her ______.
    • Restored the ________’s power in England and ruthlessly hunted down ________
    • ________ about 300 subjects at the stake
    • Married the king of ________, a country England was beginning to ________ and hate
elizabeth the virgin queen
Elizabeth: The Virgin Queen
  • One of the most ________ and successful monarchs in history
  • ________ the Church of England and rejected the ________’s authority
  • Resisted ________ and officially remained “the ________ Queen” because her strength lay in her ________ and her ability to play one ________ off another.
a true daughter
A True Daughter
  • Survived many ________ against her life, several of which were initiated by her cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of ______ (_____ to England’s throne)
  • Elizabeth (after ________ years of plots against her life) had Mary ________
the spanish armada
The Spanish Armada
  • King Philip of Spain used Mary’s ________ as an excuse to invade England with the ________ ________
  • England’s Royal ________ destroyed the Spanish Armada, assuring England’s ________ from the ________ countries
a dull man succeeds a witty woman
A Dull Man Succeeds a Witty Woman
  • Elizabeth (childless) was succeeded by James ___ of ________, aka James ____ of England (son of ________ Stuart)
  • He tried hard – patronized ________, sponsored a new translation of the ______, and was a ______ ruler – but couldn’t follow in Elizabeth’s footsteps.
the decline of the renaissance
The Decline of the Renaissance
  • Charles I, who reigned after James I, was ________ by some of his subjects
  • ________ and Puritan ________ Oliver Cromwell ruled for the next ____ years
  • ________ truths were soon to challenge long-accepted ________ beliefs.
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