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Accessible Portable Item Profile (APIP) Standard: Key Concepts and Terms. APIP Goals. Portability of item content Accessibility of item content Policy neutral yet provide methods that can be applied to meet a wide variety of needs. APIP: Basic Idea & 3 System Components. 1. 2.

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Apip goals
APIP Goals

  • Portability of item content

  • Accessibility of item content

  • Policy neutral yet provide methods that can be applied to meet a wide variety of needs.


Apip basic idea 3 system components
APIP: Basic Idea & 3 System Components

1

2

Roster Tools

Authoring Tools

Content with Access Tags

User Profile

3

TestingInterface



Example

Default Item

Default Item Information

Default Content

Information

Companion Material Information

Accessibility Information

Inclusion Order

Example

Grade Level, Content Area, Standard, Difficulty, etc.

Calculator, Formula Sheet, Ruler, Periodic Table, etc.

Audio Format, Braille, Sign, Key Word Highlight, etc.


Standards in the education sector
Standards in the Education Sector

  • Content Standards

  • Performance Standards

  • Data Standards

  • Interoperability Standards


Content standards
Content Standards

  • Definition of the knowledge, skills, and abilities students are expected to develop

  • State specific

  • Common Core


Performance standards
Performance Standards

  • Level at which students are expected to develop mastery of content standards

  • State-developed summative assessments are one tool used to measure achievement of performance standards

  • Consortia developed assessment programs will be used to measure achievement of Common Core standards


Data standards
Data Standards

  • Data Standards are documented agreements on representations, formats, and definitions of common data. Data standards improve the quality and share-ability of data by:

    • Increasing data compatibility

    • Improving the consistency and efficiency of data collection

    • Reducing data redundancy


Data standards1
Data Standards

  • Variable Names

  • Expected values/content type

  • Example:

    • Topic: Gender

    • Variable Name: Gen

    • Value: 0 = Female, 1=Male


Data standard applied topic gender
Data Standard Applied – Topic: Gender

  • Database 1:

    • Variable Name: Gender

    • Value: M = Male, F = Female

  • Database 2:

    • Variable Name: Sex

    • Value: 1=Male, 2=Female

  • Export Conversion

    • DB 1: Gender = Gen, M=0, F=1

    • DB 2: Sex = Gen, 1=0, 2=1

  • Import Conversion

    • DB 1: Gen = Gender, 0=M, 1=F

    • DB 2: Gen = Sex, 0=1, 1=2


Commonly Used Educational Data Standards

SIF

Library

Information

Curriculum

Information

Student

Information

Gender

DOB

ID #

Grade

Enrollment

Attendance

Accommodations

Etc.


Interoperability standards
Interoperability Standards

  • Interoperability is the ability of a system or a product to work with other systems or products without special effort on the part of the customer.


Interoperable assessments
Interoperable Assessments

  • Require Commonly Understood:

    • File format for item content

    • Codes/tags for item content

    • Representation of and interactions with content

    • Scoring rules


Available Assessment and Accessibility Interoperability Standards

IMS

Access for All

QTI

CommonCartridge

APIP PersonalNeeds Profile

APIP Item Content Standard


Interoperability data standards for assessment
Interoperability & Data Standards for Assessment

  • Interoperability standards required for:

    • Item content file format, presentation of that content, interactions with the content, and scoring of responses

  • Data Standards required for:

    • Information about items (e.g., what they measure, parameters)

    • Information about students (e.g., identification, demographics, access needs)

    • Recording results


Key Steps in the Digitally Delivered Assessment Process

StudentRostering

StudentLogin

TestAdministration

ResponseRecording

Assessment System

Scoring

Reporting



Common Core Assessment: Stitching It All Together

Common Core State Standards

SIF

IMS

Library

Information

Curriculum

Information

Student

Information

Gender

DOB

ID #

Grade

Enrollment

Attendance

Accommodations

Etc.

Access for All

QTI

CommonCartridge

APIP PersonalNeeds Profile

APIP Item Content Standard


Common Core Assessment: Stitching It All Together

Common Core State Standards

SIF

IMS

Library

Information

Curriculum

Information

Student

Information

Gender

DOB

ID #

Grade

Enrollment

Attendance

Accommodations

Etc.

Access for All

QTI

CommonCartridge

APIP PersonalNeeds Profile

APIP Item Content Standard


Common Core Assessment: Stitching It All Together

Common Core State Standards

SIF

IMS

Library

Information

Curriculum

Information

Student

Information

Gender

DOB

ID #

Grade

Enrollment

Attendance

Accommodations

Etc.

Access for All

QTI

CommonCartridge

APIP PersonalNeeds Profile

APIP Item Content Standard

StudentRostering

StudentLogin

TestAdministration

ResponseRecording

Assessment System

Scoring

Reporting


Common Core Assessment: Stitching It All Together

Common Core State Standards

SIF

IMS

Library

Information

Curriculum

Information

Student

Information

Gender

DOB

ID #

Grade

Enrollment

Attendance

Accommodations

Etc.

Access for All

QTI

CommonCartridge

APIP PersonalNeeds Profile

APIP Item Content Standard

StudentRostering

StudentLogin

TestAdministration

ResponseRecording

Assessment System

Scoring

Reporting


Status of apip
Status of APIP

  • Final Technical Documents Released March 2011

  • APIP passed to IMS for maintenance and implementation support

  • IMS APIP Work Group

    • ETS, Pearson, CTB, Measured Progress

    • SBAC and PARCC invited and strongly encouraged to join

  • ATP APIP Study Group

  • State RFPs reference or require APIP

  • Implementation launched by MN and test industry


Next steps
Next Steps

  • Establish touch points between APIP and SIF Student Data Standards

  • Incorporate APIP PNP in Common Education Data Standards

  • Develop business rules and best practices for applying APIP accessibility tags

  • Modify or develop APIP compliant item authoring systems and test delivery systems


Next steps1
Next Steps

  • Continue Educating leaders and educators about APIP and Accessibility Profiles

  • Develop tools to assist in creating sound Personal Needs Profiles

  • Adopt APIP prior to development of RttTA item content


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